American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews


ABSENTEEISM DUE TO MENTAL DISORDERS IN A MUNICIPALITY IN THE INTERIOR OF ALAGOAS

Research Article of American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews ABSENTEEISM DUE TO MENTAL DISORDERS IN A MUNICIPALITY IN THE INTERIOR OF ALAGOAS Verônica de Medeiros Alves² *. Francisco, Leilane Camila Ferreira de Lima. ¹Especialista em Psiquiatria e Saúde Mental (Residência UNCISAL), Mestranda em Enfermagem (UFAL). ²Docente do curso de Enfermagem da Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Mestre em Ciências da Saúde, Doutora em Saúde Mental pelo Instituto de Psiquiatria da UFRJ. Introduction: Work-related diseases cause high absenteeism rates and their occurrence has been increasing gradually and because they cause great impact on the economy of the countries. Objective: To identify the prevalence of absenteeism due to mental disorders in servers in the municipality of Arapiraca-AL, from January to December 2013. Methodology: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach. For this, we analyzed all the records used in the situation of work clearance of the municipal servants of Arapiraca in the Medical Board. Results: The study subjects were 816 public servants from the municipality of Arapiraca-AL, away from work from January to December 2013. For data analysis, the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences-SPSS (version 20) was used. The present study showed that most professionals away from work were female (693 – 84.9%), married (426 – 52.2%), lived in rural areas (116 – 14.2%) and were permanent employees (627 – 76.8%). Education configured the stocking organ most affected by absenteeism at work (474 – 58.1%) represented by the post of teacher (281 – 34.4%). The absence of mental disorders occupied the fourth most frequent cause (151 – 18.5%) among the various reasons for distancing from work and the depressive episode was the mental disorder that stood out in relation to the others (19 – 12.6%). Conclusion: The high rate of absenteeism due to mental disorders evidences the need ...

REPERCUSSIONS OF THE INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF PERSONS WITH MENTAL DISORDERS IN PERFORMANCE OF DAILY LIFE ACTIVITIES

Research Article of American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews REPERCUSSIONS OF THE INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF PERSONS WITH MENTAL DISORDERS IN PERFORMANCE OF DAILY LIFE ACTIVITIES Alana Beatriz Félix Ferreira*, José Ramon da Silva Brito Universidade Estadual de Ciências da Saúde de Alagoas (UNCISAL). Introduction: The term institutionalization comes from Europe, from the middle ages, where people with mental disorders were excluded from the social environment. Thereafter the psychiatric hospitals are developed, whose principles become isolation, repression and total institutionalization. Psychiatric hospitals were then established as a place of psychiatric power and disease manipulation.Thus, in the total institutionalization the subject loses his individuality, being treated only by the disease, removed from his self, resulting in greater difficulty in social reintegration, autonomy and independence of the individual. Objectives: To report on how institutionalization may interfere with the performance of daily living activities (ADLs) of institutionalized users in a psychiatric hospital. Methods: This is a descriptive work of the experience report type, presenting experiences at the Teodora Albuquerque Psychiatric Hospital in Arapiraca / AL, between May 2019 and September 2019, with institutionalized individuals with more than one year of hospitalization. Results: Activities of daily living are basic self-care tasks that can be used and well-being, such as bathing, eating, combing or hair, among others (AOTA, 2015). Within the experiences, there was a progressive difficulty in the functional and conscious performance of ADLs, due to numerous factors, which may be pathological or acquired in institutionalization, especially among males and older age, with prevalence of acquired difficulty. by total institutionalization. In this process, individuals who are hospitalized longer are more susceptible to the gradual loss of their functional independence, both by the polypharmacy highly present in psychiatric hospitals, and by the mode of repression and isolation that leads to the aggravation of mental illness. Conclusion: ...

