The Excellence of Pharmacy Practice


The Excellence of Pharmacy Practice


AK Mohiuddin

Department of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh, Bangladesh


Global Journal of Library and Information Science

Over the past 50 years, the role of pharmacists has evolved along with the health care needs of our population. In addition to dispensing medications and ensuring patient safety, today’s pharmacists are taking a larger role as medical counselors, educators and advocates. They are integral part of the health care team, and are among the most trusted and accessible health care professionals. This accessibility allows them to perform more patient care activities, including counseling, medication management, and preventive care screenings. Beyond the care provided to individual patients, pharmacists have expanded their reach to influence the public health of communities. A pharmacist is uniquely positioned to provide disease state management through appropriate medication therapy management that has been demonstrated to improve patient outcomes and decrease overall health care costs. This role is more important than ever as the environment is demanding new practice and payment models that are required to further optimize care and outcomes while addressing the unsustainable increases in health care costs.

Abbreviations: American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP); American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists (AAPS); American College of Clinical Pharmacy (ACCP), Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE); American Pharmacists Association (APhA); Academy of Pharmacy Practice and Management (APPM); Academy of Pharmaceutical Research and Science (APRS); Academy of Students of Pharmacy (ASP); American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP); American Society of Consultant Pharmacists (ASCP); Direct and Indirect Remuneration (DIR) Health Related Quality of Life (HRQL); National Community Pharmacists Association (NCPA); National Association of Retail Druggists (NARD); Royal Pharmaceutical Society (RPS); Medication-Related Problems (MRPs); Clinical Pharmacist Practitioner (CPP); Health Maintenance Organizations (HMOs); Interprofessional collaboration (IPC); Emergency Operations Plan (EOP); Joint Commission of Pharmacy Practitioners (JCPP); Pharmacists’ Patient Care Process (PPCP); Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE)


Keywords:  Drug Interaction (DI); Health Management Organizations (HMO); Over the Counter (OTC) Drugs; Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI); Patient Compliance


Free Full-text PDF


How to cite this article:
AK Mohiuddin.The Excellence of Pharmacy Practice. Global Journal of Library and Information Science, 2019, 2:11


References:

