A Quantitative Assessment of the Nutritional Value of the Food for the School Nutrition Programme in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa

A Quantitative Assessment of the Nutritional Value of the Food for the School Nutrition Programme in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa

Tafirenyika Mafugu1 and Tecklah Usai2

1Kwantebeni Comprehensive High School, Pinetown, South Africa
2Midlands State University, Zimbabwe

International Journal of Food and Nutrition Research

The aim of the study was to determine the nutritional value of the food for the school nutritional programme in one district in KwaZulu-Natal Province. A positivist research paradigm and a quantitative research approach were used in the study. Furthermore, a cross-sectional research design was utilized. The quantitative data was analysed using SPSS and Excel and was presented in texts and tables. The study found that the average daily intake per learner from the school nutrition programme was 218 Kcal energy, 7.7g of protein, 1.8g of fat and 3.2g of dietary fibre. These were all below 30% of RDA values. The observed mean protein, energy and vitamin K intakes per child per day were significantly lower than the expected mean intake for the nutrients. Intakes of other nutrients were within the limits of the prescribed amounts according to the menu quantity schedule.There were variations in the nutrient intake among learners in different schools due to inconsistent supply of food items by service providers.

Keywords: school feeding programme, school nutrition, nutrients, nutritional value, balanced diet, recommended dietary allowances

Free Full-text PDF

How to cite this article:
Tafirenyika Mafugu and Tecklah Usai. A Quantitative Assessment of the Nutritional Value of the Food for the School Nutrition Programme in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. International Journal of Food and Nutrition Research, 2019; 3:25. DOI:10.28933/ijfnr-2019-03-0605


