Bovine cryptosporidiosis in calves : A Review

Bovine cryptosporidiosis in calves : A Review

Kranti Sharmaa, Mukesh Sharmab, Sharad Mishrac

Panchgavya Research And Extension Centre, Anjora, Durg- 491001 Chhattisgarh

International Journal of Animal Research

One of the culprits during this tough spring was a parasite called Cryptosporidium. It is an important zoonotic pathogen transmitted primarily through water.Cryptosporidiosis is a common cause of diarrhoea in young calves. It is caused by a protozoan parasite of the genus Cryptosporidium,family Crptosporididae,order Eucoccidiorida,class Coccidian and phylum Apicomplexa.The parasite infects epithelial cells in the microvillus border of the gastrointestinal tract of all class of vertebrates7.and causes severe chronic and even fatal diarrhea with malabsorption and dehydration 19
Currently,there are 16 recognized species and nearly triple this number of unnamedNeonatal calves becomes infected within the first few days after birth.Feces containing eggs are a major source of infection, but calves may also spread the parasite through direct contact. Since the egg survive well in the environment, calves can also pick up infections from water,feed and soil.In addition to calves, cryptosporidiosis affects other young animals including piglets,lamb,kid,oats,foals and fawn (farmed deer).
Stressors such as inadequate milk consumption,cold weather and wind may also play an important role in determining how severe the infection will be and how long it will last.

Keywords: Bovine cryptosporidiosis, calves

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How to cite this article:

Kranti Sharmaa, Mukesh Sharmab, Sharad Mishrac, Bovine cryptosporidiosis in calves : A Review. International Journal of Animal Research, 2019; 4:26.


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