Village Chicken Breeding Objectives and Trait Preferences of Chicken Producers

Village Chicken Breeding Objectives and Trait Preferences of Chicken Producers

Birhan kassa1, Yosef Tadesse2, Wondmeneh Esatu3 and Tadelle Dessie3

1Andassa Livestock Research Center of Amhara Regional Agricultural Research Institute,, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia 2Haramaya University College of Agriculture and Environmental Science,, Haramaya, Ethiopia 3International Livestock Research Institute,, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

This study was carried out to generate baseline information on village chicken production objective, breeding practice and trait preference of chicken producers in South Achefre, Banija and FagitaLekoma districts of western Amhara. Multi-stage sampling procedures were employed to select the study villages and respondents, where nine villages and 180 respondents were selected by purposive and random sampling techniques, respectively. Data were collected by individual survey using Open Data Kit. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics of SPSS version 20 and ranking index. The main purposes of keeping chicken in the study area are the sale of egg and live adult chicken and farmers have a multiple breeding practice. The exotic breed was the first priority of chicken producers. The three most preferred traits for the selection of breeding hen are egg production trait, disease resistance and mothering ability, while the three most preferred traits for the selection of breeding cock are body conformation/ physical appearance, body size and disease resistance. Comprehensible knowledge on breeding practices, objectives and trait preferences of chicken owners are crucial for the development of holistic and applicable genetic improvement programs. Hence, production objectives and trait preference should incorporate in designing genetic improvement breeding programs to assure sustainable utilization and improvement of indigenous chickens.

Keywords: Breeding hen, Breeding practices, Breeding objectives, Trait preference

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How to cite this article:
Birhan kassa, Yosef Tadesse, Wondmeneh Esatu and Tadelle Dessie. Village Chicken Breeding Objectives and Trait Preferences of Chicken Producers.Advances in Research and Reviews, 2020,1:3


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