Relation of attitudes toward environment and animals with social and criminal-aggressive profile of adult inmates in school classes of a correctional facility

Relation of attitudes toward environment and animals with social and criminal-aggressive profile of adult inmates in school classes of a correctional facilitys

Nikolaos Hasanagas, Alexandra Bekiari

University of Thessaly, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science, Greece

International Journal of social research

Aim of this research is to detect determinants and effects of environmental and animal-related attitudes of inmates. A sample of correctional facility inmates in the prison secondary school was collected in 2015 (class A=23 inmates, average 36 years, and B=12 inmates, average 33 years old, all male). Standardized questionnaires were answered and analytic statistics (Spearman test) was used. Preference for socialization or loneliness in nature or urban environment, aggression to animals, vegetarianism and susceptibility to environmental practices are correlated with the inmates criminal and behavioral profile as well as with their advancement in the education program of the prison school. Their education in prison seems to have positive environmental education effects. Positive attitudes of inmates toward animals is related with their family background, susceptibility of loneliness in nature, no hunting, involvement in environmental or cultural organization, susceptibility to impulsively impose protective values and norms, minimal aggressiveness, no crimes committed under angry circumstances or cyber-crimes, socializing in prison. Thereby, there is a noticeable accordance of vegetarianism, nature- and animal- attitudes of the inmates.

Keywords: environment, animals, criminal-aggressive profile, inmates, education

Free Full-text PDF

How to cite this article:
Nikolaos Hasanagas and Alexandra Bekiari.Relation of attitudes toward environment and animals with social and criminal-aggressive profile of adult inmates in school classes of a correctional facility. International Journal of Social Research, 2017; 1:12. DOI:10.28933/ijsr-2017-11-2902


