Urology and Nephrology

  • Large urinary bladder leiomyoma causing right hydronephrosis, a rare case report: diagnosis and management

    Large urinary bladder leiomyoma causing right hydronephrosis, a rare case report: diagnosis and management Manjeet Kumar1, Kailash barwal1, Girish Kumar1, Kalpesh Mahesh Parmar2, Pamposh raina1 1 Department of Urology, IGMC, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India 2 Department of Urology, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India Background Leiomyoma of the urinary bladder is a rare tumor despite the routine use of ultrasonography. These tumors are typically asymptomatic, sometimes present with hematuria, dysuria, and bladder outlet obstruction. Leiomyoma is a benign tumor which is detected incidentally…

  • Mineral-Bone Disorders in Chronic Hemodialysis Patients in Sub-Saharan Africa: Dakar Experience (Senegal West Africa)

    Mineral-Bone Disorders in Chronic Hemodialysis Patients in Sub-Saharan Africa: Dakar Experience (Senegal West Africa) LEMRABOTT Ahmet Tall2, KANE Yaya1 *, FAYE Maria2, FALL Khodia2, BANGOURA Mohamed1, FAYE Moustapha1, DIA Gueye Diatou3 , AIDARA Chérif Mohamadou1, CISSE M Moustapha4, SECK S Mohamed3, KA El Hadji Fary2, NIANG Abdou2, DIOUF Boucar2 1Nephrology and Hemodialysis Department – Orthopedic, Radiology Department, Peace Hospital, Assane Seck University, ZIGUINCHOR, Senegal; 2Nephrology and Hemodialysis Department, UCAD HALD, Dakar; 3Nephrology, Hemodialysis and internal medicine Department, CHR, St. Louis,…

  • Illusive Dynamic Nadirs and Masks of Postoperative Hyponatraemia and the TURP Syndrome: Volumetric Overload Over Time (VO/T) Concept for Resolving its Puzzle

    Illusive Dynamic Nadirs and Masks of Postoperative Hyponatraemia and the TURP Syndrome: Volumetric Overload Over Time (VO/T) Concept for Resolving its Puzzle Ahmed N. Ghanem1*, Khalid A Ghanem2, Salma A. Ghanem3, Nisha Pindoria4 and Yasmina Saad Elsayed5. 1.Mansoura University,No1 President Mubarak Street, Mansoura 35511, Egypt. 2Mansoura University Hospital, Mansoura 35511, Egypt. 3.Barts & The Royal London NHS Trust,Royal London Hospital,Whitechapel road Whitechapel,London,E1 1BB;4.North Middlesex University Hospital,Sterling Way,London ,N18 1QX; 5. Mansoura University Hospital, Mansoura 35511, Egypt Introduction and Objective Postoperative…

  • Epidemiological Profile and Histopathological Aspects of Malignant Tumors of Testicle in Yaounde and Douala (Cameroon)

    Epidemiological Profile and Histopathological Aspects of Malignant Tumors of Testicle in Yaounde and Douala (Cameroon) Jean Paul Ndamba Engbang a,b; Hervé Moby b,c; Zacharie Sandoc , Gabriel Hervé Omgba Ndib, Amadou Fewoud e aDouala Laquintinie Hospital, Douala,Cameroon; bFaculty of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences of University of Douala, Douala,Cameroon); cNkongsamba Regional Hospital, Nkongsamba,Cameroon; dFaculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences ofUniversity of Yaoundé1, Yaounde,Cameroon; eDouala General Hospital, Douala, (Cameroon) Objective: Determine the epidemiological profile and histopathological aspects of testicular cancer in the two…

  • Treatment and Prevention of Urolithiasis in patients with stones of various locations

