Ancient whole grain gluten-free quinoa, high protein, vegetable flatbreads


Ancient whole grain gluten-free quinoa, high protein, vegetable flatbreads


Talwinder S Kahlon, Roberto J Avena-Bustillos, Mei-Chen M Chiu and Ashwinder K Kahlon

Western Regional Research Center, USDA-ARS, 800 Buchanan St., Albany, CA 94710


International Journal of Food and Nutrition Research

The objective was to evaluate four kinds of ancient whole grain gluten-free Quinoa, high protein, vegetable, nutritious, tasty, health promoting flatbreads. The flatbreads were Quinoa Peanut Meal Kale (QPK), QPK-Onions, QPK-Garlic and QPK-Cilantro. Quinoa contains all the essential amino acids. Peanut Meal was utilized to formulate higher protein flatbreads and to add value to this low value farm byproduct. Fresh green leafy vegetable kale was used with health promoting potential as it binds bile acids. Onions, garlic and cilantro contain healthful phytonutrients. The level of fresh onions, garlic and cilantro were determined by consensus of the laboratory personnel. Flatbread dough was prepared using 50-67 ml water per 100g as is ingredients. The ingredients were Quinoa flour and Peanut Meal (39.4%) and fresh Kale (19.7%) as is basis. Onions, Garlic and Cilantro flatbreads contained 28%, 7% and 28% of the respective ingredients. 50g flatbread dough was pressed between parchment paper in tortilla flatbread press to about 17 cm circle. Flatbreads were cooked in flatbread cooker for 2-minutes at (165-195 oC). Seventy-one in-house volunteers evaluated Color/Appearance of the QPK, QPK-Onions and QPK-Garlic to be similar and significantly (P ≤ 0.05) preferred than QPK-Cilantro flatbreads. Odor/Aroma of QPK-Onions and QPK-Garlic flatbreads was similar and significantly higher than QPK and QPK-Cilantro. Texture/Mouth Feel of the QPK-Garlic flatbreads was judged significantly higher than QPK and QPK-Cilantro. Taste/Flavor and Acceptance of QPK-Onions flatbreads was significantly better than QPK and QPK-Cilantro. The acceptance of the flatbreads tested was QPK-Onions 92%, QPK-Garlic 89%, QPK 77% and QPK-Cilantro 72%. These flat breads used only 3-4 ingredients and could be made in any house kitchen or commercial production. These whole gain, high protein, gluten-free, vegetable, flatbreads offer tasty, nutritious and healthy choice to all and those sensitive to gluten.


Keywords: quinoa, peanut meal, kale, whole grain, gluten-free, flatbreads


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How to cite this article:
Talwinder S Kahlon, Roberto J Avena-Bustillos, Mei-Chen M Chiu and Ashwinder K Kahlon.Ancient whole grain gluten-free quinoa, high protein, vegetable flatbreads. International Journal of Food and Nutrition Research, 2019; 3:19. DOI: 10.28933/ijfnr-2018-12-1406


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