Čokorilo, N.1, Vasić, G.1, Prebeg, G.2, Tomašević, D.2, and Pantelić, S.3

1Faculty of Sports and Physical Education, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia.
2Faculty of Sports and Physical Education, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.
3Faculty of Sports and Physical Education, University of Niš, Niš, Serbia.

Internal Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation

The objective of the research was to determine the effects of the “Body Workout” aerobic exercises on morphological characteristics of female university students after a period of 2 months with training sessions in the duration of three hours per week. The sample of research participants was made up of female university students from the Faculty of Sports and Physical Education in Novi Sad (AGE = 22.13±0.98 years) that were actively included in the workout program. The total sample participating in the research comprised of 52 participants, 25 of which comprised the experimental group (AGE=22.11±0.89; TV=166.11±5.01) while the remaining 27 of them comprised the control group (AGE=22.45±0.78 years, TV=169.51±5.04). The experimental group followed the “Body Workout” aerobic exercises model and the control group followed the regular curriculum for the university course of Fitness (Rekreacija in Serbian) at the Faculty of Sports and Physical Education in Novi Sad. At the initial measuring, there were no statistically significant differences among the participants (P=0.41). Physical changes that occurred in the participants’ bodies during the research period of two months were followed by means of monitoring of twelve morphological characteristics. According to the research results, significant effects were determined in transformation of morphological characteristics among the members of the experimental group on the level of the entire system (P=0.00) and the individual differences could be perceived in the final measuring in variables Circumference of the lower leg (p=0.05), Skinfold of biceps brachii (p=0.00), Skinfold of triceps brachii (p=0.00), Skinfold of the forearm (p=0.00), Subscapula skinfold (p=0.02) and Abdominal skinfold (p=0.00) among the members of the experimental group. That is an indication that the experimental Body Workout program had a significant impact on the above mentioned characteristics. At the same time, it was determined that the experimental program of aerobic exercises produced the greatest effects on the reduction in subcutaneous fatty tissue.

Keywords:morphological characteristics, effects, aerobic exercise, female students

Free Full-text PDF

How to cite this article:
Čokorilo, N., Vasić, G., Prebeg, G.,Tomašević, D., and Pantelić, S. EFFECTS OF GROUP EXERCISE PROGRAM ON MORPHOLOGICAL STATUS OF FEMALE UNIVERSITY STUDENTS. Internal Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2020; 3:12. DOI: 10.28933/ijsmr-2020-08-2605


