The mediating role of optimism and resilience on emotional distress in infertility: an integrative literature review

The mediating role of optimism and resilience on emotional distress in infertility: an integrative literature review

Diana Santa-Cruz1, Soledad Chamorro2, Juan A. Garcia-Velasco1

1IVI-RMA Madrid and Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid, Spain

Psychiatric Research and Reviews1

Objective: To find any role of optimism and/or resilience mediating emotional distress in infertility. Method: We performed a literature search for 2000–2017 in PubMed, PsycINFO and Elsevier, for original articles and reviews, using keywords “resilience,” “infertility,” “optimism,” “LOT-R,” “in vitro fertilization,” and “assisted reproductive technology.” Additional references were collected from articles located thereby. Results: The evidence reveals a growing trend of promoting people´s positive health assets and indicates significant negative associations of optimism and resilience with anxiety and depression and positive associations with self-esteem and perception of control. It seems optimism and resilience heavily influence physical and mental health and diminishes emotional distress due to infertility. Discussion: This review highlights the importance of the development of therapeutic and preventive interventions increasing optimism and resilience against affective dysregulation and emotional distress caused by infertility.

Keywords: Assisted reproductive technology (ART); Infertility; optimism; Resilience, Emotional distress

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How to cite this article:
Diana Santa-Cruz, Soledad Chamorro, Juan A. Garcia-Velasco. The mediating role of optimism and resilience on emotional distress in infertility: an integrative literature review. International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews, 2019, 2:22. DOI: 10.28933/ijprr-2019-09-2105


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