1. APhA. Principles of Practice for Pharmaceutical Care. Available From: https://www.pharmacist.com/principles-practice-pharmaceutical-care
2. Jaiprakash V. Kokan, Pawan S. Avhad Role of Pharmacist in Health Care System The Journal of Community Health Management, January-March 2016;3(1):37-40
3. Stephanie Y. Crawford Pharmacists’ Roles in Health Promotion and Disease Prevention American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education 2005; 69 (4) Article 73
4. Ferreri SP, Cross LB, Hanes SD, Jenkins T, Meyer D, Pittenger A. Academic Pharmacy: Where is Our Influence?. Am J Pharm Educ. 2017;81(4):63.
5. Page E. How pharmacists can start a career in the pharmaceutical industry. The Pharmaceutical Journal 9 MAR 2015.
6. Flink JL. Chapter 1. Scope of Pharmacy. In: Remington: The Science And Practice Of Pharmacy. Author: Joseph P Remington; Paul Beringer Publisher: Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2006.
7. Atkinson J, De Paepe K, Pozo AS, et al. A Study on How Industrial Pharmacists Rank Competences for Pharmacy Practice: A Case for Industrial Pharmacy Specialization. Pharmacy (Basel). 2016;4(1):13. Published 2016 Feb 6. doi:10.3390/pharmacy4010013
8. Chisholm-Burns MA, Gatwood J, Spivey CA. Economic Analysis of Obtaining a PharmD Degree and Career as a Pharmacist. Am J Pharm Educ. 2015;79(8):117.
9. Brazeau GA, Meyer SM, Belsey M, et al. Preparing pharmacy graduates for traditional and emerging career opportunities. Am J Pharm Educ. 2009;73(8):157.
10. Rossheim J. Diverse Opportunities Await Pharmacists in Industry. Available From: https://www.monster.com/career-advice/article/pharma-industry-jobs-for-pharmacists
11. Wiedenmayer K, Summers RS, Mackie CA and others. Developing pharmacy practice A focus on patient care HANDBOOK – 2006 EDITION. Available From: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/69399/?sequence=1
12. The Health Promotion Strategic Framework. Available From: https://www.healthpromotion.ie/hp-files/docs/HPSF_HSE.pdf
13. Tseng A, Foisy M, Hughes CA, et al. Role of the Pharmacist in Caring for Patients with HIV/AIDS: Clinical Practice Guidelines. Can J Hosp Pharm. 2012;65(2):125-45.
14. NICE. Contraceptive services for under 25s. Public health guideline Published: 26 March 2014
15. Tong S, Amand C, Kieffer A, Kyaw MH. Trends in healthcare utilization and costs associated with pneumonia in the United States during 2008-2014. BMC Health Serv Res. 2018;18(1):715. Published 2018 Sep 14. doi:10.1186/s12913-018-3529-4
16. Katoue MG. Role of pharmacists in providing parenteral nutrition support: current insights and future directions. Integr Pharm Res Pract. 2018;7:125-140. Published 2018 Oct 2. doi:10.2147/IPRP.S117118
17. Gelayee DA, Mekonnen GB. Pharmacy students’ provision of health promotion counseling services during a community pharmacy clerkship: a cross sectional study, Northwest Ethiopia. BMC Med Educ. 2018;18(1):95. Published 2018 May 4. doi:10.1186/s12909-018-1216-0
18. Saxena P, Mishra A, Nigam A. Evaluation of Pharmacists’ Services for Dispensing Emergency Contraceptive Pills in Delhi, India: A Mystery Shopper Study. Indian J Community Med. 2016;41(3):198-202.
19. Chin-Quee DS, Stanback J, Orr T. Family planning provision in pharmacies and drug shops: an urgent prescription. Contraception. 2018 Nov;98(5):379-382. doi: 10.1016/j.contraception.2018.08.013. Epub 2018 Aug 28. PubMed PMID: 30170029.
20. Santschi V, Chiolero A, Paradis G, Colosimo AL, Burnand B. Pharmacist interventions to improve cardiovascular disease risk factors in diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Diabetes Care. 2012;35(12):2706-17.
21. FIP. Pharmacists supporting Women and responsible use of medicines. Empowering informal caregivers 2018. Available From: https://www.fip.org/files/fip/publications/Pharmacists-supporting-women-responsible-use-medicines.pdf
22. Toklu HZ, Hussain A. The changing face of pharmacy practice and the need for a new model of pharmacy education. J Young Pharm. 2013;5(2):38-40.
23. Ali A, Katz DL. Disease Prevention and Health Promotion: How Integrative Medicine Fits. Am J Prev Med. 2015;49(5 Suppl 3): S230-40.
24. Institute for Work & Health (Toronto). What researchers mean by Primary, secondary and tertiary prevention. Published: April 2015
25. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine; Health and Medicine Division; Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice; Committee on Community-Based Solutions to Promote Health Equity in the United States; Baciu A, Negussie Y, Geller A, et al., editors. Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2017 Jan 11. 8, Community Tools to Promote Health Equity.
26. Pharmacy Board of Australia. Guidelines for dispensing of medicines. Available From: http://apps.who.int/medicinedocs/en/m/abstract/Js17807en/
27. Management Sciences for health (2012). chapter 30. Ensuring good dispensing practices. Available From: http://apps.who.int/medicinedocs/documents/s19607en/s19607en.pdf
28. Management Sciences for health (2012). chapter 45. Hospital pharmacy management. Available From: http://apps.who.int/medicinedocs/documents/s19622en/s19622en.pdf
29. Warner DJ (ASHP). The Clinical Pharmacists’ Role in Patient Safety. Available From: https://www.hamad.qa/EN/All-Events/CPC/Program/Documents/David-Warner-Plenary1.pdf
30. FIP. Revised Fip Basel Statements On The Future Of Hospital Pharmacy. Approved September 2014, Bangkok, Thailand, as revisions of the initial 2008 version.
31. Goundrey-Smith S. The Connected Community Pharmacy: Benefits for Healthcare and Implications for Health Policy. Front Pharmacol. 2018;9:1352. Published 2018 Nov 28. doi:10.3389/fphar.2018.01352
