American Journal of Surgical Research and Reviews


BLUE ROUND SMALL CELL TUMOR: A SURGICAL UPDATE OF DSRCT WITH REVIEW OF LITERATURE ‘A GRIM AFFAIR’

Research Article of American Journal of Surgical Research and Reviews Blue Round Small Cell tumor: A Surgical Update of DSRCT with review of literature ‘A Grim Affair’ Dr.UwaisRiazUlHasan3 M.Med, Dr.Khathija Hasan M.Med, Dr.Farooq Ahmed Qureshi MS, Dr. Victor Effiong Obong M.B.B.Ch, MWACS, Dr.Abdul Aziz Al Nami M.B.B.S, Dr.Ali Ibrahim AlShaqaqiq M.B.B.S, Dr.Mohammad AbdulMajeed Alghadeer M.B.B.S Dr. Marwan Ahmad AlRayhan M.B.B.S, Dr. Mohammed Ali AlJummah M.B.B.S, Dr.Baqer Ali Aldheen M.B.B.S, Dr. Ali Hussain AlRufayi MD, Dr.ShehlaRiazUlHasan Phd. Dr. Moath AbdulAziz AlMasoud2 M.D, Dr. Noura Al Dossary1 Department of General Surgery, Al Omran General Hospital, Al Hassa, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Hospital Director1,Head of department2, Assoc Consultant General Surgeon3 Desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) is a tumor derived from the Greek desmos referring to knot and plasis to formation an uncommon soft tissue malignant tumor, mesenchymal in origin and aggressive with a prelidiction for males and advanced at presentation. It was first described as a distinct clinical entity by Gerald WL and Rosai J (7). There are fewer than 200 reported to date. Depending on the primary site of location the Clinical manifestations vary. As most arise from the abdomen and pelvis they remain asymptomatic till they attain a huge size. Other reported sites are the skull, thorax, and paratesticular region (10,13). We report the case of a 19 yr old male who had non specific abdominal discomfort with asthenia for a period of six months and was referred to us for evaluation of left supraclavicular nodes. The prognosis of Desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) is poor with few surviving less than two years. Keywords: Blue round, Desmoplastic small round cell tumor, Radiology, Multimodal therapy ...

TREATMENT OF “EN COUPE DE SABRE “ LINEAR SCLERODERMA. SOFT TISSUE AUGMENTATION AND REGENERATION BY AUTOLOGOUS FAT TRANSFER

Research Article of American Journal of Surgical Research and Reviews Treatment of “En Coupe De Sabre “ Linear Scleroderma. Soft Tissue Augmentation and Regeneration by Autologous Fat Transfer Luigi Clauser,MD1, Antonio Lucchi,MD1, Carolina Sannino,MD1, and Andrea Edoardo Bianchi,MD1, 2 1Unit of Maxillo-Facial Surgery, Istituto Stomatologico Italiano, Via Pace, 21, 20122 Milano, Italy; 2 University UniCamillus ,Via di Sant’Alessandro,8,00131 Roma,Italy Aim: Frontal linear scleroderma, also known as ‘‘en coup de sabre,’’ is a congenital deformity characterized by atrophy and furrowing of the skin of the front parietal area above the level of the eyebrows. In most cases it occurs as a single paramedian line that may be associated with hypoplasia of underlying structures and facial hemiatrophy. In case of a wide lesion many reconstructive strategies have been proposed. The modern approach is aimed at augmentation of the tissue deficiency by using lipostructure and tissue regeneration. Autologous  fat transfer (AFT) seems to be an effective strategy to restore the normal volume and contour of the face while providing a source of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) with a multilineage differentiation potential. Methods: In this report, we present a rare case of linear scleroderma en coupe de sabre which was successfully managed with three stages of  autologous fat grafting. Conclusion: The proposed uses for ADSCs in tissue repair and regeneration are quite impressive. Recent works on ADSCs would suggest that adult cells may prove to be an equally powerful regenerative tool in treating congenital and acquired maxillofacial disorders. More importantly, physicians, researchers and international associations need to cooperate in informing clinicians about what practices are based on evidence  and to encourage support of additional research. There is increasing interest in a possible therapeutic effect of ADSCs from processed lipoaspirate for a wide spectrum of clinical applications in the facial and craniofacial area. AFT can ...

