Research Article of International Journal of Archaeological Research
RESETTLEMENT AND ITS IMPACTS: THE CASE OF METEKEL AWARAJJA
Bogale Aligaiz Agalu
Department of History, Injibara
The resettlement projects in Ethiopia have been carried out mainly as a response to extreme problems of drought, food insecurity, population growth and land degradation during the imperial and Derg regime in the 1960’s and 1980’s. The disastrous famine of 1984-85 brought equally disastrous response of Derg government which relocated peasants from famine affected north to the sparsely populated and unoccupied southwest of the country. One of the targeted areas to perform was the Metekel area called Pawie or Beles resettlement site along North Western Ethiopia, originally inhabited by the Gumuz shifting cultivators. The inadequately planned of the Pawie or Beles resettlement site from the 1984-85 was affected the relocated people and the indigenous Gumuz communities. This program resulted Gumuz communities clashed with state sponsored settlers. After a long time tension, the settlers and the host communities formed a bond of relationship known as Wadaj.
Keywords: Resettlement, Resettlers, host communities
How to cite this article:
Bogale Aligaiz Agalu. RESETTLEMENT AND ITS IMPACTS: THE CASE OF METEKEL AWARAJJA. International Journal of Archaeological Research, 2020,1:5
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