The Influence of Psychosocial-Affective Factors on Language Delay

The Influence of Psychosocial-Affective Factors on Language Delay

Bruna Vanessa Gomes de Araújo1 , Chirlene Santos da Cunha Moura2 , Me. Ivonaldo Leidson Barbosa Lima2 , Ma. Maria Edvany de Melo Pereira3 


Psychiatric Research and Reviews1

According to Nóbrega and Minervino (2011) , language is a corticocerebral func-tion that develops based on the environment and stimuli to which individuals are ex-posed, as well as being a vehicle of communication, since language allows to establish in-terpersonal relationships.
Since childhood, people use some form of human communication, which is not composed solely by the use of words and phrases. Language development begins through the contact of babies with other people, through crying, looking, gestures, interaction be-tween mother and child, among other forms of communication and interaction. Thus, adults play a crucial role during this period by establishing a channel of affection and communication with the child, since adults are responsible for intermediating the baby’s relations with the world, through how they communicates with the child (AMORIM et al., 2012) .
Based on this principle, Carvalho (2015) reports that the early years are an essen-tial period for the development of language skills, as many factors influence the language acquisition and development, such as: innate biological conditions; affection; cognitive, memory, organic-functional skills and the contexts in which the child is inserted.
All children follow similar steps in the language development process, although it is susceptible to variations caused by some factors, such as: biological; psychological and social/environmental factors. In addition, an imbalance of these factors may slow this process, thus causing a language delay.
Giacheti and Lindau (2016) explain that language delay is not associated with organic disorders or any other developmental problem, whether intellectual disability or genetic syndromes, since this is a transient condition in which in most cases is due to lack of family stimulation.

Keywords: Psychosocial-Affective Factors, Language Delay

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How to cite this article:
Bruna Vanessa Gomes de Araújo, Chirlene Santos da Cunha Moura,Ivonaldo Leidson Barbosa Lima, Maria Edvany de Melo Pereira. The Influence of Psychosocial-Affective Factors on Language Delay. International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews, 2020, 3:40. DOI: 10.28933/ijprr-2020-05-1805


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