1. Abad, C.C.C., do Nascimento, A.M., de Souza, L.E., Figueroa, D., Ramona, P., Sartori M., et al., (2017). Interval and continuous aerobic exercise training similarly increase cardiac function and autonomic modulation in infarcted mice. Journal of Exercise Rehabilitattion, 13(4), 499.
2. Arslan, F. (2011). The effects of an eight-week step-aerobic dance exercise programme on body composition parameters in middle-aged sedentary obese women. International Sports Medicine Journal, 12(4), 160-168.
3. Batacan, R.B. Jr., Duncan, M.J., Dalbo, V.J., Tucker, P.S. & Fenning, A.S. (2017). Effects of high-intensity interval training on cardiometa-bolic health: a systematic review and me-ta-analysis of intervention studies. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 51(6), 494-503.
4. Bergoč, Š. i Zagorc, M. (2000). Metode poučevanja v aerobiki. Ljubljana: Fakulteta za šport, Inštitut za šport.
5. Brito-Monzani, J.O., Sanches, I.C., Bernardes, N., Ponciano, K., Moraes-Silva, I.C., Irigoyen, M.C., et al (2017). Hypertension induces addi-tional cardiometabolic impairments and attenu-ates aerobic exercise training adaptations in fructose-fed ovariectomized rats. Hypertension Research. doi: 10.1038/hr.2017.94. [Epub ahe- ad of print].
6. Cvetković, M. (2009). Efekti aerobika u trans-formaciji karakteristika telesnog sastava kod studenata Fakulteta fizičke kulture (Effects of aerobic exercises in transformation of charac-teristics of body composition among female students of the Faculty of Physical Education). Glasnik Antrpološkog društva Srbije, 44, 123-132.
7. Gezer, E. & Çakmakçi, E. (2011). The effect of 8 weeks step-aerobic exercise program on body composition and quality of life of sedantery women. Ovidius university annals – series: Physical Education & Sport, 11(1), 97-101.
8. Ko, I.G. & Choi, P.B. (2013). Regular exercise modulates obesity factors and body composi-tion in sturdy men. Journal of Exercise Rehabil-itation, 9(2), 256-262.
9. Korshøj, M., Ravn, M.H., Holtermann, A., Han-sen, Å.M. & Krustrup, P. (2016). Aerobic exer-cise reduces biomarkers related to cardiovas-cular risk among cleaners: effects of a worksite intervention RCT. Internatioanl Archives Occu-pational Environmental Health, 89(2), 239-849.
10. Kostić, R., Đurašković, R., Miletić, Đ., & Mika- lački, M. (2006). Changes in the cardiovascular fitness and body composition of women under the influence of the aerobic dance. Facta uni-versitatis – series: Physical Education and Sport, 4(1), 59-71.
11. La Forge, R. (2000). World current trends in ex-ercise science research 2000. California, Ana-heim: World 2000 Idea, Convention guide.
12. Lidegaard, M., Søgaard, K., Krustrup, P., Holtermann, A. & Korshøj, M. (2017). Effects of 12 months aerobic exercise intervention on work ability, need for recovery, productivity and rating of exertion among cleaners: a worksite RCT. Internatioanl Archives Occupational Environ-mental Health. doi: 10.1007/s00420-017-1274-3. [Epub ahead of print].
13. Lima, L.G., Bonardi, J.T.M., Campos, G.O., Bertani, R.F., Scher, L.M.L & Moriguti, J.C., et al (2017). Combined aerobic and resistance train-ing: are there additional benefits for older hy-pertensive adults? Clinics, 72(6), 363-369.
14. Mandarić, S. (2003). Efekti programiranog ve- žbanja uz muziku kod učenica sedmih razreda osnovne škole (Effects of programmed exercises to music among female pupils of the seventh grade of primary school). PhD thesis, Belgrade: Faculty of Sports and Physical Education.
15. Mandarić, S., Sibinović, A., Mikalački, M., Stojili- jković, S. (2011). Efekti programa high-low aerobika na morfološke karakteristike i funkcionalne sposobnosti učenica osmih raz-reda osnovne škole (Effects of high-low aerobic program on morphological characteristics and functional abilities of female pupils of the eighth grade of primary school). Sportske nauke i zdravlje, 1(1), 18-23.
16. Mandić, A., Sibinović, A. & Stojiljković, S. (2011). Efekti programa „high-low” aerobika na morfološke karakteristike, funkcionalne i mo-toričke sposobnosti učenika osmih razreda osnovne škole (Effects of high-low aerobic program on morphological characteristics, functional and motoric abilities of the pupils of the eighth grade of primary school). Belgrade: Faculty of Sports and Physical Education. Facta universitatis – series: Physical Education and Sport, 9(3), 307-319.
17. Mora-Rodriguez, R., Ramirez-Jimenez, M., Fer-nandez-Elias, V.E., Guio de Prada, M.V., Mo-rales-Palomo, F., Pallares, J.G., et al. (2017). Effects of aerobic interval training on arterial stiffness and microvascular function in patients with metabolic syndrome. Journal of Clinical Hypertension (Greenwich). doi: 10.1111/jch.13130 [Epub ahead of print].
18. Obradović, J. (1999). Struktura i relacije motor-ičkih sposobnosti i morfoloških karakteristika vežbačica aerobne gimnastike (Structure and relations of motoric abilities and morphological characteristics of female aerobic gymnasts). Master degree thesis, Novi Sad: Faculty of Physical Culture.
19. Obradović, J. (2004). Motorička analiza nekih motoričkih struktura sportskog aerobika (Motoric analysis of some motoric structures of sports aerobic workout). PhD thesis, Novi Sad: Faculty of Physical Culture.
20. Pillarella, D. & Roberts, S. (1996). Fitness Stepping. Champaign, IL: Human Cinetics.
21. Serkan, I., Hazar, S. & Hazar, M. (2012). The effect of eight week exercise program on physical fitness and some body component parameters for middle age sedentary women. Ovidius University Annals – series: Physical Education & Sport, 12(2), 253-256.
22. Zagorc, M., Zaletel, P. i Ižanc, N. (1998). Aero-bika. Ljubljana: Fakultet za šport, Inštitut za šport.

Terms of Use/Privacy Policy/ Disclaimer/ Other Policies:
You agree that by using our site, you have read, understood, and agreed to be bound by all of our terms of use/privacy policy/ disclaimer/ other policies (click here for details).

This work and its PDF file(s) are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.