American Journal of Law and Legal Studies


PROTECTING THE HOST COUNTRY’S ENVIRONMENT: AN EMPHASIS ON HOME STATE REGULATION IN INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT

Research Article of American Journal of Law and Legal Studies PROTECTING THE HOST COUNTRY’S ENVIRONMENT: AN EMPHASIS ON HOME STATE REGULATION IN INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT Jiawen Cui School of International Law, China University of Political Science and Law. The awakening of civic consciousness of social rights requires investors not only have to obtain the “administrative license” from the host countries, but also need the “social license” from the local citizens when investing abroad. Although ICSID has made a series of decisions in favor of the host countries in investment disputes referring to environmental protection after the year of 2000, a tendency emphasizing the rights of investors has not changed substantially. In international investments involving environmental protection, the responsibility of the home country is either absent or exists in a form of soft law, thus cannot play a effective role. Emphasis on the responsibility of the home country has a vital meaning on balancing the rights and interests among all the parties. Keywords: Responsibility of the home county; Social license; Environmental protection; Legislation of the home county; Judiciary of the home country ...

Intellectual Property Rights in Nigeria: Issues and Challenges

Research Article of American Journal of Law and Legal Studies Intellectual Property Rights in Nigeria: Issues and Challenges Nwanna, Clifford Ezekwe (Ph.D) Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria This study is on issues and Challenges facing intellectual Property right in Nigeria. Although intellectual Property right laws exist in Nigeria, it is observable that the enforcement of this aspect of law is not taken seriously compared to that of real property. This problem has caused a decrease in the economic value of the productive sector, especially the creative industry, in Nigeria, and a corresponding decrease in our Gross Domestic Product (GDP). In view of this problem, the study aims at investigating the issues and challenges affecting intellectual property right in Nigeria, with a view to enlightening the public on the availability and role of intellectual property laws in our Jurisdiction and to proffer solutions on how to achieve more effective enforcement. The study employs a qualitative research approach, while information was sourced primarily through oral source mainly interviews with learned Jurists and practitioners in the creative industry. Secondary sources of information used comprise written sources which include decided cases, Books, Journals, Newspapers and dissertations/project. The study revealed that if intellectual properties are properly protected and the applicable laws enforced, Nigeria will witness a phenomenal rise in the economic value of most productive sector in Nigeria and a corresponding increase in Gross Domestic Product. The study will recommend among others, to improve on legal education in Nigeria by generating best practices and approaches that can be employed to redesign legal education to make it responsive to contemporary realities and needs of the society. Keywords: Intellectual Property, rights, issues, challenges, legal Education ...

Serial Killers – Views on Why Sadipaths Kill, the Death Penalty, and Rehabilitation

Research Article of American Journal of Law and Legal Studies Serial Killers - Views on Why Sadipaths Kill, the Death Penalty, and Rehabilitation Raqota Berger Center for Criminal and Psychological Studies, Los Angeles, California Serial killers are among the most brutal, callous, and coldhearted criminal offenders. This is particularly true for sadipathic killers, that have no remorse for their acts and no empathy for their victims. This study analyzed statistical data collected from 220 people willing to share their thoughts and beliefs about serial murderers, why they repeatedly kill, whether they can be effectively treated and rehabilitated, and whether or not they should receive the death penalty. The findings revealed that most respondents believe that serial murder is connected to mental illness (82%), childhood abuse (81%), sadistic personality (75%), and anger (69%). The majority of respondents do not believe that serial killers can be treated or rehabilitated (79%). The majority of the participants also stated that serial killers should receive the death penalty (62%). Almost 8 out 10 respondents believe that serial murder is associated with a sadistic personality. Respondents 40 years of age and older (90%) were palpably more likely to believe that serial killers should receive the death penalty. With the exception of multiracial respondents, all ethnic groups leaned in the direction that serial killers should receive the death penalty. This study brings forth additional findings and insights into serial murder and sadipathy that may be of value to professionals working across academic, mental health, and legal settings. Keywords: serial murder, serial killer, sadipathy, death penalty, rehabilitation, mental illness ...