THE VALIDITY OF PROTEIN S 100B IN MILD PEDIATRIC HEAD TRAUMA

Research Article of American Journal of Surgical Research and Reviews The validity of Protein S 100B in Mild Pediatric Head Trauma Magdy A. Lolah1#, Khaled A. Khalifa2, Tarek M. E. Rageh3,  Adel Hamed Elbaih4#, Mohamed A. Hussein5, Mai T. B. Meshhal6 1Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Egypt 2Department of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Egypt 3Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Egypt 4Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt, and Sulaiman Al-Rajhi University, Clinical Medical Science, Saudi Arabia 5Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Egypt 6*Department of Emergency medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Egypt #Equal contribution Background; S100B has been shown to be beneficial as a biomarker in the treatment of adults with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). The efficacy of S100B as a biomarker in children, on the other hand, has been a subject of debate. Aim and objectives; was to assess the validity of Protein S 100B in Mild Pediatric Head trauma. Subjects and methods; this was a prospective study, included 160 pediatric patients with mild head trauma presented to Emergency Department. Result; A highly significant correlation between Positive S100B protein and traumatic brain injury with S100B protein value 1554.1±84.0 ng/L. A100 had cutoff value for positive CT Brain finding above 987.5 ng/L, The sensitivity was 81.0%, the specificity was 75%%, the NPV was 86%, the PPV was 68%, and overall accuracy 77%. There was none statistical significant difference regarding severity of brain injury and S100 B (P = 0.225), Conclusion; Serum S100B levels cannot be used to substitute clinical examinations or CT scans in identifying pediatric patients with mild head injuries, but they can be used to identify low-risk kids to avoid excessive radiation exposure. Keywords: S100B, biomarker, CT Brain, ...

SMAS-FLAP TRANSPOSITION IN LOWER FACE-LIFT

Research Article of American Journal of Surgical Research and Reviews SMAS-flap transposition in Lower Face-lift Crescenzo D’Onofrio British Day Surgical Centre- Dubai-UAE Tel 971 04 3440300 The superficial musculoaponeurotic system is of fundamental importance in facial anatomy. One of its primary functions is to harmoniously integrate the facial mimic muscles by coordinating their movements with each other. The continuity of the superficial musculoaponeurotic system with the platysma also creates an effective unitary connection with the mandibular and cervical areas. For these areas, where the signs of aging are first shown with soft tissue ptosis and cervical bands, we propose our lower face-lift technique with SMAS-flap transposition. This technique is not characterized by the section of the aponeurosis at the earlobe or lower level and by its rotation, but it is characterized by an higher SMAS section at tragus level with transposition of the mobilized pre-parotid and platysma aponeurosis to the high mastoid area. This manoeuvrer allows us for an effective platysma extension-lift and for his secure fixation to the upper mastoid area, resulting in greater stability and duration of the treatment. Keywords: SMAS-face lif, Lower face lift, Platisma bands, SMAS-flap, SMAS-flap transposition ...

Dr. Karol Szyluk
District Hospital of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery. b41-940 Piekary Śląskie, Bytomska 62 str. POLAND

Dr. Can SARICA
Consultant (Neurosurgery), Adiyaman University School Of Medicine, Department Of Neurosurgery, Adiyaman

Dr. Pallavi Kamra
Pediatrician, Clinicas del Camino Real, Camarillo, CA

Dr. RAÚL GONZÁLEZ-GARCÍA
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial-Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Infanta Cristina, Avenida de Elvas s/n, 06080, Badajoz (Spain)

Dr Amanjot Kaur Riar
Brigham and Women’s Hospital- Harvard Medical School, Department of Medicine, Harvard New Research Building USA

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1.Lima L.F.A., Santos G.A.S., Santana J.F, França L.C, Ramos L.V.S, Maia C.S.A Dentist Surgeon Conduct With Diabetic Patients.American Journal of Surgical Research and Reviews, 2018, 1:3 
2.Albuquerque, S.S.A, Santos, L.C.V, Souza, M.C.C, Carvalho, M.E.P.S, Accioly, C.C, Albuquerque, E.N.Perception and Expression of Emotions: Psychological Intervention With Hospitalized Patients With Diabetis in a Surgical Clinic.American Journal of Surgical Research and Reviews, 2018, 1:5 

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American Journal of Surgical Research and Reviews (ISSN:2637-5087; DOI:10.28933/AJSRR) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Surgical Research and Reviews (Indexing information).

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American Journal of Surgical Research and Reviews

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