THE IMPORTANCE OF THE MULTIPROFESSIONAL APPROACH IN SOTOS SYNDROME


THE IMPORTANCE OF THE MULTIPROFESSIONAL APPROACH IN SOTOS SYNDROME


Andressa Gouveia de Araújo1*, Mateus Saulo Dantas Correia e Sá2, Nilian Cerqueira Azevêdo3.


Internal Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation

Introduction: Sotos syndrome or cerebral gigantism is a rare genetic disorder characterized by excessive physical growth in early childhood, being associated with the NSD1 gene, located on chromosome 5. The Individuals show as physical changes macrocephaly, neuropsychomotor retardation, stomatoglossognathic system alteration, delay in language acquisition and development, and cognitive deficit. Objectives: To report the importance of the approach of Occupational Therapy, Speech Therapy, Physiotherapy and Psychology professional regarding intervention in a patient with Sotos syndrome. Local: Unit of Neuropsychomotor rehabilitation of the Specialized Center for Rehabilitation of a region of the Alagoas backwood. Methodology: Patient attended the aforementioned institution with medical diagnosis of Sotos Syndrome and with complaints of motor deficit, delay in acquisition, development and use of oral language, difficulty in oral control, and cognitive and behavioral changes. Initially, the basic script for multiprofessional institutional evaluation was applied, as a way to gather more information about the general complaint of the patient, made the anamneses and specific evaluations of occupational therapy, phonoaudiology physiotherapy and psychology, looking to promote the rescue of specific complaints. Was also performed the application of the UTP- Unique Therapeutic Project, seeking to list the CIF of the patient and the objectives to be drawn in the short, medium and long term. The multiprofessional rehabilitation regarding of this patient was performed from preselected play resources, where she also had guidelines regarding early stimulation. Results: After 1 year in the unit of neuropsychomotor rehabilitation, it was observed that there was significant improvement in all aspects evaluated. With regard physiotherapeutic rehabilitation and occupational therapy, the patient shows improvement in gait resulting from lower limb strengthening and balance development. Regarding the speech-language complaints, the patient improved communicative intention, social interaction, linguistic structuring and oral control. It also presented a linear change in the psychological patterns of cognitive and behavioral development. Conclusion: Through this report, it was possible to divulge the importance of the multidisciplinary approach in an effective and substantial way, resulting to a better quality of life of these patients.


Keywords:Sotos Syndrome, Speech-Language Pathology, Physiotherapy, Occupational Therapy, Psychology.

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How to cite this article:
Andressa Gouveia de Araújo1*, Mateus Saulo Dantas Correia e Sá2, Nilian Cerqueira. THE IMPORTANCE OF THE MULTIPROFESSIONAL APPROACH IN SOTOS SYNDROME. Internal Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2019; 2:10