American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews

Multiprofessional Integration In Monitoring Patients With Mental Disorders: A Literature Review

Review Article of American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews Multiprofessional Integration In Monitoring Patients With Mental Disorders: A Literature Review Fernanda Romão Aquino de Sousa UFC Objective: The objective of the study was to review the literature on how multiprofessional integration can positively impact the quality of life of patients with mental disorders, increasing treatment compliance and ensuring the necessary care for the patient. Methods: A search was made in the Pubmede Scielo databases, using the descriptors found in the DECS, using as descriptors ¨ Community Mental Health¨, ¨Services Patient Care Team¨, health mental¨, ¨ community health services mental¨, a total of 242 were selected, of which 49. Results: Considering that the field of mental health, aggregates a set of complex and particular issues of each being, a multidisciplinary treatment is essential to integrate all therapeutic possibilities. In this bias, it is perceived that the fight for hegemony over the ways of caring, how to deal optimally with the experience of illness is guided by an intentionality of reorganization of knowledge about the health/disease dichotomy, which is reflected in the models proposed for the implementation of actions and services aiming at the promotion, prevention, care and rehabilitation of human health. Conclusion: In view of the study carried out, the need for expanding researches and the daily approach of the teams working in the multi, inter and transdisciplinary perspectives are fundamental tools for the treatment effectiveness, as well as the political action and necessary investments in the mental health area in order to guarantee better assistance to patients suffering from mental disorders. Keywords: Community Mental Health. Services Patient Care Team. Mental Health. Community Mental Health Services.     ...

Epidemiology Of Exogenous Intoxication In A Triple Border Region Between The Years 2015 And 2019

Research Article of American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews Epidemiology Of Exogenous Intoxication In A Triple Border Region Between The Years 2015 And 2019 Luciane Silvino Braz*, Felipe Alexandre Zanutto Costa, Paola Fernanda Fedatto, Fátima Cividini, Isabel Fernandes de Souza, Ana Carolina Martins Gomes Instituto de Ensino Superior de Foz do Iguaçu (IESFI), Foz do Iguaçu, PR Objective: To characterize the profile of compulsory notifications of exogenous intoxication in Foz do Iguaçu, Paraná, in the five-year period 2015 to 2019. Methods: Documentary, quantitative-analytical study of the sociodemographic and epidemiological profiles, of notifications of exogenous intoxication. The variables were collected in Individual Notification Forms of the Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN) with a sample of 2799 evaluated records. The data were tabulated in spreadsheets, Microsoft Excel, and were analyzed using Sigma Plot, version 11.0. The results were expressed in absolute frequency and relative percentages. The analysis of associations between variables was performed using chi-square. Results: Regarding the socio-demographic and economic profile, it was found that the average age of victims of poisoning is higher for the male population, 33 years old (± 15.48), with a preponderance of intoxications among white, female individuals (n = 1174; 41.94%) and male (n = 736; 26.30%), with complete secondary education for women (n = 318; 11.36%) and incomplete primary education for men (n = 227; 8.11%), residing in urban areas, female (n = 1594; 56.95%) and male (n = 1069; 38.19%), whose occupation is in formal work, female (n = 270; 9.65%) and male (n = 178; 6.36%) respectively. Regarding epidemiology, drugs, especially anxiolytics, with digestive tract and evolution to cure were the characteristics most present in the notifications. Conclusion: Suicide attempts and abuse were the circumstances for their reports and the most recurrent ones, with drugs, especially anxiolytics and antidepressants, in the digestive ...

Measuring the Effectiveness of Deradicalisation: The Development of MIKRA Risk Assessment

Research Article of American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews Measuring the Effectiveness of Deradicalisation: The Development of MIKRA Risk Assessment Zora A. Sukabdi University of Indonesia. Instruments for identifying risk of terrorist offenders could help counterterrorism practitioners define parameters of effective rehabilitation and detect a change in risk level of offenders before and after treatment. This study aims to develop Motivation-Ideology-Capability Risk Assessment, known as MIKRA, to examine the level of risk of terrorist offenders. The study involved Indonesian counterter-rorism experts and practitioners for examining the construct validity of MIKRA and terrorist offenders at a maximum-security prison for analysing the external and criterion-related validity. External validity was implemented by comparing offenders’ MIKRA scores with their risk categories reported by Counterterror-rism Special Task Force. Internal consistency reliability (Cronbach’s Alpha) was also applied to examine MIKRA’s psychometric properties. The results indicate alpha reliability α= 0.933. Furthermore, offenders’ MIKRA scores are correlated significantly with categories of risk released by the official, but not correlated with the non-offenders’ scores. This means MIKRA is valid to investigate risks of terrorist offenders. Keywords: Measuring the Effectiveness; Deradicalisation; MIKRA Risk Assessment ...

Psychological and Behavioral Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Children

Review Article of American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews Psychological and Behavioral Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Children Adam Abba-Aji1,2*, Elena Bucuci1, Robyn-Lee Burton1 and Pierre Chue1 1Department of Psychiatry, Division of Community Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. 2Young Adult Evaluation, Treatment & Reintegration Service, Alberta Hospital Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. The global epidemiological trends led to the declaration of coronavirus (COVID-19) as a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on March 11, 2020. This necessitated the closure of schools, parks, and recreation and community facilities in most parts of the globe. As a result, there was a rapid shift to online education delivery, and even virtual school graduation ceremonies. Thus, children became part of the sudden behavioural changes needed to mitigate the spread of COVID-19. These changes include social distancing, frequent handwashing and stay-at-home restrictions. Some families had to cancel planned vacations, and others were forced to go into isolation or quarantine as recommended by the public health policies and guidelines. This paper reviews the psychological and behavioural impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on school-age children. Keywords: COVID-19; children; mental illness; behavioural problems; emotional problems ...

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American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews