Epidemiological Profile and Histopathological Aspects of Malignant Tumors of Testicle in Yaounde and Douala (Cameroon)

Epidemiological Profile and Histopathological Aspects of Malignant Tumors of Testicle in Yaounde and Douala (Cameroon)

Jean Paul Ndamba Engbang a,b; Hervé Moby b,c; Zacharie Sandoc , Gabriel Hervé Omgba Ndib, Amadou Fewoud e

aDouala Laquintinie Hospital, Douala,Cameroon; bFaculty of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences of University of Douala, Douala,Cameroon); cNkongsamba Regional Hospital, Nkongsamba,Cameroon; dFaculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences ofUniversity of Yaoundé1, Yaounde,Cameroon; eDouala General Hospital, Douala, (Cameroon)

Global Journal of Urology and Nephrology

Objective: Determine the epidemiological profile and histopathological aspects of testicular cancer in the two major cities of Cameroon, Yaoundé and Douala.
Patients and methods: It was a retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study conducted in the reference structures approved for anatomopathological examination in Yaoundé and Douala. The study was conducted over a 17-year period (2001-2017). We included all cases of histologically confirmed testicular tumors. Variables included frequency, year of diagnosis, sociodemographic data, clinical aspects, types of sampling, gross macroscopy, and histological types.
Results: We collected 81 cases of testicular tumors (49 benign tumors and 32 malignant tumors), with a mean age of diagnosis of 36.27 ± 18.9 years. For malignant tumors, the mean age was 40.25 ± 25.02 years, the predominant age group was 20-29 years (25%), the predominant type of specimen was the orchidectomy %, the predominant histological types were germ cell tumors with 30% seminomas.
Conclusion: Testicular tumoral pathology affects more young man and is dominated by seminoma-type germ tumors.

Keywords: Malignant testicular tumors; Epidemiology; Histology; Cameroon

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How to cite this article:
Jean Paul Ndamba Engbang; Hervé Moby; Zacharie Sando , Gabriel Hervé Omgba Ndi, Amadou Fewou. Epidemiological Profile and Histopathological Aspects of Malignant Tumors of Testicle in Yaounde and Douala (Cameroon). Global Journal of Urology and Nephrology, 2018, 1:9. DOI:10.28933/gjun-2018-12-0506

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