Prevalence and Drug Resistance Patterns of Staphylococcus aureus in Food Producing Animals, Their Products and Humans

Review on the Prevalence and Drug Resistance Patterns of Staphylococcus aureus in Food Producing Animals, Their Products and Humans

Fitsum Tessema*

Fitsum Tessema, Hawassa Agricultural Research Center, P.O.Box 2126, Hawassa, Ethiopia

International Journal of Bioscience and MedicineStaphylococcus aureus is a gram positive bacterium that belongs to coagulase positive staphylococcus. It is widely distributed in the environment and causes diseases due to direct infection or due to the production of toxins by the bacteria. The prevalence of S. aureus ranges from 4% to 83% in different countries of the world from samples of food producing animals and their products. In Ethiopia the lowest and highest prevalence is reported as 4.2% and 48.75%, respectively. All mammals and birds are susceptible to colonization with S. aureus. Staphylococcus aureus can be treated with a wide range of antibiotics but there are efficient and inefficient antibiotics. Antibiotic resistance tests that have been conducted in different countries revealed that S. aureus were highly resistant to Ampicillin, Cloxacillin and Penicillin and less susceptible to Vancomycin and Rifampicin. The emergence of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus in animal and human has become a worldwide problem.

Keywords: Staphylococcus aureus, Prevalence, Drug resistance, Food producing animal

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Fitsum Tessema. Review on the Prevalence and Drug Resistance Patterns of Staphylococcus aureus in Food Producing Animals, Their Products and Humans. International Journal of Bioscience and Medicine, 2017; 1:5. DOI: 10.28933/ijbm-2017-09-2003


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