    Treatment and Prevention of Urolithiasis in patients with stones of various locations Armais Kamalov1,2, Valery Karpov1,2,3, Aleksei Nizov1,2, Igor Otvetchikov3, David Kamalov1,2, Dmitry Ohobotov1,2, Alexander Tivtikyan2 1Moscow Research and Education Center of the Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia; 2Urology and Andrology Department, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Fundamental Medicine, Moscow, Russia; 3Urology and Andrology Department, State Budgetary Institution “City Clinical Hospital №17” of the Public Health Department of Moscow, Moscow, Russia The study goal was to find the…

  • The transurethral resection of the Prostate (TURP) syndrome and acute dilutional hyponatraemia (HN): A comprehensive literature review from first incidence in 1947 to disappearance in 2018

    The transurethral resection of the Prostate (TURP) syndrome and acute dilutional hyponatraemia (HN): A comprehensive literature review from first incidence in 1947 to disappearance in 2018 Ahmed N. Ghanem 1, Salma A. Ghanem2, Khalid A. Ghanem3 and Nisha Pindoria 4 No1 President Mubarak Street, Mansoura 35511, Egypt. Introduction and objective: To report on the literature review on the TURP syndrome from its first report in 1947 to disappearance from urology in 2018 Material and methods: The literature on the TURP…

  • A Practical Approach for Pathophysiological Diagnosis of Refractory Hypokalemia

    A Practical Approach for Pathophysiological Diagnosis of Refractory Hypokalemia Mohamed Foda Hendi, Zeyad Faoor Alrais, Hesham El Kholy Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Rashid Hospital, Dubai health Authority, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Hypokalemia is a common finding in hospitalized patients. In most cases the cause will be obvious. However, in a subgroup of patients the cause is occasionally uncertain and establishing the diagnosis may present difficulties and can become a challenge. In such cases, measurement of urinary indices e.g. trans-tubular…

  • Renal Ischemia-reperfusion Induces Renal Collagen Deposition Through Nadph Oxidase Activation in Rats

    Renal Ischemia-reperfusion Induces Renal Collagen Deposition Through Nadph Oxidase Activation in Rats Oliveira, A. G 1; Farias, W. R. A. 2; Lima, N. K. S. 3; Paixão. A. D. O 4; Vieira-Filho, L. D. 5 1Estudante do Curso de Farmácia – UFPE; 2,3Estudante do Programa de Pós-graduação em Bioquímica e Fisiologia – UFPE; 3,4 Docente do Departamento de Fisiologia e Farmacologia – UFPE Introduction:Acute kidney injury (AKI) may predispose the onset of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and hypertension through changes…

  • Histomorphometric Evaluation of the Renal Corpuscles of Mice Treated With Poly-ε-caprolactone Micro-spheres Containing Usnic Acid From the Acute Toxicity Test

    Histomorphometric Evaluation of the Renal Corpuscles of Mice Treated With Poly-ε-caprolactone Micro-spheres Containing Usnic Acid From the Acute Toxicity Test Oliveira, K.T.S1; Federici, K.A2; Silva, I.B3; Falcão, T.A4; Barbosa, J.A.P5; Santana, M.A.N6 1,2Students of the Bachelor degree in Nursing – FACOTTUR; 3Researcher at the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences – UFPE. 4,5,6Professor/Researcher of the Nursing Course – FACOTTUR. Introdution: Usnic acid, a hydrophobic lichen metabolite, has been highlighted in the literature with several biological activities, such as: anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antimicrobial, antiviral,…

  • Importance of Early Diagnosis and Treatment in Cases of Phenylketonuria

    Importance of Early Diagnosis and Treatment in Cases of Phenylketonuria Silva K.B¹, Pinheiro M.M.A², Filho S.L.V.N³ 1Nutricionista Residente em Oncologia e Cuidados Paliativos ASCES UNITA; 2Nutricionista Graduada pelo UNIFAVIP/DeVry; 3Nutricionista Mestrando no Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde as Criança e do Adolescente do Centro de Ciências da Saúde-UFPE Introduction: Phenylketonuria is a hereditary disease characterized by the absence of the enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase, which converts the amino acid phenylalanine to tyrosine. Phenylalanine, accumulates in the body, and confers toxicity mainly…