Space debris mitigation: roles and limitation of soft laws

Review Article of American Journal of Law and Legal Studies Space debris mitigation: roles and limitation of soft laws Oluwatosin Awotoye1 and Tobiloba Awotoye2 1African Regional Centre for Space Science and Technology Education in English, Obafemi Awolowo University Campus, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria 2Faculty of Law, Lead City University, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria For nearly fifty-nine years, State Governments and private actors have objects in orbit around Earth and other celestial bodies. The leftovers of dilapidated satellites, rockets, non functioning satellites and the junks ensuing from their collisions and explosions form a considerable portion of the debris in space. These non-functioning objects in actual fact threaten the space environment by their mere presence. Space junks on orbit around the earth poses the most severe modern risk to the use of space. For the long term sustainability and the continuous usages of the Outer space by State Governments and private actors, mitigation of debris in Outer Space is very essential. There are so many Guidelines that have been suggested to help in mitigating debris in space by major space faring countries, policy makers , United Nations and some space agencies to mention a few. These Guidelines and Code of Conducts are regarded as soft laws and they are expected to regulate the activities of humankind in the uses of Outer space. This paper will crucially analyse the various guidelines proposed for space debris mitigation. This paper is not an attempt to discuss every facet of the mitigation guidelines. It will rather look at the overview of the soft laws, its roles and some of the limitations of soft laws and projects the way forward. Keywords: Space debris mitigation, roles, limitation, soft laws ...

Prof. (DR) O. P. MONGA
Freelance Professor of Sociology, OB &HR and United Nations Volunteer (Online)

Dr. Milena Palczewska
Vice Dean for student affairs, Military Faculty, War Studies University, al. gen. Antoniego Chruściela “Montera” 10300-910 Warszawa

Dr. Ionel BONDOC
Associate Professor, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Iasi, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Iasi (ROMANIA), Department of Public Health

American Journal of Law and Legal Studies

Manuscript Title: The title should be a brief phrase.

Author Information: List full names and affiliation of all authors, including Emails and phone numbers of corresponding author.

Abstract: The abstract should be less than 500 words. Following abstract, a list of keywords and abbreviations should be added. The keywords should be no more than 10. Abbreviation are only used for non standard and long terms.

Introduction: The introduction should included a clear statement of current problems.

Materials and Methods: This section should be clearly described.

Results and discussion: Authors may put results and discussion into a single section or show them separately.

Acknowledgement: This section includes a brief acknowledgment of people, grant details, funds

References: References should be listed in a numbered citation order at the end of the manuscript. DOIs and links to referenced articles should be added if available. Abstracts and talks for conferences or papers not yet accepted should not be cited. Examples Published Papers: 

1. Avinaba Mukherjee, Sourav Sikdar, Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh. Evaluation of ameliorative potential of isolated flavonol fractions from Thuja occidentalis in lung cancer cells and in Benzo(a) pyrene induced lung toxicity in mice. International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0013. 
2. Vikas Gupta, Parveen Bansal, Junaid Niazi, Kamlesh Kohli, Pankaj Ghaiye. Anti-anxiety Activity of Citrus paradisi var. duncan Extracts in Swiss Albino Mice-A Preclinical Study. Journal of Herbal Medicine Research, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0006.

Tables and figures: Tables should be used at a minimum with a short descriptive title. The preferred file formats for Figures/Graphics are GIF, TIFF, JPEG or PowerPoint.

Publication fee: The authors will be contacted about the publication fee after a manuscript have been accepted.

Proofreading and Publication: A proof will be sent to the corresponding author before publication. Authors should carefully read the proof to avoid any errors and return the proof to the editorial office. Editorial office will publish the article shortly and send a notice to authors with the links of the paper.

Open Access
American Journal of Law and Legal Studies is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials in Law and Legal Studies (Indexing details).

Peer Review
To ensure the quality of the publications, all submitted manuscripts will be peer-reviewed by invited experts in the field. The decisions of editors will be made based on the comments of the reviewers.

Rapid Publication
Time to first decision: within 2 days for initial decision without review, 18 days with review; Time to publication: Accepted articles will be published online within 2 days, and final corrected versions by authors will be accessible within 5 days. More details....

Rapid Response Team
Please feel free to contact our rapid response team if you have any questions. Our customer representative will answer your questions shortly.

American Journal of Law and Legal Studies

Upload

Note: Please compress all documents (manuscript, cover letter et al.,. ) into one .Zip file and then upload the Zip file.