International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy


Social work and strengthening of NGOs in development cooperation to treat drug addiction

Review Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy Social work and strengthening of NGOs in development cooperation to treat drug addiction Ingo Ilja Michels1*, Heino Stöver2, Nurgul Musaeva3, Dinara Yessimova4, Jiang Du5, Azizbek Boltaev6, Subkhon Ashuro, and Umeda Munavvarova7,8 1Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences, Institute for Drug Research (Frankfurt, Germany), Interna- tional Scientific Coordinator for the SOLID project. 2Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences, Institute for Drug Research (Frankfurt, Germany), Professor for Social Work and Health, Project Leader of the SOLID project. 3Bishkek State University, Department of Social Work and Practical Psychology (Bish- kek, Kyrgyzstan), Scientific Coordinator for the SOLID project. 4Eurasian National University Gumilyov, Department of Sociology (Astana / Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan), Scientific Coordinator for the SOLID proj- ect. 5Shanghai Mental Health Centre, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine (Shanghai, PR China), Scientific Coordinator for the SOLID project. 6Bukhara State Medical Institute (Bukhara, Uzbeki- stan), Scientific Coordinator for the SOLID project. 7/8Caritas Tajikistan, Doctor of Economics (former Vice Minister of Labour and Social Protection), Dushanbe & Caritas Tajikistan, (PhD for Social Work, former Associate Professor at Tajik National Medical University), (Dushanbe, Tajikistan). Social work is one of the youngest scientific disciplines, it has developed itself as a discipline to address individuals, families and communities in social crisis (poverty, low level of education, un- employment, diseases, social isolation). In the last decade also problems with alcohol and drug dependencies increasingly became the subject of social work support(systems). Due to coming global- isation, where living space has become wider than the community itself, social work was forced to operate within wider horizons and to go beyond communities boundaries. Social work nowadays has been becoming a more global scientific discipline seeking answers to global questions. Social work is therefore linked to all seventeen global goals of sustainable development (SDGs). As the prevention ...

The Effect of Plain Cigarette Packaging on Implicit Attitudes

Research Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy The Effect of Plain Cigarette Packaging on Implicit Attitudes  Saadet Merih Cengel1*, Onur Noyan1, Nesrin Dilbaz1  1Uskudar University.  Rationale: The significance of this research stems from the impact implicit attitudes have on smoking behavior, where positive implicit attitudes can result in a greater likelihood of smoking behavior. Even though it has previously been argued that implicit attitudes can drive addictive behavior there is a lack of research on whether cigarette packaging has an influence on implicit attitudes. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of plain cigarette packaging and designed/logo cigarette packaging on implicit attitudes. Methods: Implicit attitudes towards cigarette packaging were assessed by means of the Brief Implicit Association Test (BIAT). A questionnaire was conducted to assess sociodemographic and smoking behavior. The Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) was used to assess level of dependence. The sample consisted of 264 participants. Results: BIAT indicate a significant association between designed/logo cigarette packaging and positive implicit attitudes (Mean d-score > .15). Cigarette packaging design’s influence on implicit attitudes is positive (Mean d-score = .22), where there is a slight association between designed/logo packaging and positive implicit attitudes. Conclusions: When compared with plain packaging, designed/logo cigarette packaging leads to positive implicit attitudes. These findings support the effectiveness of plain packaging regulations where the removal of color, design and logo from cigarette packaging will decrease positive implicit attitudes formed by cigarette packaging. Keywords: implicit attitudes, plain packaging, cigarette packaging, addiction ...

Prevalence and Perceptions of Cigarettes, Vaping, and Waterpipe Among Veterans

Research Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy Prevalence and Perceptions of Cigarettes, Vaping, and Waterpipe Among Veterans Dana El Hajj, PhD, RN*, Patricia Valverde, PhD, Catherine Battaglia, PhD, RN, Allan V. Prochazka, M.D., M.Sc., Paul. F Cook, PhD University of North Carolina in Wilmington, Rocky Mountain Regional VA Medical Center Aurora, CO Introduction: Vaping has become an epidemic with serious health concerns. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recently released a national alert on vaping hazards and its associations with a mysterious lung disease. The prevalence of alternative tobacco products such as waterpipe and vaping have been on the rise, with health hazards similar to those of cigarettes. However, the public is less aware of those hazards. Because the literature on alternative tobacco use among Veterans is limited, the purpose of this study is to examine veterans’ use, perceptions, and knowledge of the hazards linked to alternative tobacco products. Materials and Methods: A convenience sample of 200 veterans seeking medical care at the Rocky Mountain Regional VA Medical Center, primary care clinics completed a survey on tobacco use. Results: Cigarettes remain the most prevalent form of tobacco used by veterans. The prevalence of “ever use” of waterpipe and/or vaping was 21% among participants, and almost all of those participants also reported cigarette use, 20.5%. About 42% of participants were unaware of harm levels from waterpipe. Discussion: Veterans are unaware of the risks associated with vaping and other alternative tobacco products and show similar use rates as the general population. Because educational campaigns have proven to be successful in decreasing smoking, the next step is to conduct educational campaigns on the hazards of alternative tobacco products among the veteran population to address myths and misperceptions regarding those products. Keywords: Cigarettes, vape, veterans, waterpipe, alternative tobacco ...

Cultural Competence, Race, and Ethnicity in Community Based Recovery Treatment Programs

Review Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy Cultural Competence, Race, and Ethnicity in Community Based Recovery Treatment Programs Pascal Scoles, DSW,LCSW Professor, Behavioral Health and Human Services and Director, Office of Collegiate Recovery, Community College of Philadelphia, PA. Cultural competence is more than speaking the language or recognizing the cultural icons of a given group of individuals. Treating the individual is treating their culture. A culturally competent treatment professional must acknowledge an individual’s cultural strengths, values, and experiences while encouraging behavioral and attitudinal change. A significant variable in the change process is the relationship between racial or ethnic matching of clients and counselors. Successful treatment reveals a group of cultural dynamics on how this therapeutic alliance might affect treatment outcomes. To meet these complex cultural challenges, the movement towards a pluralistic cultural framework of helping with its bilingual and bicultural sensitivity appears to be a significant variable to engage the community and the individual in the healing process. Environmental exposures, such as pollution, high-crime areas, and lack of parks or playgrounds, social services, such as transportation, housing, and childcare, mental health care, significantly impact on lifestyle choices. Building strong, grassroots recovery community organizations (RCOs) and linking RCOs into a national movement to develop recovery leaders, offer many opportunities for the recovery community. It helps people in recovery, family members, friends, and allies to express their collective individual and neighborhood voices on issues of common concern by providing a forum for recovery-focused community services that support individual growth. Keywords: Cultural Competence, Race, Ethnicity, Community Based Recovery Treatment Programs ...

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1. Avinaba Mukherjee, Sourav Sikdar, Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh. Evaluation of ameliorative potential of isolated flavonol fractions from Thuja occidentalis in lung cancer cells and in Benzo(a) pyrene induced lung toxicity in mice. International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0013. 
2. Vikas Gupta, Parveen Bansal, Junaid Niazi, Kamlesh Kohli, Pankaj Ghaiye. Anti-anxiety Activity of Citrus paradisi var. duncan Extracts in Swiss Albino Mice-A Preclinical Study. Journal of Herbal Medicine Research, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0006.

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International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy (ISSN:2637-8795; DOI:10.28933/IJART) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Addiction Research and Therapy (Indexing information).

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International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy

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