Case Report of International Journal of Case Reports
Case of recurrent pulmonary thromboembolism due to therapeutic non-compliance
Mihaela Anghele1*, Liliana Dragomir2, Virginia MARINA3
1MD. Mihaela ANGHELE: CLINICAL-MEDICAL Department, «Dunarea de jos» University of Galati, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Galati, Romania.
2MD. Liliana DRAGOMIR: CLINICAL-MEDICAL Department, «Dunarea de jos» University of Galati, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Galati, Romania.
3PH.D. Virginia MARINA: MEDICAL Department of Occupational Health, «Dunarea de jos» University of Galati, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Galati, Romania.
Pulmonary embolism occurs when thrombi enter the pulmonary arterial circulation. Most pulmonary embolisms are the result of deep venous thrombosis of the pelvic limbs, chest or pelvis, and, less commonly, the jugular veins or inferior vena cava.
Venous thromboembolism includes deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. It is the third most common cardiovascular disease, with a total annual incidence of 100-200 per 100 000 population.
INTRODUCTION: Acute pulmonary embolism is the most serious clinical presentation of venous thromboembolism. Overall, pulmonary embolism is a major cause of mortality, morbidity and hospitalization. Mortality in pulmonary embolism depends on haemodynamic impairment, age and co morbidities.
The prognosis of patients with pulmonary embolism depends on two factors : underlying disease state plus diagnosis, and appropriate treatment. Approximately 10% of patients who develop pulmonary embolism die within the first hour, and 30% subsequently die of recurrent embolism.
CASE PRESENTATION: In this presentation we present the case of a 49-year-old male patient without co morbidities, presented repeatedly to the Emergency Room for symptoms suggestive of pulmonary thromboembolism, who benefited from life-saving therapies due to timely diagnosis and appropriate treatment, with subsequent favorable outcome.
CONCLUSIONS: The particularity of the case is that, on the one hand, the thromboembolic event recurred in a short time, on the other hand, the evolution was favorable in both cases, with complete recovery of right ventricular function and disappearance of pulmonary hypertension, despite the fact that the patient was non-compliant with initial anticoagulation therapy. This was due to both early diagnosis and timely administration of appropriate treatment.
Keywords: Pulmonary thromboembolism, recurrent venous thromboembolism, non-compliance, treatment
How to cite this article:
Mihaela Anghelea, Liliana Dragomirb Virginia MARINAc. Case of recurrent pulmonary thromboembolism due to therapeutic non-compliance. International Journal of Case Reports, 2021; 5:223. DOI: 10.28933/ijcr-2021-06-0805
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