American Journal of Design

The Existence of Phillips Curve theory in Ethiopia; Depend on Augmented Phillips curve theory Analysis

Review Article of American Journal of Design The Existence of Phillips Curve theory in Ethiopia; Depend on Augmented Phillips curve theory Analysis Endashaw Sisay Sirah Department of Economics, Mizan Tepi University To continue Ethiopia’s successful path towards becoming a middle income country, it is an important issue focusing on macroeconomic variables. In this modern world inflation and unemployment’s are a most sensitive issue and needs critical attention to overcome problems which come from those two macroeconomic variables. Thus, the objective of the study was to investigate the long run and short run relationships, plus to this to look the causality between inflation rate and unemployment in Ethiopia. The study utilized Augmented Dickey-Fuller test, Auto Regressive Distributed Lag model and Granger causality test by using Vector Error Correction Model with a time spam of 1984/85-2019/20. The finding appears unemployment (contrarily and pitifully) and expected inflation (positively) has long run impact on the current inflation rate. Within the short run as it were anticipated inflation (positively) affect inflation rate but there’s no short run relationship between inflation rate and unemployment rate. From this, the researcher proofs that Phillips curve exist in long run (contrary to 1970’s theory), not in short run (contrary to 1950 and 1960’s theory). At long last, the study suggests the government ought to center on monetary approach which plays an incredible part on unemployment decrease and money related arrangement for inflation rate. Besides, a government ought to maintain a strategic distance from fumble on outside obligation utilization and outside coordinate venture. The government ought to alter the populace growth to economic progress. Keywords: Augmented Phillips curve, Ethiopia, Inflation, Unemployment ...

Domination of Pollutant Residues Among Food Products of South-East Asian Countries

Review Article of American Journal of Design Domination of Pollutant Residues Among Food Products of South-East Asian Countries Abdul Kader Mohiuddin Department of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh, 151/8, Green Road, Dhanmondi, Dhaka – 1205, Bangladesh Southeast Asia is a region that produces high amounts of key food commodities and includes areas of divergent socio-economic status. Food security is a high-priority issue for sustainable global development both quantitatively and qualitatively. In recent decades, adverse effects of unexpected contaminants on crop quality have threatened both food security and human health. Public concern about the adverse environmental and human health impacts of organochlorine contaminants led to strict regulations on their use in developed nations two decades ago. Nevertheless, DDT and several other organochlorine insecticides are still being used for agriculture and public health programs in developing countries in Asia and the South Pacific. As a consequence, humans in this region are exposed to greater dietary levels of organochlorines. Heavy metals and metalloids (e.g., Hg, As, Pb, Cd, and Cr) can jeopardize human metabolomics, contributing to morbidity and even mortality. Those during crop production include soil nutrient depletion, water depletion, soil and water contamination, and pest resistance/outbreaks and the emergence of new pests and diseases. Keywords: pesticides; cancer; organochlorine insecticides; heavy metal poisoning; fertilizers; food-processing operations ...

The Effect of Farmers Education on Farm Productivity: Evidence from Small- Scale Maize Producing Farmers in North Bench District, Bench Maji Zone

Research Article of American Journal of Design The Effect of Farmers Education on Farm Productivity: Evidence from Small- Scale Maize Producing Farmers in North Bench District, Bench Maji Zone Habtamu Solomon Korgitet Lecturer in Mizan-Tepi University, Department of Economics The objective of this study is to examine the effect of farmer education on farm productivity. Cross-sectional data has been collected from 200 maize producing farmers. Descriptive statistics and Cobb-Douglas production function model was used. The main finding of the study is higher education contributes to high productivity. Thus, formal schooling opens the mind of farmers in adoption of new farm technology, non- formal education propose farmer to better method of farming ,and informal education maintain the farmer on changing ideas each other. Therefore, to increase their productivity the farmers should be required skills and knowledge in modern farming and be able to know the use of modern farm inputs. Keywords: Cobb- Douglas production function model, Education, productivity ...

Secondary Education in Ethiopia: A Comprehensive Summary

Review Article of American Journal of Design Secondary Education in Ethiopia: A Comprehensive Summary Addis Tsegaye Zegeye Department of Teacher Education and Curriculum Studies, College of Education & Behavioral Sciences, Bahir Dar University The article presents clear picture of the secondary school curriculum of Ethiopia from its planning to its implementation and the different problems faced during implementation by suggesting the solution so as to bring an all rounded development of students. Besides this it also indicated important points /recommendations for developers as well as practitioners of the curriculum. So it is advisable to take the comments in to consideration and revise and implement the revised curriculum as suggested by the authors. Keywords: Secondary Education, Ethiopia: A Comprehensive Summary ...

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American Journal of Design