1 Arluke, A. & Madfis, E. (2014). Animal abuse as a warning sign of school massacres: A critique and refinement. Homicide studies, 18(1), 7-22.
2 Anderson, C. M. & Martin, M. M. (1995). Why employees speak to coworkers and bosses: Motives, gender, and organizational satisfaction. The Journal of Business Communication, 32(3), 249-265.
3 Bekiari, A., Deliligka, S., & Hasanagas, N. (2017). Analysing networks of verbal aggressiveness and motivation. Psychology, 8(3), 495-515. http://dx.doi org/10.4236/psych.2017.83031
4 Bekiari, A., Deliligka, S., & Koustelios, A. (2016). Examining Relations of Aggressive Communication in Social Networks. Social Networking, 6(1), 38-52. http://dx.doi. org/10.4236/sn.2017.61003
5 Bekiari, A., & Hasanagas, N. (2015). Verbal Aggressiveness Exploration through Complete Social Network Analysis: Using Physical Education Students’ Class as an Illustration. International Journal of Social Science Studies, 3(3), 30-49. http://dx.doi. org/10.11114/ijsss.v3i3.729
6 Bekiari, A., & Hasanagas, N. (2016). Suggesting Indicators of Superficiality and Purity in Verbal Aggressiveness. An Application in Adult Education Class Networks of Prisoners. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 4(3), 279-292.
7 Bekiari, Α., Hasanagas, Ν., Theoharis, D., Kefalas, Ι., & Vasilou, Α. (2015). The Role of Mathematical Object and the Educational Environment to Students’ Interpersonal Relationships: An Application of Full Social Network Analysis. Proceedings of the 32nd Congress Greek Mathematical Society (with international participation), Kastoria (pp. 799-812).
8 Bekiari, A., Nikolaidou, Z., & Hasanagas, N. (2017). Typology of motivation and aggression on the basis of social network variables: Examples of complementary and nested behavioral types through conventional statistics. Social Networking, 6(2), 135-147. http://dx.doi. org/10.4236/sn.2017.62008
9 Bekiari, A., & Pachi, V. (2017). Insights into bullying and verbal aggressiveness through Social Network Analysis. Journal of Computer and Communications, 5(9), 79-101.
10 Bekiari, A., Pachi, V., & Hasanagas, N. (2017). Investigating bullying determinants and typologies with social network analysis. Journal of Computer and Communications, 5(7), 11-27.
11 Bekiari, A., & Spyropoulou, S. (2016). Exploration of verbal aggressiveness and interpersonal attraction through social network analysis: Using university physical education class as an illustration. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 4(6), 145-155.
12 Billstedt, E., Anckarsäter, H., Wallinius, M., & Hofvander, B. (2017). Neurodevelopmental disorders in young violent offenders: Overlap and background characteristics. Psychiatry Research, 252, 234-241.
13 Claus, C. J., Chory, R. & Malachowski, C. C. (2011). The Relationship between Instructor Aggressive Communication Traits and Student Antisocial Behavioural Alteration Techniques. In Annual Meeting of the Eastern Communication Association, Alexandria, VA.
14 DeGue, S. & DiLillo, D. (2009). Is animal cruelty a “red flag” for family violence? Investigating co-occurring violence toward children, partners, and pets. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 24(6), 1036-1056.
15 Duncan, A., & Miller, C. (2002). The impact of an abusive family context on childhood animal cruelty and adult violence. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 7(4), 365-383.
16 Hasanagas, N., & Bekiari, A. (2015). Depicting Determinants and Effects of Intimacy and Verbal Aggressiveness Target through Social Network Analysis. Sociology Mind, 5(3), 162-175.
17 Hasanagas, N., & Bekiari, A. (2017). An exploration of the relation between hunting and aggressiveness: Using inmates networks at prison secondary school as an Illustration. Social Networking, 6(1), 19-37.
18 Hasanagas, N., Bekiari, A., & Vasilos, P. (2017). Friendliness to animals and verbal aggressiveness to people: Using prison inmates education networks as an illustration. Social Networking, 6(3), 224-238.
19 Ireland, J. L. (2002). Bullying among prisoners: Evidence, research and intervention strategies. Psychology Press.
20 Flynn, C. P. (2011). Examining the links between animal abuse and human violence. Crime, Law and Social Change, 55(5), 453-468.https://doi. org/10.1007/s10611-011-9297-2
21 Miller, K. S., & Knutson, J. F. (1997). Reports of severe physical punishment and exposure to animal cruelty by inmates convicted of felonies and by university students. Child Abuse & Neglect, 21(1), 59-82.
22 Theoharis, D., & Bekiari, A. (2016a). The influence of mathematics and learning environment in verbal aggressiveness and interpersonal relations: A dynamic analysis of social networks. Proceedings of the 8th International Congress Mathematical Society, Thessaloniki 30/3 -3/4/2016 (pp. 415-428).
23 Theoharis, D., & Bekiari, A. (2016b). Social networks analysis of centrality: Case study in leadership networks. Proceedings of the 33nd Congress Greek Mathematical Society (with international participation), Chania 4-6/11/2016 (pp. 250-260).
24 Theoharis, D., & Bekiari, A. (2017a). Applying social network indicators in the analysis of verbal aggressiveness at the school. Journal of Computer and Communications, 5(7), 169-181.
25 Theoharis, D., & Bekiari, A. (2017b). Cumulative hierarchy analysis (Katz centrality) on leadership networks of learning communities. Proceedings of the 9th International Congress Mathematical Society, Thessaloniki 17-19/3 /2017 (pp. 285-297).
26 Theoharis, D., Bekiari, A., & Koustelios, A. (2017). Exploration of determinants of verbal aggressiveness and leadership through network analysis and conventional statistics. Using school class as an illustration. Sociology Mind, 7(2), 27-43.
27 Volant, A. M., Johnson, J. A., Gullone, E. & Coleman, G. J. (2008). The Relationship Between Domestic Violence and Animal Abuse An Australian Study. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 23(9), 1277-1295.

Terms of Use/Privacy Policy/ Disclaimer/ Other Policies:
You agree that by using our site, you have read, understood, and agreed to be bound by all of our terms of use/privacy policy/ disclaimer/ other policies (click here for details).

This work and its PDF file(s) are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.