Research Article of American Journal of Microbiology and Immunology
PARKINSONIA ACULEATA AS A POTENTIAL PHYTOTHERAPIC FACTOR IN THE INFLAMMATORY AND DYSLIPIDEMIC CONTROL OF WISTAR RATS
Vitória Felício Souto¹*, Priscila A Alves Silva², Eryvelton de Souza Franco³, Elizabeth do Nascimento4, Maria Bernadete de Souza Maia5.
Departamento de Nutrição – UFPE/CCS/Recife¹,4; Prefeitura Municipal de Natal – Vigilância Sanitária/Núcleo de Serviços em Saúde – Secretaria Municipal de Saúde²; Centro Universitário Brasileiro – UNIBRA³; Departamento de Fisiologia e Farmacologia – UFPE/CCS/Recife5.
Objective: The study evaluated the hypolipidemic and anti-inflammatory potential of the hydroalcoholic extract of P. Aculeata (HEPa/EtOAC) in Wistar rats fed with Westernized diet.
Methods: The experiment was approved by the Ethics Committee (Federal University of Pernambuco-23076.027165 / 2010-21). The hydroalcoholic extract (HEPa/EtOAc) was obtained from the aerial parts of P. Aculeata and portioned by acetate/ethanol in different concentrations. 36 male Wistar rats were initially divided into two groups: Control (C, n = 6), fed a commercial diet (26g / 100g of protein; 63g / 100g of carbohydrates; 11g / 100g of lipids) and Westernized (W; n = 30) – fed an experimental diet (15g / 100g of protein; 51g / 100g of carbohydrates; 34 g/100g of lipids) receving water ad libitum. After 4 months of diet, W group was arbitrarily redistributed into six subgroups according to water supplementation, or different extracts concentrations: (n = 6 animals/group): W- distilled water (1mL/kg; po); WG – genfibrozil (140 mg/kg; p.o.); W35- 35 mg/kg; W70 – 70 mg /kg; p.o. and W140- 140 mg/kg; p.o for 30 days. The lipid profile and pro-inflammatory cytokines were analyzed.
Results: The westernized diet caused dyslipidemia and the treatment with HEPa-EtOAc (140mg / kg), promoted a significant reduction in the concentration of pro-inflammatory cytokines, in total cholesterol, in the LDLc and serum triglycerides.
Conclusion: The reduction of dyslipidemia and pro-inflammatory cytokines from the of P. Aculeata extract corroborate the ethnopharmacological potential of the plant, already used by the population for hypoglycemic purposes.
Keywords: Anti-inflammatory. Dyslipidemia. Parkinsonia aculeata. Westernized diet. Rats.
How to cite this article:
Vitória Felício Souto, Priscila A Alves Silva, Eryvelton de Souza Franco, Elizabeth do Nascimento, Maria Bernadete de Souza Maia.PARKINSONIA ACULEATA AS A POTENTIAL PHYTOTHERAPIC FACTOR IN THE INFLAMMATORY AND DYSLIPIDEMIC CONTROL OF WISTAR RATS. American Journal of Microbiology and Immunology, 2021, 6:8. DOI: 10.28933/ajmi-2021-06-1805
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