1. Adamu, A., Adjei, N.K.G., &Kubuga, C.K. (2012). Effects of Dietary Patterns on the Nutrition Status of Upper Primary School Children in Tamale Metropolis. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 11 (7): 689-707.
2. African Union. (2015). First Specialised Technical Meeting on Education, Science And Technology: Briefing Note- Home Grown School Feeding as a Driver of Local Development. Addis Ababa: African Union.
3. Aliyar R,Gelli A, & Hamdani S.H. (2015). A Review of Nutritional Guidelines and Menu Compositions for School Feeding Programs in 12 Countries. Frontiers in public health, 3 (1):1-13.
4. Alters, S., & Schiff, W. (2009). Essential Concepts for Healthy Living. (5th ed.). Boston: Jones and Bartlett Publishers, LLC.
5. Altman, M., Hart, T., & Jacobs, P. (2009). Household food security status in South Africa. Agrekon, 48 (4): 345-361.
6. Berdanier, C.D., Dwyer, J.T., & Heber, D. (Eds.). (2014). Handbook of Nutrition and Food.London: CRC Press.
7. Buhl, A. (2010). Meeting Nutritional Needs Through School Feeding: A Snapshot of Four African Nations. Global Child Nutrition Foundation. http://www.gcnf.org/library/Meeting-Nutritional-Needs-Through-School- Feeding.pdf(accessed 10/04/2017).
8. Bundy, D., Woolnough, A., Burbano, C., & Drake, L. (2016). Global School Feeding Sourcebook Lessons from 14 countries. London: Imperial College Press.
9. Caraher, M., & Coveney, J. (Eds.). (2016). Food Poverty and Insecurity: International Food Inequalities. London: Springer.
10. CONDE NAST (2014). Vegetables, mixed (corn, lima, beans, peas, green beans, carrots). Nutritiondata.self.com/facts/vegetables-products/7657/2. (accessed 05/11/2017).
11. Department of Basic Education. (2009). National School Nutrition Programme: A guide for secondary schools. Pretoria: Department of Basic Education.
12. Department of Basic Education. (2016). National School Nutrition Programme. Pretoria: Department of Basic Education.
13. Embuscado, M.E. (Ed.). (2014). Functionalizing Carbohydrates for Food Applications: Texturizing and Bioactive/Flavor Delivery Systems. Lancaster: DEStech Publications, In.
14. Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations. (2016). Sierra Leone Food Based Dietary Guidelines for Healthy Eating.http://www.siera-leone-food-based -dietary-guidelines-for-healthy-eating.pdf (accessed 10/03/2017).
15. Hayes, D., & Berdan, G. (2013). School nutrition programs: challenges and opportunities. http://www.sizediversityandhealth.org/ images/uploaded/2013%20School%20Nutrition%20AJLM%20(Hayes-Berdan).pdf (accessed 15 August 2016).
16. Health24, (2016). Micronutrient deficiencies rife in developing countries.www.health24.com/Diet-and-nutrtion/Nutrition-basics/Micronutrient-deficiencies-rife-in-developing- countries-20160824 (accessed 11/04/2017).
17. Hochfeld, T., Graham, L., Stuart, L., & Gent, M.Y. (2015). Evaluation Study of the National School Nutrition Programme and the Tiger Brands Foundation In-School Breakfast Feeding Programme in the Lady Frère and Qumbu Districts of the Eastern Cape. Johannesburg: Centre for Social Development in Africa, University of Johannesburg.
18. Joshi, S.A. (2010). Nutrition and Dietetics (With Indian Case Studies). (3rd ed.). New Dehli: Tata McGraw Hill Education Private Limited.
19. Kallman K. (2005). Food for Thought: a review of the National School Nutrition Programme. Cape Town: Children’s Institute.
20. Kessel, A., & Ben-Tal, N. (2010). Introduction to proteins, structure, function and Motion. London: CRC Press.
21. Laar, M.E. (2016). School feeding programmes in Ghana. Agriculture, Nutrition and Health Academy. http://anhacademy.org/blog/2016/04/07/school-feeding- programmes-ghana.
22. Lacey, G. (2012). Guidebook to Education in the Commonwealth. London: Commonwealth Secretariat.
23. Marshall, W.J., Lapsley, M., Day, A.P., & Ayling, R.M. (2014). Clinical Biochemistry E-Book: Meabolic and Clinical Aspects. (3rd ed.). London: Elsevier Limited.
24. Rendall-Mkosi, K., Wenhold, F., & Sibanda, N.B. (2013). Case Study of the National School Nutrition Programme in South Africa. University of Pretoria. London: Partnership for Child Development.
25. Rudrappa, U. (2017). USDA Nationa Nutrient Database. (http;//ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/foods/show/29197/.
26. Shisana, O., Labadarios, D., Rehle, T., Simbayi, I., Zuma, K.; Dhansay, A., Reddy, P., Parker, W., Hoosain, E., Naidoo, P., et al. (2014). South African National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (SANHANES-I). Cape Town: HSRC Press.
27. Sizer, F. S., Piché, L. A., & Whitney, E. N. (2012). Nutrition: Concepts and controversies. (6th ed.). Toronto: Nelson Education.
28. South African Food Data System. (2015). SaMRC advancing life.Safoods-apps.mrc.ac.za/foodcomposition/. (accessed 05/11/2017).
29. Tathiah, N., Moodley, I., Mubaiwa, V., Denny, L., & Taylor, M. (2013). South Africa’s nutritional transition: Overweight, obesity, underweight and stunting in female primary school learners in rural KwaZuluNatal, South Africa. South African Medical Journal, 103 (10): 718–723.
30. United States Department of Agriculture. (2017). MyPlate.
31. http://www.choosemyplate.gov/MyPlate (accessed 13/03/2017).
32. Watson, R.R., & Preedy, V.R. (Eds.). (2013). Bioactive food as dietary interventions for cardiovascular disease. Boston: Academic Press.
33. World Food Programme. (2016). School Meals. www.wfp.org/school-meals/wfp-school-meals (accessed 22/05/2016).

Terms of Use/Privacy Policy/ Disclaimer/ Other Policies:
You agree that by using our site, you have read, understood, and agreed to be bound by all of our terms of use/privacy policy/ disclaimer/ other policies (click here for details).

This work and its PDF file(s) are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.