HOSPITAL HOSPITALIZATIONS FOR MENTAL AND BEHAVIORAL DISORDERS IN MACEIÓ IN THE YEARS 2013 TO 2018

Research Article of American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews HOSPITAL HOSPITALIZATIONS FOR MENTAL AND BEHAVIORAL DISORDERS IN MACEIÓ IN THE YEARS 2013 TO 2018 Ingrid Isabelle Silva Lins¹*, Luana Alves de Freitas¹, João Lourenço dos Santos Neto¹, Martha Christina Ribeiro Santos¹, Angella Maria Oliveira Domingos¹, Tânia Maria Alves Bento¹. ¹Centro Universitário Tiradentes – UNIT Introduction: According to the World Health Organization (WHO), in 2011, the prevalence of mental disorders in the world population is 10%, exceeding 25% to be considered during the course of life. Health information has important roles in health policies, enabling planning, prevention, promotion and recovery actions, as it forms a system for the acquisition, organization and analysis of data to define health problems and risks and to evaluate efficacy. , efficiency and influence that the services provided exert on the health of the population³. Objective: To characterize the epidemiological profile of hospitalizations for mental and behavioral disorders in the city of Maceió from 2014 to 2018. Methodology: This is a descriptive quantitative study based on data analysis of the Hospital Internment System (SIH). accessed by DATASUS, having the following variables: ICD 10 (Mental and Behavioral Disorders), ICD 10 List (Mental Disorders due to the use of alcohol and other psychoactive substances, year (2014-2018), age group (15 - 59 years ), gender (male and female) in the city of Maceió-Alagoas. Results and discussion: From the data analyzed, Maceió totaled 4,778 thousand (47.87%) of the cases of hospitalizations for mental and behavioral disorders between the years 2013 to 2018, 2013 with 952 billion (9.52%), 2014 with 1.025 thousand cases (10.25%), 2015 with 635 thousand cases (6.35%), 2016 with 717 thousand cases (7.17%), 2017 with 679 thousand cases (6.79%) and 2018 with 765 thousand cases (7.65%) c the predominance of cases in 2014 with approximately 10% of cases ...

REPERCUSSIONS OF MENTAL DISORDERS IN THE FAMILY CONTEXT

Review Article of American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews REPERCUSSIONS OF MENTAL DISORDERS IN THE FAMILY CONTEXT Kimberly Mayara Gouveia Bezerra¹*; Ana Carolina de Carvalho Leandro²; Maria Gabryelle Jatobá Pereira de Brito³; Scarlletie Rodrigues Perreli Batista de Oliveira4; Thassia Thame de Moura Silva5; Iracema da Silva Frazão6 1,2,3,4– Nursing Academics – UFPE; 5,6 Professors of the Nursing Department – UFPE Introduction: With the change in the care environment, the family came to be seen as an ally in treating the person with mental disorders, beginning to experience the home, as a new environment full of emotions, responsibilities and changes. Thus, it is important to know by health professionals of the repercussions that mental disorders cause in the family, so that it enables planning focused on holistic action, centered on the resolution of problems that lead to the illness of the family environment. Objective: to identify the repercussions of mental disorders in the family context. Methodology:  Literature review in the databases SCOPUS, CINAHL, LILACS, CUIDEN and SCIELO. The selected articles were classified as to the level of evidence and data analysis was constructed in Microsoft Excel containing the main information of the articles. Results:1,400 articles were found, of which 234 articles were selected to read the abstracts, 41 included the theme. Then, 27 articles were selected to answer the guiding question. However, after the application of methodological criteria, an article was excluded, totaling a final sample of 26 articles. Conclusion: the experience of having a family member with mental disorders was seen, as a difficult and overloading experience, but this coexistence has made it possible to search for the breakdown of paradigm of mental illness, the approximation of the family with treatment and health services, in addition to contributing to the  reintegration  of it into society. Keywords: family, family relationships, mental disorders ...

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1.Sousa, R.A, Silva, W.R; Melo, I.F.O, Silva, A.C.P.S, Vasconcelos, S.C; Silva, T.P.S. to report the experience of training in suicide prevention for health professionals in Pernambuco.American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews, 2018, 1:1 
2.Lima E. S., Lima A. D. The Role of the Psychologist in Palliative Care in Response to Patients With Cancer.American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews, 2018, 1:2 

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American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews (ISSN:2637-479X, DOI:10.28933/AJPRR) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Psychiatric Research and Reviews  (Indexing information).

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American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews

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