Humans Papillomavirus (Hpv) Infections in Female Sex Workers in Cote D’ivoire

Humans Papillomavirus (Hpv) Infections in Female Sex Workers in Cote D’ivoire

OUATTARA Abdoulaye1, YEO Alain2, BLAVO-KOUAME E. B.2, KOFFI TCHIBEH Franck1, SARAKA NGUESSAN Daniel2, FAYE-KETTE Hortense2 and DOSSO Mireille2
1Felix Houphouet Boigny University of Abidjan. Medical Sciences School. Cote d’Ivoire
2Pasteur Institute of Cote d’Ivoire Abidjan Cote d’Ivoire

American Journal of Cancer Research and Reviews

Background: Human Papillomaviruses (HPV) are small virus non-enveloped double-stranded circular DNA. They infect epithelial cells (mucous membranes and skin). Many studies have indicated that having multiple sexual partners may lead to higher HPV transmission. Thus female sex workers (FSWs) may be at greater risk of infection compared to the general population. In female sex workers (FSWs), the risk of HPV infection and cervical cancer is especially high. The aim of this work is to determine the prevalence and the genotypes of Humans Papillomavirus (HPV) that circulate in female sex workers populations in Cote d’Ivoire.
Methods: From December 2015 to May 2016, cervical samples from 350 female sex workers were tested for some HR-HPV. HPV DNA was amplified using PGMY09 /11 primers which generated 450 base pairs at the L1 region. The samples harboring HPV DNA were genotyped using the multiplex PCR with HPV 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 45 and 51 primers.
Results: The mean age of this population was 32.5 years. On 350 female sex workers HPV DNA was obtained in 51.5% of the population. A total of 168 (94.38%) specimens harboring HPV DNA were genotypes using multiplex PCR versus 5.61 %, which were not genotyped using HPV 16,18, 31, 33, 35, 45 and 51 by multiplex PCR. These 168 strains permit us to identify 204 strains of HPV on whom we have 88.69 % with single infection while 11.30 % with a multiple infection. Among the multiple infection 36.84 % had respectively double and triple HPV infection and 26.31 % had four HPV infections. HPV genotypes prevalence was the followed: HPV 16 (22.47%), HPV 18 (26.97%), HPV 35 (11.23%), HPV 31 and HPV 33 (7.86%) respectively and HPV 45 (7.30%). Any case of HPV genotype 51 was founded.
Conclusion: The prevalence of HPV infection in female sex workers is high. The most genotypes which circulate in female sex workers are type 16 and type 18 which are the best known in the world.

Keywords: HPV-Prevalence- Genotypes- female sex workers-Côte d’Ivoire

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OUATTARA Abdoulaye, YEO Alain, BLAVO-KOUAME E. B., KOFFI TCHIBEH Franck, SARAKA NGUESSAN Daniel, FAYE-KETTE Hortense and DOSSO Mireille.Humans Papillomavirus (Hpv) Infections in Female Sex Workers in Cote D’ivoire. American Journal of Cancer Research and Reviews, 2017,1:3. DOI:10.28933/ajocrr-2017-11-2203


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