Urology and Nephrology

  • Epidemiological Profile and Histopathological Aspects of Malignant Tumors of Testicle in Yaounde and Douala (Cameroon)

    Epidemiological Profile and Histopathological Aspects of Malignant Tumors of Testicle in Yaounde and Douala (Cameroon) Jean Paul Ndamba Engbang a,b; Hervé Moby b,c; Zacharie Sandoc , Gabriel Hervé Omgba Ndib, Amadou Fewoud e aDouala Laquintinie Hospital, Douala,Cameroon; bFaculty of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences of University of Douala, Douala,Cameroon); cNkongsamba Regional Hospital, Nkongsamba,Cameroon; dFaculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences ofUniversity of Yaoundé1, Yaounde,Cameroon; eDouala General Hospital, Douala, (Cameroon) Objective: Determine the epidemiological profile and histopathological aspects of testicular cancer in the two…

  • Treatment and Prevention of Urolithiasis in patients with stones of various locations

    Treatment and Prevention of Urolithiasis in patients with stones of various locations Armais Kamalov1,2, Valery Karpov1,2,3, Aleksei Nizov1,2, Igor Otvetchikov3, David Kamalov1,2, Dmitry Ohobotov1,2, Alexander Tivtikyan2 1Moscow Research and Education Center of the Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia; 2Urology and Andrology Department, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Fundamental Medicine, Moscow, Russia; 3Urology and Andrology Department, State Budgetary Institution “City Clinical Hospital №17” of the Public Health Department of Moscow, Moscow, Russia The study goal was to find the…

  • The transurethral resection of the Prostate (TURP) syndrome and acute dilutional hyponatraemia (HN): A comprehensive literature review from first incidence in 1947 to disappearance in 2018

    The transurethral resection of the Prostate (TURP) syndrome and acute dilutional hyponatraemia (HN): A comprehensive literature review from first incidence in 1947 to disappearance in 2018 Ahmed N. Ghanem 1, Salma A. Ghanem2, Khalid A. Ghanem3 and Nisha Pindoria 4 No1 President Mubarak Street, Mansoura 35511, Egypt. Introduction and objective: To report on the literature review on the TURP syndrome from its first report in 1947 to disappearance from urology in 2018 Material and methods: The literature on the TURP…

  • A Practical Approach for Pathophysiological Diagnosis of Refractory Hypokalemia

    A Practical Approach for Pathophysiological Diagnosis of Refractory Hypokalemia Mohamed Foda Hendi, Zeyad Faoor Alrais, Hesham El Kholy Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Rashid Hospital, Dubai health Authority, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Hypokalemia is a common finding in hospitalized patients. In most cases the cause will be obvious. However, in a subgroup of patients the cause is occasionally uncertain and establishing the diagnosis may present difficulties and can become a challenge. In such cases, measurement of urinary indices e.g. trans-tubular…

  • Renal Ischemia-reperfusion Induces Renal Collagen Deposition Through Nadph Oxidase Activation in Rats

    Renal Ischemia-reperfusion Induces Renal Collagen Deposition Through Nadph Oxidase Activation in Rats Oliveira, A. G 1; Farias, W. R. A. 2; Lima, N. K. S. 3; Paixão. A. D. O 4; Vieira-Filho, L. D. 5 1Estudante do Curso de Farmácia – UFPE; 2,3Estudante do Programa de Pós-graduação em Bioquímica e Fisiologia – UFPE; 3,4 Docente do Departamento de Fisiologia e Farmacologia – UFPE Introduction:Acute kidney injury (AKI) may predispose the onset of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and hypertension through changes…

  • Histomorphometric Evaluation of the Renal Corpuscles of Mice Treated With Poly-ε-caprolactone Micro-spheres Containing Usnic Acid From the Acute Toxicity Test

    Histomorphometric Evaluation of the Renal Corpuscles of Mice Treated With Poly-ε-caprolactone Micro-spheres Containing Usnic Acid From the Acute Toxicity Test Oliveira, K.T.S1; Federici, K.A2; Silva, I.B3; Falcão, T.A4; Barbosa, J.A.P5; Santana, M.A.N6 1,2Students of the Bachelor degree in Nursing – FACOTTUR; 3Researcher at the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences – UFPE. 4,5,6Professor/Researcher of the Nursing Course – FACOTTUR. Introdution: Usnic acid, a hydrophobic lichen metabolite, has been highlighted in the literature with several biological activities, such as: anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antimicrobial, antiviral,…

  • Importance of Early Diagnosis and Treatment in Cases of Phenylketonuria

    Importance of Early Diagnosis and Treatment in Cases of Phenylketonuria Silva K.B¹, Pinheiro M.M.A², Filho S.L.V.N³ 1Nutricionista Residente em Oncologia e Cuidados Paliativos ASCES UNITA; 2Nutricionista Graduada pelo UNIFAVIP/DeVry; 3Nutricionista Mestrando no Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde as Criança e do Adolescente do Centro de Ciências da Saúde-UFPE Introduction: Phenylketonuria is a hereditary disease characterized by the absence of the enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase, which converts the amino acid phenylalanine to tyrosine. Phenylalanine, accumulates in the body, and confers toxicity mainly…

  • The Gestacional Diabetes Mellitus Approach and Their Implications

    The Gestacional Diabetes Mellitus Approach and Their Implications Silva A.C.M.¹; Xavier A.C.C.¹; Oliveira E.F.S.¹, Torres G.S.S.¹; Silva V.P.B¹; Cordeiro R.P.² 1Pharmacy students of the Academic Center Tabosa de Almeida – ASCES-UNITA, Caruaru-PE; ²University Professor of the Academic Center Tabosa de Almeida – ASCES-UNITA, Caruaru-PE. Background: Diabetes mellitus is a clinical syndrome characterized by hyperglycemia due to a deficiency or decrease of insulin, causing metabolic disorders of carbohydrates, water, electrolytes, lipids and proteins, this affects the pancreatic function until the rupture…

  • Self-care of the Patient With Diabetes Mellitus: Strategy to Prevent Complications of the Disease

    Self-care of the Patient With Diabetes Mellitus: Strategy to Prevent Complications of the Disease Santos, G.M1, Silva, J.F.S1, Bernardino, L.C.O¹, Silva, V.M1, Godone, R.L.N2; Wanderley, M.C.A2 ¹Student of the Biomedicine Course, UNINASSAU Faculty – Caruaru; ²Teacher of the Biomedicine Course, Faculty UNINASSAU – Caruaru Introduction: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is considered one of the most frequent diseases. Diabetic patients are very concerned about general health changes and early or late complications that this chronic disease can bring. Health education, associated with…