American Journal of Law and Legal Studies


Space debris mitigation: roles and limitation of soft laws

Review Article of American Journal of Law and Legal Studies Space debris mitigation: roles and limitation of soft laws Oluwatosin Awotoye1 and Tobiloba Awotoye2 1African Regional Centre for Space Science and Technology Education in English, Obafemi Awolowo University Campus, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria 2Faculty of Law, Lead City University, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria For nearly fifty-nine years, State Governments and private actors have objects in orbit around Earth and other celestial bodies. The leftovers of dilapidated satellites, rockets, non functioning satellites and the junks ensuing from their collisions and explosions form a considerable portion of the debris in space. These non-functioning objects in actual fact threaten the space environment by their mere presence. Space junks on orbit around the earth poses the most severe modern risk to the use of space. For the long term sustainability and the continuous usages of the Outer space by State Governments and private actors, mitigation of debris in Outer Space is very essential. There are so many Guidelines that have been suggested to help in mitigating debris in space by major space faring countries, policy makers , United Nations and some space agencies to mention a few. These Guidelines and Code of Conducts are regarded as soft laws and they are expected to regulate the activities of humankind in the uses of Outer space. This paper will crucially analyse the various guidelines proposed for space debris mitigation. This paper is not an attempt to discuss every facet of the mitigation guidelines. It will rather look at the overview of the soft laws, its roles and some of the limitations of soft laws and projects the way forward. Keywords: Space debris mitigation, roles, limitation, soft laws ...

The integrality of the National Policy of Integral Attention to the Health of Man

Review Article of American Journal of Law and Legal Studies The integrality of the National Policy of Integral Attention to the Health of Man João Pedro Sobral Neto¹, Bárbara Angélica Bispo Fernandes do Nascimento², Carla Coutinho da Silva³, Tatiana Cristina Nascimento Ramos de Souza Araújo4, Talita Helena Monteiro de Moura5, Carolina Piedade Morais de Freitas Soares Silva6. 1. Biomédico. Residente Multiprofissional em Saúde Coletiva pelo Instituto Aggeu Magalhães – IAM/FIOCRUZ-PE. 2. Enfermeira. Residente Multiprofissional em Cuidados Paliativos pelo Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira – IMIP. 3. Enfermeira. Residente Multiprofissional em Oncologia e Cuidados Paliativos pelo Centro Universitário Tabosa de Almeida – ASCESUNITA. 4. Enfermeira. Gerente da Enfermaria em Cuidados Paliativos do Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira – IMIP. 5. Enfermeira. Coordenadora de Atenção Básica da Secretaria Municipal de Saúde do Jaboatão dos Guararapes. 6. Enfermeira. Superintendente de Atenção à Saúde da Secretaria Municipal de Saúde do Jaboatão dos Guararapes. The National Policy of Integral Attention to Human Health aims to facilitate and expand the access with quality of the male population to the actions and services of integral health care in the Unified Health System. The objective of this study is to analyze the aspects that lead To the integrality of the National Policy of Integral Attention to the Health of Man. For its accomplishment, the research was divided in two moments. The first to read the official documents of the Ministry of Health about the policy and the second to consult the scientific articles on it. It was observed that the National Policy for Integral Attention to Human Health was not implemented in the practice of care and that its principles and guidelines are used in a timely manner. Keywords: Integrality; National Policy of Integral Attention to Human Health; Unified Health System ...

Evaluation of Access and Quality in Primary Care in João Pessoa

Research Article of American Journal of Law and Legal Studies Evaluation of Access and Quality in Primary Care in João Pessoa Madruga, M.L.L.H1; Melo, G.A2; Vasconcelos, A.M3; Silva, A.M.R4; Carvalho, S.M.C.R5; Lemos, M.T.M6 1Estudante de Fisioterapia – UFPB; 2,3,4Mestranda em Neurociência Cognitiva e Comportamento – UFPB, 5,6Docente do Departamento de Fisioterapia – UFPB. Introduction: The National Program for the Improvement of Access and Quality in Primary Care is a component of the National Primary Care Policy, within the Unified Health System, which is based on the improvement of the assistance in Primary Care. The third phase of the Program is the moment of the External Evaluation, which is based on the gathering of information to analyze the conditions of access and quality of primary care teams.. Objective: Analyze data from the External Evaluation of Basic Health Units proposed by National Program for Improving Access and Quality in Primary Care in João Pessoa. Methodology: The present study has a quantitative nature and it is characterized as a descriptive and documentary research. It was conducted in March 2016, by means of collect and analysis of the Ministry of Health´s database, freely available on its website. Results: With regard to item ‘operation’ of health basic unit it was observed that all the UBS function doing service only in the morning and afternoon, five days a week. On the second item “UBS evaluation”, were assessed: physical structure and ambience health unit, unit adaptations for the disabled and elderly, equipment and drugs, which showed values below the expected. Conclusion: The data presented reveal that, although there has been progress, the Units are still unprepared to provide a universal, equal and equitable assistance, as advocated in the principles of the Unified Health System. Keywords: Unified Health System, Basic Health Unit, Health Primary Care ...

Applied attention to the monoparental family

Research Article of American Journal of Law and Legal Studies Applied attention to the monoparental family Mesquita, S.K.M1; Lima, N.A.S2; Sá, A.N.P3; Lima e Silva, T.C4 1Estudante do Curso de Medicina - F.C.M. /PB; 2 Estudante do Curso de Enfermagem – UFPE; 3 Mestre em Enfermagem pela UFPB/ Docente da F.C.M. /PB -Curso de Medicina;4Docente Adjunta/Pesquisador do Departamento de Enfermagem,- CAV/UFPE, Doutora em Patologia (FMB/UNESP) Introduction: The Family Health Strategy (ESF), is a model that promotes an organization of health actions with a high degree of decentralization and capillarity, at assigned territory with no intention to face and solve many problems identified. Objective: To carry out home visits with the aim of developing communication skills as well as interfacing theory and practice. Methodology: This is a descriptive study of the Experiment Report type carried out by the students of the second period of the Medical Graduation Course of the Medical School of Paraíba, during the Horizontal Module of Health Care II in September 2016 in a USF of the municipality of João Pessoa-PB. Results: This study indicated a similar level of happiness among the different urbanization areas of the city, with more people happier in the outlying districts of the city, rather than in the central neighborhoods. Conclusion: The home visit is a potential tool for the ESF teams, it can be used as a prevention or even generate hypotheses that explain possible problems and difficulties present in a given family group, considering that at any moment there may be maladjustments leading to family crises. Keywords: Primary Health Care; Family Health Strategy; Home visit ...

Prof. (DR) O. P. MONGA
Freelance Professor of Sociology, OB &HR and United Nations Volunteer (Online)

Dr. Milena Palczewska
Vice Dean for student affairs, Military Faculty, War Studies University, al. gen. Antoniego Chruściela “Montera” 10300-910 Warszawa

Dr. Ionel BONDOC
Associate Professor, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Iasi, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Iasi (ROMANIA), Department of Public Health

American Journal of Law and Legal Studies

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1. Avinaba Mukherjee, Sourav Sikdar, Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh. Evaluation of ameliorative potential of isolated flavonol fractions from Thuja occidentalis in lung cancer cells and in Benzo(a) pyrene induced lung toxicity in mice. International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0013. 
2. Vikas Gupta, Parveen Bansal, Junaid Niazi, Kamlesh Kohli, Pankaj Ghaiye. Anti-anxiety Activity of Citrus paradisi var. duncan Extracts in Swiss Albino Mice-A Preclinical Study. Journal of Herbal Medicine Research, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0006.

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