Demographic Variables as Predictors of Self-concepts in the Workforce of the University of Abuja
Benedict O. Onyiloa and Isaiah, I. Shamoa
aDepartment of Counselling and Educational Psychology, Faculty of Education, University of Abuja
This descriptive study used non-teaching staff of the University of Abuja for the study. The main thrust of this work was to determine the predictors of self-concepts among staff on the basis of two demographic variables – gender and marital status. A sample size of one hundred and fifty participants was drawn for the study through stratified random sampling procedure. The sample size consisted of 74 males and 76 females. A modified version of workers/self-concept scale (WSCS) was adapted to generate data for the study. The 35-item instrument sought responses on various aspects of self-conceptsinvolving moral self, family self, self –satisfaction, self-criticism. Two null hypotheses were formulated to determine the predictors of self-concepts on the basis of gender and marital status. The results revealed that there was no significant difference in self-concepts among staff on the basis of gender and moral status. This implies that the two demographic variables, do not predict self-concepts among the generality of the university workforce. The t-values were not significant at .393 and .495 for gender and marital status respectively. The authors recommended among other measures a more elaborate and in-depts. study involving a heterogeneous sample to ascertain a more reliable influence of the two variables on self-concepts.
Keywords: Demographic variables, Predictors, Self-concepts and Workforce.
How to cite this article:
Benedict O. Onyilo and Isaiah, I. Shamo. Demographic Variables as Predictors of Self-concepts in the Workforce of the University of Abuja. International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews, 2020, 3:27. DOI: 10.28933/ijprr-2019-06-1905
1. Arber S., Gim J., (1991). Gender and later life. Sage: London.
2. Arber S., Gim J., (1994). Women and aging. Review in Clinical Gerontology 4:340-358.
3. Barer B. M., (1994). Men and women aging differently. International Journal of Aging and Human Development. 38: 29-40.
4. Brandtstadter J., Wentura D., Greve W., (1993). Adaptive resources of the aging self: Outlines of an emerging perspective. International Journal of Behavioural Development 16: 323-349.
5. Golombok S. & Fivush R., (1994). Gender development New York: Cambridge University Press.
6. Hobbs F. B. & Damon B. L., (1990). 65 in the United States. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
7. Jette A., (1996). Disability trends and transitions. In Binstock R. & George L. K., (eds). Handbook of aging and the social sciences. 4th eds. 94-117: San Diego. CA, Academic Press.
8. Kahn R. L., (1994). Social support, content, causes and consequences. In Abeles R. P., Gift H. C. & Ory M. G., (eds). Aging and quality of life. 163-184. New York: Springer.
9. Kozma A., Stones M. J. & McNeil J. K., (1991). Psychological well-being in later life. Toronto Ontario, Canada: Butterworth.
10. Marsh, H. W. Parker. J. W. & Smith. I. D. (1983). Self-Discipline questionnaire and pre-adolescent self-concept. Australia: University of Sydney.
11. Moen P., (1996). Gender, age, and the life course. In Binstock R. H. & George L. K., (eds). Handbook of aging and the social sciences 4th ed. 171-187., San Diego CA: Academic Press.
12. Mutran E. (1987). Family, social ties and self-meaning in old age: The development of an affective identity. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships. 4: 463-480.
13. Okun M.A. & Keith V. M., (1998). Effects of positive social exchanges with various sources on depressive symptoms in younger and older adults. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences. 53B: Pp 4-20.
14. Phillips D. L. & Segal B. E., (1969). Sexual status and psychiatric symptoms. American Sociological Sciences. 53B: Pp 4-20.
15. Pinquart M., (1998). Das Selbstkonzeptim Seniorenalter Beltz. (Self-concept in old age). Germany: Weinheim.
16. Pinquart M. Sorensen S., (2000). Influences of socio-economic status, social network, and competence on psychological well-being in the elderly: Psychology and Aging 15:187-224.
17. Rosenberg M., (1979). Conceiving the self. New York: Basic Books.
18. Siegler I., George I., K. & Okun M. (1979). Cross-sequential analysis of adult personality. Development Psychology 15: 350-351.
19. Sontag S., (1972). The double standard of aging. Saturday Review of the Society 53: 29-38., October.
20. Whitbourine S. K. & Powers C. B., (1994). Older women’s constructs of their lives: A quantitative and qualitative exploration. International Journal of Aging and Human Development 38: 293-306.
21. Wills T., (1992). The role of similarity in coping through downward comparison. In Montada L., Filipp S. H. & Lerner R. (eds). Life crises and experiences of loss in adulthood 196-212. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
22. Wood W., Rhodes N. Whelan M., (1989). Sex differences in positive well-being: A consideration of emotional style and marital status. Psychological Bulletin 106: 249-264.