Research Article of International Journal of Aging Research
Development of Estimate Formulas for Waist Circumference Using Body Mass Index and Limb Circumferences in Hospitalized Older Adults
Daisuke Takagi, PhD1, Masatoshi Kageyama2,3, Kenta Yamamoto4, Hiroshi Matsumoto, MD5
1Department of Physical Therapy, Health Science University; 2Long-Term Care Health Facilities Sunrise Ohama; 3Graduate School, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Cooperative Major in Medical Photonics (Doctoral Course);4Department of Rehabilitation, Toyoda Eisei Hospital; 5Department of Orthopedic surgery, Toyoda Eisei Hospital
Background: Little research has been conducted on the estimate formulas for waist circumference using body mass index and limb circumferences in hospitalized older adults. Thus, we conducted the present study to develop estimate formulas of waist circumference using body mass index and limb circumferences in hospitalized older adults.
Methods: Forty hospitalized older patients were recruited in this cross-sectional study. We measured waist circumference, body mass index, upper arm circumference, forearm circumference, thigh circumference, and calf circumference. The estimate formulas for waist circumference were developed using simple and multiple regression analysis.
Results: Simple regression analysis indicated that body mass index, upper arm circumference, forearm circumference, thigh circumference, and calf circumference were independent explanators for waist circumference (p < 0.05 for all). In addition, body mass index, upper arm circumference, and forearm circumference but not thigh circumference and calf circumference were extracted as independent explanators for waist circumference in multiple regression analysis (p < 0.05). We were able to develop the estimate formulas using body mass index, upper arm circumference, forearm circumference, thigh circumference, and calf circumference.
Conclusion: The results suggest that the estimate formulas for waist circumference may provide an opportunity to easily evaluate waist circumference, even in hospitalized older adults with kyphosis posture. However, future studies should be conducted to develop the estimate formulas for waist circumference with a lower error value.
Keywords: Estimate formula, Waist circumference, Body mass index, Limb circumference, Hospitalized older adults
How to cite this article:
Daisuke Takagi, Masatoshi Kageyama, Kenta Yamamoto, Hiroshi Matsumoto. Development of Estimate Formulas for Waist Circumference Using Body Mass Index and Limb Circumferences in Hospitalized Older Adults. International Journal of Aging Research, 2021, 4:76. DOI: 10.28933/ijoar-2020-12-2505
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