EXECUTIVE FUNCION: COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT, ADOLESCENCE AND DRUG ABUSE


EXECUTIVE FUNCTION: COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT, ADOLESCENCE AND DRUG ABUSE


Aparecido Jonanthan Mandú de Araújo¹*, Caio Matheus Santos da Silva Calado¹, Danielle Dutra Pereira¹, Juliana Marina Campelo² e Jennifer Hellen Melo Sobral².

¹ Universidade Federal de Pernambuco.² Centro Universitário Maurício de Nassau.


International Journal of Bioscience and Medicine

Introduction: Neuroscience brings advances and revelations of specificities and functionalities of the nervous system, contributing to the understanding of the exposure influences of neuroanatomic structures in various physiological and behavioral factors. Given this, it is known that executive functions are modeled as the most diverse forms of social interaction and are closely linked to the prefrontal lobe. These skills are consolidated only in adulthood. In this sense, the nervous system in adolescence is subject to changes in its development for social and cultural reasons.

Objective: In this sense, the aim of this study is to analyze the use and abuse of recreational drugs that act on the nervous system and their influence on executive functions and cognitive development during adolescence. Methodology: The methodology used was a literature review of the integrative type in the PUBMED and ScieELO databases published in the last 10 years.

Results and discussions: The use of alcohol, marijuana and inhalants are causative agents of cognitive impairment, especially in processing speed and response and working memory during adolescence, but results are still controversial as information such as dosage is lacking. , time of use and time of abstinence of users.

Final Considerations: The results showed controversies in the performance of these substances in neurobiological bases and their long term damages; Therefore, further longitudinal studies are needed to monitor the cognitive development of these diseases and cognitive impairment and its consequences in adulthood.


Keywords: Neurophychology. Cognitive Desenveloped. Executive System. Drug.

Free Full-text PDF


How to cite this article:
Aparecido Jonanthan Mandú de Araújo, Caio Matheus Santos da Silva Calado, Danielle Dutra Pereira, Juliana Marina Campelo e Jennifer Hellen Melo Sobral. EXECUTIVE FUNCTION: COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT, ADOLESCENCE AND DRUG ABUSE. International Journal of Bioscience and Medicine, 2020; 4:12. DOI: 10.28933/ijbm-2020-03-1605


References:

1. THEIL, R.B. Alterações cognitivas na esquizofrenia. 2003. Disponível em https://repositorio.ufpe.br/bitstream/123456789/8703/1/arquivo8660_1.pdf. Acessado em 22 de novembro de 2019.
2. BASTOS, L.S, ALVES, M.P. As influências de Vygotsky e Luria à neurociência contemporânea e à compreensão do processo de aprendizagem. Rev. Práxis, v.5, n.10. p.42-53, 2013.
3. DURNSTON, S.; CASEY, B.J. What have we learned about cognitive development from neuroimaging Neuropsychologia, v.44, p.2149-2157, 2006.
4. MALLOY-DINIZ, L.F., ET AL. NEUROPSICOLOGIA DAS FUNÇÕES EJECUTIVAS. Em: FUENTESS, D; MALLOY-DINIZ, L.F; CAMARGO, C.H.P; CONSENZA, R.M. Neuropsicologia: teoria e prática. Porto Alefre, Artmed, p.187-206. 2008.
5. GODOY, S. et al. Concepções teóricas acerca das funções executivas e das altas habilidades. Cadernos de Pós-Graduação em Distúrbios do Desenvolvimento, v.10, n1. 2010.
6. DIAS, N.M.; MENEZES, A.; SEABRA, A,G. Alterações das funções executivas em crianças e adolescentes.Est. Inter. Psicol., v.1, n.1, p.80-95, 2010.
7. DIAS, N.M., SEABRA, A.G. Funções Executivas: Desenvolvimento e Intervenção. Temas sobre Desenvolvimento, v. 19, p.206-212, 2013.
8. SABOYA, E. et al . Disfunção executiva como uma medida de funcionalidade em adultos com TDAH. J.bras. psiquiatr., Rio de Janeiro , v. 56, supl. 1, p. 30-33, 2007 .
9. DOURADO, I.C.P., PRANDINI, R.C.A.R. HENRI WALLON: PSICOLOGIA E EDUCAÇÃO. Augusto Guzzo Revista Acadêmica, n.5, p.23-31, 2012.
10. HERCULANO-HOUZEL, S. O cérebro em transformação. Rio de Janeiro, O. Editora Objetiva. 2005.
11. SILBER, T.J., SOUZA, R.P.. Uso e abuso de drogas na adolescência: o que se deve saber e o que se pode fazer. Adolesc. Latinoam, v. 1, n. 3, p. 148-162, 1998.
12. ARAUJO, C. M., VIEIRA, C.X., MASCARENHAS, C.H.M. Prevalência do consumo de drogas lícitas e ilícitas por estudantes universitários. SMAD, Rev. Eletrônica Saúde Mental Álcool Drog. (Ed. port.), Ribeirão Preto , v. 14, n. 3, p. 144-150, 2018 .
13. CARLINI, E.A; et al. DROGAS PSICOTRÓPICAS: O QUE SÃO E COMO AGEM?. Revista IMESC, n.3, p.9-35. 2011.
14. SOARES, H.L.R; GONÇALVES, H.C.B; JÚNIOR, J.W. Cérebro e o uso de drogas na adolescência. Fractal, Rev. Psicol, v. 22, n. 3. 2010.
15. RIBEIRO, V.L.P.P; SANTOS, L.S. O COMPORTAMENTO SEXUAL DE ADOLESCENTES EM SITUAÇÃO EVULNERABILIDADE ERISCO SOCIAL. 2015.
16. HEFFERNAN, T. et al. Alcohol Hangover Has Detrimental Impact Upon Both Executive Function and Prospective Memory. 2019.
17. MAURAGE, P., ET AL. Attentional alterations in alcohol dependence are underpinned by specific executive control deficits. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. p. 2105-2112. 2014.
18. FERNANDEZ-SERRANO, M.J. et al. Neuropsychological consequences of alcohol and drug abuse on different components of executive functions. J Psychopharmacol. p. 1317-1332, 2009.
19. SCOTT, K.D., SCOTT, A.A. Adolescent inhalant use and executive cognitive functioning. Child Care Health Dev. P, 20-28. 2013.
20. WADE, N.E. et al. Aerobic Fitness Level Moderates the Association Between Cannabis Use and Executive Functioning and Psychomotor Speed Following Abstinence in Adolescents and Young Adults. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, p. 1-12. 2018.
21. BECKER, M.P. et al. Longitudinal changes in cognition in young adult cannabis users. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, v.40, p.529–543, 2018.
22. OOMEN, P. P., VAN HELL, H. H., BOSSONG, M.G. The acute effects of cannabis on human executive function. Behavioural Pharmacology, V.9. 2018.
23. COHEN, K. et al. The effects of synthetic cannabinoids on executive function. Psychopharmacology (Berl), p.1121-1134. 2017.
24. TALPOS, J., SHOAIB, M. Executive function. Handbook of experimental pharmacology, v. 228, p. 191- 213, 2015.