Physiotherapists and physical activity at work among in Benin and France


University Clinic for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation/ CNHU-HKM (Cotonou/ Benin)

Physical activity at work is an important indicator of the level of activity. Physiotherapists are one of professionals for the prevention against sedentary lifestyle. Objective: To assess the level of physical activity at work among physiotherapists in Benin and France. Method: Descriptive and analytical cross-sectional study, conducted from July 2017 to July 2018. With physiotherapists who consent to participate to this study we use a pedometer. They wear it at work for five consecutive days. The average number of daily steps at work was determined. Physiotherapist’s level of inactivity was assessed using the Baecke questionnaire. Data was analyzed using Epi Info 13.0. X2 of Pearson’s and ANOVA tests. They were used for the comparison of qualitative and quantitative variables respectively. Significance level was set at 0.05. Results: Among fifty-four physiotherapists evaluated, forty-four (81.5%) were sedentary, with a significant level of sedentary lifestyle in twenty-six cases (48.11%). This limitation of physical activity at the workplace and the level of sedentary lifestyle of the subjects were comparable among Beninese and French physiotherapists and they were not associated with any of the factors studied. Conclusion: The level of physical activity of physiotherapists at work is limited. Raising the awareness of these actors seems essential.

Keywords:Physical activity at work, sedentary lifestyle, physiotherapy, Benin, France.

Free Full-text PDF

How to cite this article:
ALAGNIDE HE, NIAMA NATTA D, AGBO OVE, DJIVOH Y, ASSOGBA F, SOGBOSSI E, DAHOUETO W, KPADONOU GT. Physiotherapists and physical activity at work among in Benin and France. Internal Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2021; 4:15. DOI: 10.28933/ijsmr-2020-11-2505


1. Caspersen CJ, Powell KE, & Christenson GM. Physical activity, exercise, and physical fitness: definitions and distinctions for health-related research. Public Health Reports 1985; 100(2): 126-31.
2. Corbin, Charles B, Pangrazi, Robert P, Franks B. Don. Definitions: Health, Fitness, and Physical Activity. Physical Fitness and Sports Research Digest 2000; 3: 9.
3. Nelson ME, Rejeski WJ, Blair SN, Duncan PW, Judge JO, King AC et al. Physical activity and public health in older adults: recommendation from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association. Medicine and science in sports and exercise 2007; 39(8):1423-45.
4. Le Masurier GC, Sidman CL, Corbin CB. Accumulating 10,000 steps: does this meet current physical activity guidelines? Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport 2003; 74(4):389–94.
5. Pate RR, O’Neill JR, Lobelo F. The evolving definition of “sedentary”. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews 2008; 36(4):173-8.
6. Omorou AY, Coste J, Escalon H, Vuillemin A. Patterns of physical activity and sedentary behaviour in the general population in France: cluster analysis with personal and socioeconomic correlates. Journal of Public Health 2016; 38(3):483-49.
7. Katz MP, Church TS, Craig CL, Bouchard C. Sitting time and mortality from all causes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. Medicine and science in sports and exercise 2009, 41: 998-1005.
8. Verhagen E, Engbers L. The physical therapist’s role in physical activity promotion. British Journal of Sports Medicine 2008; 43(2):99-101
9. Hart DL, Isernhagen SJ, Matheson LN. Guidelines for functional capacity evaluation of people with medical conditions. Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy 1993; 18 (6): 682-6.
10. Brewer W, Ogbazi R, Ohl D, Daniels J, Ortiz A. A compararison of work-related physical activity levels between inpatient and outpatient physical therapist : an observational cohort trial. BMC Research Notes 2016; 9: 313
11. Tudor-Locke C, Hatano Y, Pangrazi RP, Kang M. Revisiting ‘‘How Many Steps Are Enough?’’Med. Sci. SportsExerc 2008; 40(7) : 537–43.
12. Baecke JAH, Burema J, Frijters JER. A short questionnaire for the measurement of habitual physical activity in epidemiological studies. Am J Clin Nutr.1982 ; 36 : 936-942.
13. Conzett-Baumann K, Jaggi GP, Hüsler A, Huesler J, Beer JH. The daily walking distance of young doctors and their body mass index. European Journal of Internal Medicine 2009 ;20(6):622-4.
14. Suija K, Pechter U, Maaroos J, Kalda R, Rätsep A, Oona M, Maaroos H-I. ‘Physical activity of Estonian family doctors and their counselling for a healthy lifestyle: A cross- sectional study’, BMC Family Practice 2010 ;11 : 48.
15. Kunene SH, Taukobong NP. Level of physical activity of health professionals in a district hospital in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, South African Journal of Physiotherapy 2015 ; 71(1) :234-6
16. Oyeyemi A, Jidda Z, Baagana F. Prevalence of physical activity among adults in a metropolitan Nigerian city: A cross- sectional study’, Journal of Epidemiology.2013 ; 23(3) : 169–77.