Gemeda Terfassa Fida

Adami Tulu Agricultural Research Center

Homegardens (HGs) in South West Ethiopia are well known practices playing an important role in both biodiversity preservation and socioeconomic aspects. However, increased human population in line with scarcity of land for food production and expansion of cash crops in the area have been exerting pressures on its component diversities of which horticultural crops are the major. The aim of this study was to examine trends of horticultural crops production based on local’s point of view and measure currently existing plant diversity in HG (HG) by means of multistage sampling from a total of 133 households and 15 key informants using a semi-structured questionnaire with 9 FGD discussions. Descriptive statistics and multiple linear regressions and measures of diversity indices were used to analyze and interpret the data. The results revealed that the socioeconomic variables had significant effects on farmer’s perception of horticultural crops production trends (58% variance explained). Majority of the respondents agreed that recently progression in horticultural crops production linked with more to the increments in horticultural crops market efficiency. The study also revealed that total of 79 identified plant species that were grouped as herbs (42%) followed by trees (28%), shrubs (24%), and climber (6%). Ecological diversity indices indicated that the existing plant species in the (HGs) of the study area have moderately high biodiversity and species richness.

Keywords: Home garden, Agroforestry, Horticultural crop, production trends, Biosphere Reserve, Biodiversity

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