Research Article of International Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
Comparison between creatine monohydrate and creatine HCl on body composition and performance of the Brazilian Olympic team
Caroline Ayme Fernandes Yoshioka1, Diana Madureira2, Paulo Carrara3, Natália Gusmão2, Kamila Santos Ressureição4, Jeferson Oliveira Santana2, Marco Aurélio Lamolha2, Renata Furlan Viebig4, Iris Callado Sanches2, Fabio Santos de Lira5, Erico Chagas Caperuto6
1UNICAMP – Brazil; 2São Judas Tadeu University – Brazil; 3São Paulo University – USP – Brazil; 2São Judas Tadeu University – Brazil; 4Mackenzie Presbiterian University – Brazil; 2São Judas Tadeu University – Brazil; 2São Judas Tadeu University – Brazil; 4Mackenzie Presbiterian University – Brazil; 2São Judas Tadeu University – Brazil; 5UNESP – Brazil; 6São Judas Tadeu University and Mackenzie Presbiterian University – Brazil
Weight-dependent athletes have trouble to balance the energy consumption to the needs of the sport they practice. As performance depends on that balance, it would be ideal to find a supplement that would be ergogenic without promoting weight increase. Monohydrate creatine supplementation is effective to improve strength and power but water retention and weight gain are side effects that avoid its use. An alternative molecule, creatine HCl, proposes the same an ergogenic effects without the undesirable effects. So, this study compared the effects of both creatines on performance and body composition of elite gymnastics athletes. 11 males, 18 to 25 years old took part into the randomized cross-over model: Creatine Monohydrate Supplement (MCG), resistant starch (RS) and HCl Supplement (HClG). Pre and Post all the experimental conditions, body fat percentage, body weight, lean body mass and total water amount were measured, bench press and leg press 1RM test were also carried out. Lean mass increased with both treatments (p <0.05), fat percentage decreased only with HCl (p <0.05) and strength gains were significantly improved for both supplements. We concluded that both creatines improve strength but only HCl allows this effect without retaining water.
Keywords: Creatine monohydrate. Creatine HCl. Artistic Gymnastics. Elite Athletes.
How to cite this article:
Caroline Ayme Fernandes Yoshioka, Diana Madureira, Paulo Carrara, Natália Gusmão, Kamila Santos Ressureição, Jeferson Oliveira Santana, Marco Aurélio Lamolha, Renata Furlan Viebig, Iris Callado Sanches, Fabio Santos de Lira, Erico Chagas Caperuto. Comparison between creatine monohydrate and creatine HCl on body composition and performance of the Brazilian Olympic team. International Journal of Food and Nutrition Research, 2019; 3:28. DOI:10.28933/ijfnr-2019-05-2205
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