Psychological and Behavioral Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Children

Psychological and Behavioral Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Children

Adam Abba-Aji1,2*, Elena Bucuci1, Robyn-Lee Burton1 and Pierre Chue1

1Department of Psychiatry, Division of Community Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. 2Young Adult Evaluation, Treatment & Reintegration Service, Alberta Hospital Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

The global epidemiological trends led to the declaration of coronavirus (COVID-19) as a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on March 11, 2020. This necessitated the closure of schools, parks, and recreation and community facilities in most parts of the globe. As a result, there was a rapid shift to online education delivery, and even virtual school graduation ceremonies. Thus, children became part of the sudden behavioural changes needed to mitigate the spread of COVID-19. These changes include social distancing, frequent handwashing and stay-at-home restrictions. Some families had to cancel planned vacations, and others were forced to go into isolation or quarantine as recommended by the public health policies and guidelines.
This paper reviews the psychological and behavioural impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on school-age children.

Keywords: COVID-19; children; mental illness; behavioural problems; emotional problems

Free Full-text PDF

How to cite this article:
Adam Abba-Aji, Elena Bucuci, Robyn-Lee Burton and Pierre Chue. Psychological and Behavioral Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Children. American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews, 2021; 4:29. DOI: 10.28933/ajprr-2021-05-2505

1. Bahn, G. H. (2020). Coronavirus Disease 2019, School Closures, and Children’s Mental Health. Soa Chongsonyon Chongsin Uihak, 31(2), 74-79. doi:10.5765/jkacap.200010
2. Bayham, J., Kuminoff, N. V., Gunn, Q., & Fenichel, E. P. (2015). Measured voluntary avoidance behaviour during the 2009 A/H1N1 epidemic. Proc Biol Sci, 282(1818), 20150814. doi:10.1098/rspb. 2015.0814
3. Becker, S. P., & Gregory, A. M. (2020). Editorial Perspective: Perils and promise for child and adolescent sleep and associated psycho-pathology during the COVID-19 pandemic. J Child Psychol Psychiatry, 61(7), 757-759. doi:10.1111/jcpp. 13278
4. Cucinotta, D., & Vanelli, M. (2020). WHO Declares COVID-19 a Pandemic. Acta Biomed, 91(1), 157-160. doi:10.23750/abm.v91i1.9397
5. Dvorsky, M. R., Breaux, R., & Becker, S. P. (2020). Finding ordinary magic in extraordinary times: child and adolescent resilience during the COVID-19 pandemic. Eur Child Adolesc Psychia-try. doi:10.1007/s00787-020-01583-8
6. Galea, S., Merchant, R. M., & Lurie, N. (2020). The Mental Health Consequences of COVID-19 and Physical Distancing: The Need for Prevention and Early Intervention. JAMA Intern Med. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2020.1562
7. Ghosh, R., Dubey, M. J., Chatterjee, S., & Dubey, S. (2020). Impact of COVID -19 on children: spe-cial focus on the psychosocial aspect. Minerva Pediatr, 72(3), 226-235. doi:10.23736/S0026-4946.20.05887-9
8. Lee, J. (2020). Mental health effects of school closures during COVID-19. Lancet Child Adolesc Health, 4(6), 421. doi:10.1016/S2352-4642(20) 30109-7
9. Moore, S. A., Faulkner, G., Rhodes, R. E., Brussoni, M., Chulak-Bozzer, T., Ferguson, L. J., . . . Tremblay, M. S. (2020). Impact of the COVID-19 virus outbreak on movement and play behaviours of Canadian children and youth: a national survey. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act, 17(1), 85. doi:10.1186/s12966-020-00987-8
10. Orben, A., Tomova, L., & Blakemore, S. J. (2020). The effects of social deprivation on adolescent development and mental health. Lancet Child Ad-olesc Health, 4(8), 634-640. doi:10.1016/S2352-4642(20)30186-3
11. Organization, W. H. (2020). WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard. In.
12. Prem, K., Liu, Y., Russell, T. W., Kucharski, A. J., Eggo, R. M., Davies, N., . . . Group, C. f. t. M. M. o. I. D. C.-W. (2020). The effect of control strat-egies to reduce social mixing on outcomes of the COVID-19 epidemic in Wuhan, China: a modelling study. Lancet Public Health, 5(5), e261-e270. doi:10.1016/S2468-2667(20)30073-6
13. Thomas, E. Y., Anurudran, A., Robb, K., & Burke, T. F. (2020). Spotlight on child abuse and neglect response in the time of COVID-19. Lancet Public Health, 5(7), e371. doi:10.1016/S2468-2667(20) 30143-2
14. Tian, S., Hu, N., Lou, J., Chen, K., Kang, X., Xiang, Z., Zhang, J. (2020). Characteristics of COVID-19 infection in Beijing. J Infect, 80(4), 401-406. doi:10.1016/j.jinf.2020.02.018
15. UNESCO. (2020). Education: From disruption to recovery. In.
16. Xiang, M., Zhang, Z., & Kuwahara, K. (2020). Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on children and adolescents’ lifestyle behavior larger than ex-pected. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. doi:10.1016/ j.pcad.2020. 04.013
17. Xie, X., Xue, Q., Zhou, Y., Zhu, K., Liu, Q., Zhang, J., & Song, R. (2020). Mental Health Status Among Children in Home Confinement During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Outbreak in Hubei Province, China. JAMA Pediatr. doi:10.1001/ jamapediatrics.2020.1619
18. Zhou, S. J., Zhang, L. G., Wang, L. L., Guo, Z. C., Wang, J. Q., Chen, J. C., . . . Chen, J. X. (2020). Prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of psychological health problems in Chinese ado-lescents during the outbreak of COVID-19. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry, 29(6), 749-758. doi:10.1007/s00787-020-01541-4

Terms of Use/Privacy Policy/ Disclaimer/ Other Policies:
You agree that by using our site, you have read, understood, and agreed to be bound by all of our terms of use/privacy policy/ disclaimer/ other policies (click here for details)

CC BY 4.0
This work and its PDF file(s) are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.