IMPACT OF ACNE VULGARIS ON PSYCHOSOCIAL STATUS


IMPACT OF ACNE VULGARIS ON PSYCHOSOCIAL STATUS


Sevil Alan

Akdeniz University School of Medicine Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Antalya/TURKEY.


Background: Most previous research has focused on acne vulgaris characteristics and their association with psychological disorders, such as anxiety and depression.

Objective: In the present study, we aimed to show whether acne characteristics are associated with several aspects of psychological well-being namely self-esteem, body satisfaction, anxiety-depression and dermatological life quality.

Methods: This was a study of 200 patient with acne and190 healthy controls that was carried out in Antalya, Turkey. Main outcome measures were the Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale, Body Image Concern Inventory (BICI), hospital anxiety and depression scale (HAD) and dermatological life quality index (DLQI). Also we recorded global acne grading score (GAGS) of acne patients.

Results: The findings of statistical analysis indicated that patients with acne had lower levels of self-esteem, high depression and HAD score compared with healthy controls (respectively p=0.01, p˂0.01, p=0.01). Also the DLQI scores of severe and very severe group had higher than mild and moderate group (p= 0.013)

Conclusion: The emotional well-being of the patients presenting with the acne needs to be recognized more fully, particularly in relation to the low self-esteem, high depression score. The psychosocial impact of acne vulgaris should be valued in the management of patients with this condition. The results of this study raise implications for clinical practice and suggest that a multidisciplinary approach to the management of patient with acne.


Keywords: Acne Vulgaris, Psychosocial Status

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How to cite this article:
Sevil Alan. Impact of acne vulgaris on psychosocial status. American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews, 2020; 3:36. DOI: 10.28933/ajodrr-2020-08-3105


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