Research Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews
POSSIBLE ETIOLOGICAL FACTORS REPORTED BY PARENTS OF CHILDREN WITH PHONOLOGICAL DISORDER
Prof.ª Dr.ª Chirlene Santos da Cunha Moura1*, Antônio Vítor da Silva Roseno2, Jaicélia Raíne do Nascimento Travassos3, Fernanda dos Santos Cardozo4, Flaviana Maria Miron Pessoa e Silva5
1Docente do Curso de Fonoaudiologia do Centro Universitário de João Pessoa.
2-5 Discente do Curso de Fonoaudiologia do Centro Universitário de João Pessoa.
Introduction: Most four-year-old children present a well-developed phonological system, thus producing speech sounds properly. However, this does not always occur and some children end up developing speech disorders that remain beyond this age, which is known as phonological disorder. This is partially characterized by the speaker’s difficulty in mentally representing the phonological rule and, consequently, inefficient production of sounds. It is worth noting that this change has no well-defined cause, therefore, its etiology is still quite unknown. Objective: To investigate the possible etiological factors of phonological disorders in children, according to what was reported by their parents. Methodology: This study was carried out on eight children who are in therapy for phonological disorder at the Centro Universitário de João Pessoa in October 2018. The data collection took place upon an interview with the parents, which was guided towards the probable cause of the phonological disorder. Regarding ethical considerations, this study is part of a larger project approved under the number 2.117.018. Results: Based on the quantitative analysis of the responses of the parents who participated in the study, 3 reported that they believed that the cause was linked to the genetic factor, 2 reported that the cause may be linked to overprotection, 2 linked to the emotional factors and 1 to lack of motivation. Conclusion: It is suggested that there might be more in-depth studies aimed at investigating and defining the etiological factors of phonological disorders.
Keywords: child; speech sound disorder; etiology
How to cite this article:
Chirlene Santos da Cunha Moura, Antônio Vítor da Silva Roseno, Jaicélia Raíne do Nascimento Travassos, Fernanda dos Santos Cardozo, Flaviana Maria Miron Pessoa e Silva.POSSIBLE ETIOLOGICAL FACTORS REPORTED BY PARENTS OF CHILDREN WITH PHONOLOGICAL DISORDER. International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews, 2019, 2:14