32. Schwartzberg E, Nathan JP, Avron S, Marom E. Clinical and other specialty services offered by pharmacists in the community: the international arena and Israel. Isr J Health Policy Res. 2018;7(1):59. Published 2018 Dec 1. doi:10.1186/s13584-018-0251-y
33. Scott DM. United States Health Care System: A Pharmacy Perspective. Can J Hosp Pharm. 2016;69(4):306-15.
34. Hermansyah A, Sainsbury E, Krass I. Multiple policy approaches in improving community pharmacy practice: the case in Indonesia. BMC Health Serv Res. 2018;18(1):449. Published 2018 Jun 14. doi:10.1186/s12913-018-3258-8
35. Barber N, Smith F, Anderson S. Improving quality of health care: the role of pharmacists. Improving quality of health care: the role of pharmacists Quality in Health Care 1994;3:153-158
36. Mahmoodpoor A, Kalami A, Shadvar K, Entezari-Maleki T, Hamishehkar H. Evaluation of Clinical Pharmacy Services in the Intensive Care Unit of a Tertiary University Hospital in the Northwest of Iran. J Res Pharm Pract. 2018;7(1):30-35.
37. Dalton K, Byrne S. Role of the pharmacist in reducing healthcare costs: current insights. Integr Pharm Res Pract. 2017;6:37-46. Published 2017 Jan 25. doi:10.2147/IPRP.S108047
38. Lampkin SJ, Gildon B, Benavides S, Walls K, Briars L. Considerations for Providing Ambulatory Pharmacy Services for Pediatric Patients. J Pediatr Pharmacol Ther. 2018;23(1):4-17.
39. de Barra M, Scott CL, Scott NW, Johnston M, de Bruin M, Nkansah N, Bond CM, Matheson CI, Rackow P, Williams AJ, Watson MC. Pharmacist services for non-hospitalised patients. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Sep 4;9:CD013102. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD013102. Review. PubMed PMID: 30178872.
40. Hawes EM, Misita C, Burkhart JI, McKnight L, Deyo ZM, Lee RA, Howard C, Eckel SF. Prescribing pharmacists in the ambulatory care setting: Experience at the University of North Carolina Medical Center. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2016 Sep 15;73(18):1425-33. doi: 10.2146/ajhp150771. PubMed PMID: 27605321.
41. de Sousa IC, de Lima David JP, Noblat Lde A. A drug information center module to train pharmacy students in evidence-based practice. Am J Pharm Educ. 2013;77(4):80.
42. Alamri SA, Ali Al Jaizani R, Naqvi AA, Ghamdi MSA. Assessment of Drug Information Service in Public and Private Sector Tertiary Care Hospitals in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. Pharmacy (Basel). 2017;5(3):37. Published 2017 Jul 4. doi:10.3390/pharmacy5030037
43. WHO web. The Role of the Pharmacist in the Health-Care System – Preparing the Future Pharmacist: Curricular Development, Report of a Third WHO Consultative Group on the Role of the Pharmacist Vancouver, Canada, 27-29 August 1997
44. Malone PM, Fagan NL, Malesker MA; Nelson PJ. Chapter 12. Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee. In: Drug Information: A Guide for Pharmacists, Fourth Edition (Drug Information (McGraw-Hill)) 4th by Patrick M. Malone, Karen L. Kier, John E. Stanovich, Published by McGraw-Hill Medical; 4 edition (August 17, 2011)
45. Scott DM, Strand M, Undem T, Anderson G, Clarens A, Liu X. Assessment of pharmacists’ delivery of public health services in rural and urban areas in Iowa and North Dakota. Pharm Pract (Granada). 2016;14(4):836.
46. Bradley F, Seston E, Mannall C, Cutts C. Evolution of the general practice pharmacist’s role in England: a longitudinal study. Br J Gen Pract. 2018;68(675):e727-e734.
47. Green BN, Johnson CD. Interprofessional collaboration in research, education, and clinical practice: working together for a better future. J Chiropr Educ. 2015;29(1):1-10.
48. Bridges DR, Davidson RA, Odegard PS, Maki IV, Tomkowiak J. Interprofessional collaboration: three best practice models of interprofessional education. Med Educ Online. 2011;16:10.3402/meo.v16i0.6035. Published 2011 Apr 8. doi:10.3402/meo.v16i0.6035
49. Stringer K, Curran V, Asghari S. Pharmacists and family physicians: improving interprofessional collaboration through joint understanding of our competencies. Front Pharmacol. 2013;4:151. Published 2013 Dec 5. doi:10.3389/fphar.2013.00151
50. Bell C, Daniel S. Pharmacy Leader’s Role in Hospital Emergency Preparedness Planning. Hosp Pharm. 2014;49(4):398-404.
51. Boechler L, Despins R, Holmes J, et al. Advocacy in pharmacy: Changing “what is” into “what should be”. Can Pharm J (Ott). 2015;148(3):138-41.
52. Cooley J, Lee J. Implementing the Pharmacists’ Patient Care Process at a Public Pharmacy School. Am J Pharm Educ. 2018;82(2):6301.
53. Galal SM, Carr-Lopez SM, Gomez S, et al. A collaborative approach to combining service, teaching, and research. Am J Pharm Educ. 2014;78(3):58.
54. Reidt S, Morgan J, Larson T, Blade MA. The role of a pharmacist on the home care team: a collaborative model between a college of pharmacy and a visiting nurse agency. Home Healthc Nurse. 2013 Feb;31(2):80-7; quiz 88-9. doi: 10.1097/NHH.0b013e3182778f5f. PubMed PMID: 23314201.
55. Brown MT, Bussell JK. Medication adherence: WHO cares?. Mayo Clin Proc. 2011;86(4):304-14.
56. The Pfizer Guide To Careers In Pharmacy. Published by ECOF: HIGH DENSITY MOBILE FILING SYSTEM, 2017-10-17 03:58:51 Available From: http://fliphtml5.com/lnym/tjzn/basic/101-150
57. John C. The changing role of the pharmacist in the 21st century. The Pharmaceutical Journal8 JAN 2018.
58. Barrett J. Pharmacists Play Key Role in the Future of Health Care. Pharmacy Times JUNE 07, 2017.
59. Pharmacy Schools Council. The future role of the pharmacist. News 26.03.18
60. Byne T. What Could the Role of the Pharmacist be in the Future? British Pharmaceutical Students’ Association (BPSA) News.
61. Baker KR. Two Crucial Skills Pharmacists Will Need to Succeed in the Future. DrugTopics Mar 5, 2018
62. Warner B. Wanted: young pharmacists to shape the future. NHS England Blog 29 January 2018.
63. Pharmacy’s Global Transformation Is Pharma’s Opportunity. McCANN Health March 2017.