EVALUATION OF THE EFFICIENCY OF THREE TECHNIQUES FOR DIAGNOSIS OF THE CANINE DIROFILARIOSE


EVALUATION OF THE EFFICIENCY OF THREE TECHNIQUES FOR DIAGNOSIS OF THE CANINE DIROFILARIOSE


Rubens Pedro Lorena Silva1 *; Carlos Lopes Teixeira1; Cícero Wellington de Lima Colaço1; Yuri Souto Maior Filho1; Samuel Daniel de Sousa Filho1; José de Castro Souza Neto Júnior2.


International Journal of Animal Research

Introduction: Dirofilaria immitis is a filarid nematode that impacts dogs and other mammals worldwide, being transmitted by mosquito bites, causing heart failure without the dog that is the definitive host. The intermediate host may belong to several genera of mosquitoes such as Aedes, Anopholes and Culex.

Objectives: this study aims to evaluate three techniques for the diagnosis of canine heartworm disease.

Methods: it is an experimental analytical study. The tests were carried out on all wandering dogs adopted by a shelter in the city of Jaboatão dos Guararapes, Pernambuco, Brazil. Sample collection was performed in a dog with gag, antisected with iodinated alcohol for venous puncture in cephalic vein with a 5 ml disposable syringe and transferred to tube containing anticoagulant. He samples were processed at the Pet Life laboratory in Jaboatão dos Guararapes, Pernambuco, Brazil. Three techniques were employed, such as: Alere Dirofilariose Ag test kit; direct examination – thick smear drop and modified Knott’s method (1939). Of the total of 30 shelter dogs, 9 were males and 21 females.

Results: Thirteen dogs presented positivity in the Alere Dirofilariose Ag Test Kit (43.33%), being 9 females and 4 males. Of the thirteen positive animals in the immunological method, ten were positive by the Knott Method (33.33%) and five were positive in the Thick Smear Drop test (16.66%).

Conclusion: the presence of canine heartworm disease caused by D. immitis in a given region suggests that there may be human contamination causing pulmonary heartworm disease. This infection should be considered in the differential diagnosis of lung neoplasms and fungal infections. It was verified that the Alere Dirofilariose Ag Test Kit presented a high sensitivity in relation to the thick drop test and the Modified Knott Method, being able to evidence asymptomatic canine heartworm and nondetectable animals by the other techniques used.


Keywords:Dirofilaria immitis, Heartworm disease, Nematode.

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How to cite this article:
Rubens Pedro Lorena Silva; Carlos Lopes Teixeira; Cícero Wellington de Lima Colaço; Yuri Souto Maior Filho; Samuel Daniel de Sousa Filho; José de Castro Souza Neto Júnior., EVALUATION OF THE EFFICIENCY OF THREE TECHNIQUES FOR DIAGNOSIS OF THE CANINE DIROFILARIOSE. International Journal of Animal Research, 2019; 4:32.