Amanda Prado1*; William Bigliardi Zibetti2

1Medical student at the Federal University of Pelotas, RS, Brazil.
2Resident doctor of Ophthalmology at the Federal University of Health Sciences of Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Introduction: Optical neuropathy with progressive loss of visual field, glaucoma represents the main cause of irreversible blindness.

Objectives: To analyze the frequency of antiglaucomatous procedures performed by the Unified Health System (SUS), in the last 10 years, requiring hospitalization and outpatient care.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional quantitative retrospective study, carried out through consultations and data analysis of antiglaucomatous procedures in the DATASUS system, between January 2010 and December 2019.

Results: In Brazil, trabeculectomy was the most performed procedure in the last 10 years. Outpatient care had an average of 10,661 per year, on the other hand, the need for hospitalization increased by 70%. The second procedure that generated the most hospitalizations was the implantation of an anti-glaucomatous prosthesis, which doubled in the corresponding period. Cyclodialysis was the least used procedure in the 10 years of analysis, both on an outpatient and hospital basis, and is reserved for the final stages of glaucoma. Surgical iridectomy, used for acute treatment, showed a reduction, in 2019 it represented less than a third compared to 2010. As for outpatient procedures using lasers, such as phototrabeculoplasty and iridotomy, they showed significant growth.

Conclusion: Trabeculectomy is considered the gold standard, justifying its greater frequency, both on an outpatient and hospital basis. Procedures using laser are expanding, trabeculoplasty as an alternative to primary therapy, and iridotomy for greater safety in acute treatment. As the population ages, glaucoma tends to be increasingly prevalent, contributing to the progressive increase in trabeculectomies.

Keywords: Glaucoma treatment. Optical neuropathy. Trabeculectomy.

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How to cite this article:
Amanda Prado; William Bigliardi Zibetti.OPTICAL NEUROPATHY: ANTIGLAUCOMATOUS TREATMENTS OFFERED BY THE UNIQUE HEALTH SYSTEM IN BRAZIL, AN ANALYSIS OF THE LAST DECADE. American Journal of Ophthalmic Research and Reviews, 2021, 4:6. DOI:10.28933/ajoorr-2021-08-0105


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