American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews


The New Approaches Therapeutics That Complement Medicinal Therapy of Patients in Mental Health: an Analysis

Review Article of American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews The New Approaches Therapeutics That Complement Medicinal Therapy of Patients in Mental Health: an Analysis Francisco Henrique da Silva1, Matheus Alves Siqueira de Assunção2, Evandro Valentim da Silva2, and Fálba Bernadete Ramos dos Anjos2 1Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil 2Department of Histology and Embryology, Federal University of Pernambuco,  Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil Mental illnesses represent a challenge for healthcare worldwide. In Brazil, this reality is not different, with the Unified Health System (SUS) providing or improving the therapeutic treatment of patients assisted by public health policies, through the implementation of integrative and complementary practices in mental health patient therapy. Drug therapy associated with the increase in integrative practices contributes to improvements in the patient, in addition to promoting updates to the protocols and clinical guidelines that address pathologies of the mental nature. In this context, this chapter should analyze the main mental disorders, such as drug therapies used to treat these patients, as well as the use of integrative practices that complement the use of medications. Keywords:  New Approaches Therapeutics, Complement Medicinal Therapy, Mental Health ...

Autistic Espectrum Disorder – a New Perspective About the Early Diagnostic

Review Article of American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews Autistic Espectrum Disorder - a New Perspective About the Early Diagnostic Mihai Sorin Dorobantu Pediatrician - Hospital 24 Hours Unimed São Carlos / SP; Family Medicine Physician City Hall São Carlos / SP; Preceptor of the School of Medicine of the Federal University of São Carlos / SP The term “autism spectrum disorder” (ASD) describes today a heterogeneous group of neurodevelopmental disorders with diverse etiologies. Autism spectrum disorder is obviously a neurodevelopmental disorder that seems to be a big challenge today for both: the family doctor and the pediatrician. The core of this disorder is mainly integrated by the patient’s communication and social interaction difficulties and by the presence of repetitive or restricted behaviors and / or interests. (AUGUSTYN, PATTERSON, TORCHIA, 2019 p. 1)1-10 Autistic Spectrum Disorder is a pervasive and permanent disorder. It has no cure, no especific treatment, and this must be clarified from the begining, however, early intervention can drastically alter prognosis and soften symptoms (SOCIEDADE BRASILEIRA DE PEDIATRIA, 2019) 1-10. To benefit from early intervention, the patient with autistic spectrum disorder needs an early diagnosis. The key to their better social integration is the time. It is obvious that children identified with risk for autism spectrum disorder should be referred to a specialist with the purpose to establishing the diagnosis. However, it is primarily up to the primary-care physician to identify children at risk through developmental follow-up, behavioral follow-up and eventually through a valid screening and clinical judgment. In fact, early, accurate and appropriate diagnosis usually requires a clinician with experience in diagnosis and treatment. However, the contribution of a multiprofessional team to assess key symptoms, functional impairment, severity, and comorbid conditions is very important. The management of this patient should be individualized according to the ...

Healing Relationships: co-therapists animals

Review Article of American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews Healing Relationships: co-therapists animals Daniela Maria Bastos de Souza¹; Mariana Gomes do Rêgo²; Lorena D’Andrade Aires³; Ewerton Henrique Brito Silva Cardoso³; Diego Lucas Couto Paes Barreto de Carvalho³ ¹Professor of Pharmacology, Department of Animal Myphology and Physiology, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco. ² Department of Animal Myphology and Physiology, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco. ³Department of Veterinary Medicine, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco. Anxiety and Depression Throughout history, humans have created various “instruments” for the survival of their species, including a need for socialization. These social relationships do not always occur successfully and when they do, there are behavioral changes, such as anxiety disorder, depression and even risk of suicide (SAVALLI; ADES, 2016; SOUSA; OLIVEIRA; CALOUI, 2018). Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) presents as main resources exacerbated fear or anxiety in social situations. Also called Social Phobia, SAD usually manifests itself before or during moments of interaction, as well as in situations where the individual feels observed or exposed to the approval of others (APA, 2013). This disorder is a consequence of one or several factors, whether psychological, biological or arising from lived situations (GOMES, 2014). Those who suffer from SAD tend to exhibit more reclusive habits, reducing their social circle to only their family members and to avoid situations in which they need to speak or even eat in the public. Physically, anxiety disorder usually manifests as hand tremors, flushing, nausea, frequent urination and/or panic attacks, signs that negatively influence the behavior of the affected individual and may cause a more intense degree of social isolation. Social Phobia physiologically impairs the functionality of the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and adrenal glands, producing changes in production and releasing of several important hormones, such as adrenaline and cortisol. This physiological change implies the ...

ANXIETY

Review Article of American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews ANXIETY José Gildo de Lima – Professor at the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences - Universidade Federal de Pernambuco Aline Cavalcanti de Lira – Pharmacist at Hospital das Clínicas – EBSERH - Universidade Federal de Pernambuco With the changing age structure of the population, epidemiological shifts are observed. The incidence of infectious diseases has declined over the years and has been replaced by chronic diseases such as cardiovascular, cancer, diabetes mellitus, and psychological disorders. Anxiety disorders are more common among people suffering from chronic medical disease, and the number of medical illnesses is positively associated with the presence of anxiety (RAMOS; STANLEY, 2018, p.57). Anxiety disorders are psychological disorders that have their basis in one of the most rudimentary and adaptive human functions: the innate stress response (‘fight or flight’’ response) (ABRAMOWITZ; DEACON, 2010, p. 104). So, it is possible that during our lifetime we may suffer some kind of anxiety disorder. In fact, the stress response is designed to motivate us to protect ourselves by preparing to cope with a perceived threat. But when this stress or fear is disproportionate to actual threat or danger and significantly interferes with normal daily functioning, the person is said to have an anxiety disorder (ABRAMOWITZ; DEACON, 2010, p.104, OLTHUIS; WATT; BAILE; HAYDEN; STEWART, 2015, p.12). While fear is the emotional response to an imminent threat, characterized by an acute autonomic system activation, anxiety is better described as the “anticipation of a future threat” (DONELLI; ANTONELLIA; BELLINAZZIB; GENSINIC; FIRENZUOLID, 2019, p. 2). Anxiety is a disease which affects a large part of the world population. According to (Kessler et al (2007), approximately one in four individuals are likely to have, or have previously had, an anxiety disorder. Keywords: ANXIETY ...

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1.Sousa, R.A, Silva, W.R; Melo, I.F.O, Silva, A.C.P.S, Vasconcelos, S.C; Silva, T.P.S. to report the experience of training in suicide prevention for health professionals in Pernambuco.American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews, 2018, 1:1 
2.Lima E. S., Lima A. D. The Role of the Psychologist in Palliative Care in Response to Patients With Cancer.American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews, 2018, 1:2 

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American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews (ISSN:2637-479X, DOI:10.28933/AJPRR) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Psychiatric Research and Reviews  (Indexing information).

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American Journal of Psychiatric Research and Reviews

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