Touching and Touch Deprivation During a COVID-19 Lockdown
Tiffany Field1,2, Samantha Poling2, Shantay Mines2, Debra Bendell2, and Connie Veazey2
1University of Miami/Miller School of Medicine
2Fielding Graduate University
Touching your kids and your partner, self-touching, and touch deprivation have had different effects on individuals during a COVID-19 lockdown. In this Survey Monkey study conducted during a COVID-19 lockdown (N= 260 respondents), 26% said they were touch deprived a lot, 21% said they were touching their kids a lot, 33 % touching their partner a lot, and 32% self-touching a lot (e.g. yoga and stretching). Correlation analyses suggested that touch deprivation was related to scores on the Stress, Anxiety, Depression, Fatigue, Sleep Disturbances and PTSD scales. The three types of touching were positively related to scores on the Health Scale, at home projects, and outdoor exercising with others. Touching partner was also related to lower scores on the Stress, Depression, and PTSD Scales and Self-touching was related to lower scores on the Fatigue and Sleep Disturbance Subscales. The results of these data analyses are limited by the self-reported data from a non-representative, cross-sectional sample. Nonetheless, they highlight the negative effects of touch deprivation and the positive effects of touching your kids and partners and self-touch during a COVID-19 lockdown.
Keywords: health, stress, touch deprivation, touching your kids, touching partners
How to cite this article:
Tiffany Field, Samantha Poling, Shantay Mines,Debra Bendell, Connie Veazey. Touching and Touch Deprivation During a COVID-19 Lockdown. International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews, 2020, 3:42. DOI: 10.28933/ijprr-2020-10-2105
1. Stanton, R., To, Q., Khalesi, S., Williams, S., Alley, S., Thwaite, T., Fenning, A. & Vandelanotte, C. Depression, Anxiety and Stress during COVID-19: Associations with Changes in Physical Activity, Sleep, Tobacco and Alcohol Use in Australian Adults International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020: 17, 4065 DOI 10.3390/ijerph17114065
2. Field, T., Mines, S., Poling, S., Bendell, D. & Veazey, C. Anxiety and depression during a COVID-19 lockdown.2020. Journal of Anxiety and Depression. 3(2), 124-137.
3. Huang, Y. & Zhao, N. Generalized anxiety disorder, depressive symptoms and sleep quality during COVID-19 outbreak in China: A web-based cross-sectional survey. 2020. Psychiatry Research, 288, 112954.
4. Cellini, N., Canale, N. Mioni, G., & Costa, S. Changes in sleep pattern, sense of time and digital media use during COVID-19 lockdown in Italy, Journal of Sleep Research. 2020, doi. org/10.1111/jsr.13074
5. Field, T., Mines, S., Poling, S., Bendell, D. & Veazey, C. Stress and sleep disturbances during a COVID-19 lockdown. 2020. Journal of Psychology & Mental Health.
6. Mines, S., Veazey C., Poling, S., Field, T. & Bendell, D. PTSD symptoms and health behaviors. 2020. Annals of Psychiatry and Mental Health. 8(3),1155-59.
7. Field, T. (1999). American Adolescents Touch Each Other Less and Are More Aggressive Toward Their Peers as Compared With French Adolescents. Adolescence, 34, 753-758.
8. Field, T. Social touch, CT touch and massage therapy. Developmental Review. 2019:51:123-145.
9. Grewen, K. M., Anderson, B. J., Girdler, S. S., & Light, K. C. Nonverbal encouragement of participation in a course: The effect of touching. Social Psychology of Education, 2003: 7: 89–98.
10. Field, T. Touch for socioemotional and physical well-being: A review. Developmental Review, 2010: 30: 367-383.
11. Cohen, S., Janicki-Deverts, D., Turner, R.B., & Doyle, W.J. Does hugging provide stress-buffering social support? A study of susceptibility to upper respiratory infection and illness. Psychological Science, 2015: 26:135-147.
12. Field, T., Mines, S. & Poling, S. Cell phones dominate waiting activity at airport gates. 2020. In preparation.
13. Field, T., Poling, S., Mines, S., Bendell, D. & Veazey, C. Touch deprivation and exercise during a COVID-19 lockdown.2020. Medical Research Archives. 8(8), 1-12.
14. Dewitt, B., Feeny, D., Fischhoff, B., Celia, D., Hays, R.D. et al. Estimation of a preference-based summary score for the patient reported outcomes measurement information system: The PROMIS-preference (PROPr) scoring system. Medical Decision Making. 2018: 38: 683-698.
15. Hansen, M., Anderson, T. E., Armour, C., Elklit, A., Palic, S., & Mackrill, T. PTSD-8: A short PTSD inventory. Clinical Practice & Epidemiology in Mental Health. 2010:6:101- 108.
16. Field, T. (2020). Yoga therapy research: A narrative review. Journal of Yoga and Physiotherapy. 8, 49-71.
17. Kandola, A. Vancampfort, D., Herring, M., Rebar, A. Hallgren. M. Firth, J. & Stubbs, B. Moving to beat anxiety: epidemiology and therapeutic issues with physical activity for anxiety. Current Psychiatry Reports.2018; 20: 63 doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0923-x