Psychic itinerary of the cesarean section in six Cameroonian primiparous

Psychic itinerary of the cesarean section in six Cameroonian primiparous

Mireille Ndje Ndje

Ph/D in Clinical and Pathological Psychology, Laboratory of Development and bad Development, Faculty of Arts, Letters and Human Sciences, University of Yaounde I, Cameroon

Psychiatric Research and Reviews1

Statement of the Problem: The birth of a child does not create a split with the pregnancy and desires of the conception of the parents but rather confirms the continuity of the fantasies, the representations which animate these and more still the mother since the desire of the child. These fantasies and daydreams inherent in pregnancy and described by Bydlowsky are relegated to the background, and sometimes even ignored by families, but especially by obstetric care professionals during birth.

Methodology: This article is an intrusion using semi-directive interviews in the psychic dynamics of six Cameroonian primiparous women who gave birth by cesarean section in a specialized hospital, from the preoperative to the postoperative through the operative.

Findings: It emerges from this study that when the normal process of birth is changed, the mother can undergo this event considered natural in her cultural universe. Cesarean section is certainly a birth, but it is anti-physiological, because of the lack of passage that leads to a feeling of foreignness in women. In the Caesarean section, there seems to be a lack of narcissistic investment in the reproductive apparatus. Caesarized parturients feel guilty for not having given life according to the accepted model, both on the religious, social, cultural and psychic level. They feel guilty for not being able to repeat the act that women have been doing in their environment since the beginning of time. For their own family they bring denigration, for the in-laws they are incapable, for the other parturients they are inferior, and for themselves they are guilty.

Conclusion: This birth-related surgery does not give women a leeway to become involved in the process. The physical undergoes invasive gestures that are not felt in a present but are imagined with a shift of time, of reality and resonance on the psyche.

Keywords: Psychic itinerary; cesarean section; maternity; operation; guilty.

Free Full-text PDF

How to cite this article:
Mireille Ndje Ndje.Psychic itinerary of the cesarean section in six Cameroonian primiparous. International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews, 2019, 2:11. DOI: 10.28933/ijprr-2019-03-1406


1. Amselek, C.B. (1998). Le mystère des mères. – éditions Desclée de BROUWER.
2. André, J. (2009). Désirs d’enfant. Paris : PUF.
3. Antoine, C. (2007). La révolution intérieure, Psychologie de la grossesse et de la maternité. Edi-tions Larousse.
4. Baumeister et al. (1994). Guilt: an interpersonal approach. Psychol Bull. Mar;115(2):243-67
5. Bradley et al. (1983). Health Psychology: Process and Applications. Second edition, Anabel Broome and Sue Llewelyn: Chapman and Hall.
6. Breen, D. (1975). The birth of the first child. London: Tavistock publications.
7. Bydlowski, M. (2005). La dette de vie: itinéraire psychanalytique de la maternité. Paris: PUF.
8. Cohen, (1983). A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and social behavior: Dec; 24(4):385-96.
9. Deutsch, H. (1945). The Psychology of Women: A Psychoanalytic Interpretation. Grune & Stratton. Volume 2. Hush, A.; Bens, J. (2002). Checklist obstétrique. Stuttgart; G. Thieme Verlag.
10. Jones (1976)
11. Levine in (Brabant, 1987) . La césarienne a-t-elle une indication en cas de suspi-cion de macrosomie ? Journal de gynécologie obstétrique et de biologie de la reproduction 2000; 29: 22-29 : Masson, Paris, 2000.
12. Mercer et al. (1983).
13. Mutryn, 1984a ; 1984b
14. Szejer, M. (2006). Pour une médicalisation raisonnée de la naissance. Protéger l’environnement de la naissance dans L’axe imaginaire et la réalité : écarts et décalages, n°132, 2006.
15. Tsala Tsala JP. (2009). Familles africaines et thérapie. Clinique de la famille came-rounaise. Paris L’Harmattan.

Terms of Use/Privacy Policy/ Disclaimer/ Other Policies:
You agree that by using our site, you have read, understood, and agreed to be bound by all of our terms of use/privacy policy/ disclaimer/ other policies (click here for details).

This work and its PDF file(s) are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.