Inter-Ethnic Conflict Resolution by Local Peace Committee: The Case of Afar-Amhara Conflict


Inter-Ethnic Conflict Resolution by Local Peace Committee: The Case of Afar-Amhara Conflict


Belay Asmare

Woldia University, Department of Political Science and International Relations


Over the years, the Afar and Amhara people of the North Eastern Ethiopia have locked horns over the control of resources. The federal government delegated power to the two regional governments to settle the conflict between the two ethnic groups. However, efforts made by this tier of governments are failed to stop the conflict in the area. As a result, they established the joint LPCs made up of local people from both ethnic groups. Hence, the objective of this study was to investigate the process, challenges and opportunities of these LPC in its conflict resolution journey. To this attempt, the study employed both primary and secondary data sources. The study revealed that the LPCs employ series of process to resolve the conflict in the study area. Besides, it identifies a number of glaring challenges that the LPCs faced with. Despite the challenges that the LPCs faced with, the study further identifies the existence of opportunities which can positively benefit the LPCs to transform the conflict in the study area. In nutshell, the LPCs are found to be very important institutions in conflict resolution and promoting peace in the study area. Therefore, the study recommended those governmental and non-governmental agencies, the LPC members, the community, and intellectuals altogether should strive to decrease the challenges and promote the opportunities of these LPCs to solve the Afar-Amhara conflicts at the border.


Keywords: Afar, Amhara, conflict resolution, inter-ethnic conflict, Local Peace Committees (LPCs)


Free Full-text PDF


How to cite this article:
Belay Asmare. Inter-Ethnic Conflict Resolution by Local Peace Committee: The Case of Afar-Amhara Conflict. Global Journal of Religions, 2020,2:5


References:

1. Abbink, J. (2006). Ethnicity and Conflict generation in Ethiopia.Some problems and prospects
2. of ethno-regional federalism. Journal of contemporary African studies 24(3): 389-413
3. Abrha, T. (2012). Dynamics of Inter-Communal Conflicts in Northeastern Ethiopia: The Case of Wejerat and their neighboring Afar. Mulugeta Berhe (ed.). Anthology of Peace and Security Research. Institute for Peace and Security Studies, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
4. Adan, M. &Pkalya, R. (2006). The Concept of Peace Committee: A Snapshot Analysis of the Concept Peace committee in relation to peace building initiatives in Kenya.
5. Admasu, B. (2016). Inter-Ethnic Conflict in North Easten Ethiopia.The Case of Amhar-Afar Conflict. A research paper submitted to the Department of Civics and Ethics, College of Law and Governance of Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia.
6. Alem, H. (2004). Ethnic Pluralism as an Organizing Principle of the Ethiopian Federation. Queens College/CUNY. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.
7. Anteneh, A. (2013). The practice of inter-ethnic conflict transformation in Ethiopia. The caseof Amhara-Afar conflict in Kewot and Semurobi Gela Alo wereda. Anthology of Peace, Volume IV:49-74
8. Assefa, F. (2003). Federalism and the Threat of Local Tyranny. The Case of Ethiopia, ‟ Horn of Africa v. XXI (2003): 63-87.
9. Bekelle, H. (2010). Conflict between Afar Pastoralists and their Neighbors. Triggers and Motivations. International Journal of Conflict and Violence. Vol. 4. Ethiopian Civil Service College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
10. Beken, C. V. (2007). ‘Ethiopia: From a Centralized Monarchy to a Federal Republic,’ Afrika Focus Vol. 20, pp. 13-48.
11. Eskindir, T. (2013). The role of Gender Equality in Promoting Peace and Development. The Case of Awra Amba Community in Fogera Woreda of Amhara National Regional State. Anthology of Peace, Volume IV:112-133
12. Getachew, K. (2010). Pastoral Resource Competition and Conflicts between the Afar and the Issa Somali and the efforts to resolve it, Northeastern Ethiopia. Proceedings from a Workshop on Conflict Resolution Organized by the Drylands Coordination Group (DCG.Nazreth, Ethiopia.
13. Glowacki, L.,& Gonc, K.( 2013).Investigating the Potential of Peace Committees in Ethiopia: ANeed Assessment in IGAD CEWARN’S Karamoja and Somali Cluster.
14. Habru Woreda, (2014). Habru Woreda Security Office, North Wollo Administrative Zone, Mersa, Ethiopia.
15. Habtamu, W. (2013). Federalism and Conflicts Management in Ethiopia: Social Psychological Analysis of the opportunities and challenges. (Discussion Paper Presented for HOF). PSS/AAU.
16. Jemal, S. ( 2012), Inter-Ethnic Conflict Transformation: the Case of Raya Kobo and Afar Ethnic Groups. Addis Ababa University. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
17. Mamdani, M. (2009). Saviours and Survivors. Darfur, Politics and the War on Terror. HSRC Press, Fort Hare University, Cape Town, South Africa.
18. Mekonnen, D. (2010). Indigenous legal tradition as a supplement to African transitional justice initiatives. African Journal on Conflict resolution, 10 (3), pp. 111–122.
19. Mkutu, K. A. (2008). Guns and Governance in the Rift Valley: Pastoralist Conflicts and Small Arms. Indiana University Press, India.
20. Nader, L. (1968). “Conflict: Anthropological Aspect.” In International encyclopedia of the social Science: vol.3, pp.230-241. New York.
21. Odendaal, A. (2010). Architecture for Building Peace at the Local Level: A Comparative Study of Local Peace Committees. United Nations Development Programme, Washington DC, SA.
22. Oliver, P. (2009). Writing Your Thesis. New Delhi: Sage Publications, India Pvt Ltd, 2nd Edition.
23. Schellenberg, J. (1996). Conflict Resolution: Theory, Research and Practice. New York: State University of New York Press, Albania, United States of America.
24. Tadesse, B. and Yonas, A. (2005). Afar- The Impact of Local Conflict on Regional Stability. Institute for Security Studies. Capture Press. Pretoria, South Africa.
25. Tewodros, K. (2017). Inter-ethnic conflict Transformation in North Eastern Ethiopia: The case of Habru and chifra woredas, unpublished MA thesis submitted to Bahir Dar University.Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
26. Sisay, G. (2007). What Role should Civil Society Organizations Play to Address Ethnic Conflict in Ethiopia. Paper presented at the Fourth International Conference on Ethiopian Development Studies (4th ICEDS) on the challenges and opportunities for peace & development in Ethiopia& Northeast Africa. Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, USA.
27. Unruh, J. (2006). Changing Conflict Resolution Institutions in Pastoral Commons: The Role of Armed Confrontation in Rule Making. Geo Journal.64: 225-237.
28. Van Tongeren, P. (2011). Increasing Interest in Infrastructure for Peace. Journal of Conflictology, 2(2), 45-55.
29. Wolff, S. (2006). Ethnic Conflicts: A Global Perspective. Oxford: Oxford University Press. xvii, 220 pp.
30. Woubishet, S. (2011). Spirit Medium as an Institution for dispute resolution in North Shoa: The case of Wofa Legesse. In: Yntiso et al. eds., pp. 181–201