Conus myelitis associated with Covid 19 infection – a rare complication


Conus myelitis associated with Covid 19 infection – a rare complication


ISHMA AIJAZI, FADIL MUSTAFA ABDULLA, POURNAMY SARATHCHANDRAN, INSHIA BEGUM

DUBAI HOSPITAL INTERNAL MEDICINE DEPARETMENT (DUBAI HEALTH AUTHORITY)

Covid 19 pandemic has taken away millions of lives. Our understanding of this disease, till to date, is not complete. This disease has a wide variety of neurological manifestations. Acute transverse myelitis is one such rare neurological complication of Covid 19. The exact etiology is not clear. Auto immunity might be one of the possible mechanisms. We report a case of 39-year-old lady, who had recent history of high-grade fever and cough. This was followed by weakness of both legs and in- ability to pass urine. SARS-CoV-2 (PCR) from nasopharyngeal swab was positive. She was found to have features of acute non compressive myelopathy. MRI brain and MRI cervical spine with contrast was normal. MRI dorso lumbar spine with contrast was suggestive of diffuse hyper intensity of conus medullaris with contrast enhancement suggestive of conus myelitis. CSF analysis ruled out infection and autoimmune causes. She was pulsed with high dose steroids. There was some transient improvement in symptoms.
Learning points:
1) Physicians should not consider Covid as a respiratory illness only. It can present with a variety of extra pulmonary manifestations.
2) Acute transverse myelitis is a rare complication of Covid 19 infection. Timely recognition and treatment can prevent permanent neurological damage and residual disability.
3) Conus myelitis might not present with classic upper motor neuron signs. Any new onset bladder dysfunction in a setting of a recent covid infection should be taken seriously and requires urgent imaging of the spine.


Keywords: Covid 19, extra pulmonary manifestations, acute transverse myelitis, conus medullaris

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How to cite this article:

ISHMA AIJAZI, FADIL MUSTAFA ABDULLA, POURNAMY SARATHCHANDRAN, INSHIA BEGUM. Conus myelitis associated with Covid 19 infection – a rare complication. International Journal of Case Reports, 2022, 6:259. DOI: 10.28933/ijcr-2021-12-0505


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