International Journal of Animal Research

  • Bovine cryptosporidiosis in calves : A Review

    Bovine cryptosporidiosis in calves : A Review Kranti Sharmaa, Mukesh Sharmab, Sharad Mishrac Panchgavya Research And Extension Centre, Anjora, Durg- 491001 Chhattisgarh One of the culprits during this tough spring was a parasite called Cryptosporidium. It is an important zoonotic pathogen transmitted primarily through water.Cryptosporidiosis is a common cause of diarrhoea in young calves. It is caused by a protozoan parasite of the genus Cryptosporidium,family Crptosporididae,order Eucoccidiorida,class Coccidian and phylum Apicomplexa.The parasite infects epithelial cells in the microvillus border of…

  • A Review on the Genetic Basis of Growth and Prolificacy Traits in Sheep

    A Review on the Genetic Basis of Growth and Prolificacy Traits in Sheep Abiye Shenkut Abebe1* and Mengistie Taye2 1Department of Animal Science, Debre Tabor University, P.O.Box 272, Ethiopia 2Department of Animal Production and Technology, Bahir Dar University, P.O.Box, 5501, Ethiopia The performance of an animal for a particular trait is the result of its genetic merit and the effects of the environment where it exists. To set up genetic improvement in sheep, the genetic component attributed to the trait…

  • Biochemical Changes Caused by Eimeria spp in Broiler Chickens

    Biochemical Changes Caused by Eimeria spp in Broiler Chickens Samrawit Melkamu1, Mersha Chanie2 and Mulat Asrat3 1School of Veterinary Medicine, Samara University, ETHIOPIA 2 Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Gondar, Ethiopia 3School of Veterinary medicine, Wollo University, Ethiopia This experimental study was performed to investigate the effect of coccidia infestation on biochemical parameters in broiler chicken. The experimental animals (n=100) were randomly allocated into four equal groups, group one (G-I), group two (G-II), group three (G-III) and group four…

  • Effects of Dried Centella Asiatica Leaf Meal as a Herbal Feed Additive on the Growth Performance, Heamatology And Serum Biochemistry of Broiler Chicken

    Effects of Dried Centella Asiatica Leaf Meal as a Herbal Feed Additive on the Growth Performance, Heamatology And Serum Biochemistry of Broiler Chicken Alagbe, J.O University of Abuja, Gwagwalada, Nigeria. A 42 days experiment was carried out to evaluate the effects of dried Centella asiatica leaf meal (CSP) as an herbal feed additive on the growth performance, haematology and serum biochemistry of broiler chicken. A total of 200 Ross 308 day old broiler chicks of mixed sex was divided into…

  • Gonadal, extra gonadal sperm reserve and daily sperm production of breeder cocks fed graded levels of dietary fumonisin B1

    Gonadal, extra gonadal sperm reserve and daily sperm production of breeder cocks fed graded levels of dietary fumonisin B1 Ogunlade, Jacob Taiwo Department of Animal Science, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria. Fumonisin B1 (FB1), a secondary metabolite of the fungus fusarium verticillioides is known to be consumed by farm animals and has been reported to be associated with various farm animal diseases. To account for potential reproductive effects \of fumonisin in cocks meant for breeding purpose, sixty pre-pubertal breeder cocks…

  • Evaluation of clinical anesthetic effect after tramadol hydrochloride addition to xylazine-ketamine total injectable general anesthesia in cats undergoing scrotal castration

    Evaluation of clinical anesthetic effect after tramadol hydrochloride addition to xylazine-ketamine total injectable general anesthesia in cats undergoing scrotal castration Mohamed Wefky El-Sherif Department of surgery, anesthesiology and radiology, Faculty of veterinary medicine, Assiut University, New valley, Egypt Twenty adult male Egyptian local breed cats were divided into two equal groups and anesthetized using two different Ketamine based protocols. The first group received a mixture of Xylazine and Ketamine (XK) in a single syringe administered intramuscular. The other group received…

  • Estimating the distance of genetic domestic goats in Iran inferred from D loop region of mitochondrial DNA analysis and origins of candidate native goat ancestor

    Estimating the distance of genetic domestic goats in Iran inferred from D-loop region of mitochondrial DNA analysis and origins of candidate native goat ancestor Sattar. Beig mohammadi 1*, Kian. Pahlevan Afshari 1, and Hamid Reza. Seyedabadi 2 1.Department of Animal Science, Abhar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Abhar, Iran 2.Department of Animal Biotechnology, Animal Science Research Institute of IRAN (ASRI), Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO),Karaj,Iran The wild goat “bezoar”(Capra aegagrus) has been considered to be the strongest candidate for…

  • The Investigation of the Infectious Agalactiae Infection in Sheep and Goat Milk Samples

    The Investigation of the Infectious Agalactiae Infection in Sheep and Goat Milk Samples Ayşe KILIÇ1, Nurgül BİRBEN2, Fatma TÜRKARSLAN AKBABA3, Muhammed Fatih TURSUN2, Osman KOÇ2, Aslıhan ARSLAN2 1 Sivrice Vocational High School, University of Firat, Elazig-Turkey; 2 Department of Microbiology, Veterinary Control Institute, Elazig- Turkey; 3 Konya Veterinary Control Institute, Konya-Turkey Many infections are known to be responsible for ruminants of Mycoplasma, especially in Europe and North America all over the world, mainly in cattle, goats and sheep cultivation causes…

  • Concentration of Calcium and Phosphate Serum Following Administration of Zinc in Friesian Holstein Bulls

    Concentration of Calcium and Phosphate Serum Following Administration of Zinc in Friesian Holstein Bulls Sus Derthi Widhyari1, Setyo Widodo1, Agus Wijaya1, Anita Esfandiari1, Retno Wulansari1, Arief Purwo Mihardi1, Lina Maylina1, Helni Novitri2  1 Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Bogor Agricultural University,Bogor, Indonesia 2 Student at Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Bogor Agricultural University,Bogor, Indonesia Minerals play an important role in bulls as they function to form mucles of and maintain the quality of sperm. Zn mineral in the diet will also affect…

  • Improving cryopreservation capacity of ram spermatozoa by supplementing the diluent with melatonin

    Improving cryopreservation capacity of ram spermatozoa by supplementing the diluent with melatonin Marwa A. Khalifa Department of Animal and Poultry Physiology, Division of Animal and Poultry Production, Desert Research Center, Matariya, Cairo, Egypt. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the efficiency of supplementing ram semen extender with melatonin on cryopreservation capacity of spermatozoa. A total of 80 ejaculates were collected from 5 Barki rams, 16 ejaculates each, by an artificial vagina throughout the period from January – February,…