International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy


The Effect of Plain Cigarette Packaging on Implicit Attitudes

Research Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy The Effect of Plain Cigarette Packaging on Implicit Attitudes  Saadet Merih Cengel1*, Onur Noyan1, Nesrin Dilbaz1  1Uskudar University.  Rationale: The significance of this research stems from the impact implicit attitudes have on smoking behavior, where positive implicit attitudes can result in a greater likelihood of smoking behavior. Even though it has previously been argued that implicit attitudes can drive addictive behavior there is a lack of research on whether cigarette packaging has an influence on implicit attitudes. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of plain cigarette packaging and designed/logo cigarette packaging on implicit attitudes. Methods: Implicit attitudes towards cigarette packaging were assessed by means of the Brief Implicit Association Test (BIAT). A questionnaire was conducted to assess sociodemographic and smoking behavior. The Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) was used to assess level of dependence. The sample consisted of 264 participants. Results: BIAT indicate a significant association between designed/logo cigarette packaging and positive implicit attitudes (Mean d-score > .15). Cigarette packaging design’s influence on implicit attitudes is positive (Mean d-score = .22), where there is a slight association between designed/logo packaging and positive implicit attitudes. Conclusions: When compared with plain packaging, designed/logo cigarette packaging leads to positive implicit attitudes. These findings support the effectiveness of plain packaging regulations where the removal of color, design and logo from cigarette packaging will decrease positive implicit attitudes formed by cigarette packaging. Keywords: implicit attitudes, plain packaging, cigarette packaging, addiction ...

Prevalence and Perceptions of Cigarettes, Vaping, and Waterpipe Among Veterans

Research Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy Prevalence and Perceptions of Cigarettes, Vaping, and Waterpipe Among Veterans Dana El Hajj, PhD, RN*, Patricia Valverde, PhD, Catherine Battaglia, PhD, RN, Allan V. Prochazka, M.D., M.Sc., Paul. F Cook, PhD University of North Carolina in Wilmington, Rocky Mountain Regional VA Medical Center Aurora, CO Introduction: Vaping has become an epidemic with serious health concerns. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recently released a national alert on vaping hazards and its associations with a mysterious lung disease. The prevalence of alternative tobacco products such as waterpipe and vaping have been on the rise, with health hazards similar to those of cigarettes. However, the public is less aware of those hazards. Because the literature on alternative tobacco use among Veterans is limited, the purpose of this study is to examine veterans’ use, perceptions, and knowledge of the hazards linked to alternative tobacco products. Materials and Methods: A convenience sample of 200 veterans seeking medical care at the Rocky Mountain Regional VA Medical Center, primary care clinics completed a survey on tobacco use. Results: Cigarettes remain the most prevalent form of tobacco used by veterans. The prevalence of “ever use” of waterpipe and/or vaping was 21% among participants, and almost all of those participants also reported cigarette use, 20.5%. About 42% of participants were unaware of harm levels from waterpipe. Discussion: Veterans are unaware of the risks associated with vaping and other alternative tobacco products and show similar use rates as the general population. Because educational campaigns have proven to be successful in decreasing smoking, the next step is to conduct educational campaigns on the hazards of alternative tobacco products among the veteran population to address myths and misperceptions regarding those products. Keywords: Cigarettes, vape, veterans, waterpipe, alternative tobacco ...

Cultural Competence, Race, and Ethnicity in Community Based Recovery Treatment Programs

Review Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy Cultural Competence, Race, and Ethnicity in Community Based Recovery Treatment Programs Pascal Scoles, DSW,LCSW Professor, Behavioral Health and Human Services and Director, Office of Collegiate Recovery, Community College of Philadelphia, PA. Cultural competence is more than speaking the language or recognizing the cultural icons of a given group of individuals. Treating the individual is treating their culture. A culturally competent treatment professional must acknowledge an individual’s cultural strengths, values, and experiences while encouraging behavioral and attitudinal change. A significant variable in the change process is the relationship between racial or ethnic matching of clients and counselors. Successful treatment reveals a group of cultural dynamics on how this therapeutic alliance might affect treatment outcomes. To meet these complex cultural challenges, the movement towards a pluralistic cultural framework of helping with its bilingual and bicultural sensitivity appears to be a significant variable to engage the community and the individual in the healing process. Environmental exposures, such as pollution, high-crime areas, and lack of parks or playgrounds, social services, such as transportation, housing, and childcare, mental health care, significantly impact on lifestyle choices. Building strong, grassroots recovery community organizations (RCOs) and linking RCOs into a national movement to develop recovery leaders, offer many opportunities for the recovery community. It helps people in recovery, family members, friends, and allies to express their collective individual and neighborhood voices on issues of common concern by providing a forum for recovery-focused community services that support individual growth. Keywords: Cultural Competence, Race, Ethnicity, Community Based Recovery Treatment Programs ...

Anger and Aggression in Gambling Disorder

Research Article of International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy Anger and Aggression in Gambling Disorder Arshad Mahmood1, Tony Toneato2* 1Independent Practice. 2PhD. Director, Buddhism, Psychology and Mental Health, New College, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. Higher rates of anger and aggression have been observed in problem gamblers. In this cross-sectional study the relationship between anger, aggression and a community sample of problem gamblers was examined within two subtypes of gambling: Perceived Skill Gambling (sports, cards, track) and Chance Gambling (bingo, lotteries, slot machines) gambling. Aggression and anger were assessed by the Aggression Questionnaire (AQ) and the Trait Anger Scale (TAS), respectively. Results indicated that Perceived Skill Gamblers (i.e., sports, card, track) scored higher on expressing anger on the AQ as well as on the hostility, physical and verbal and aggression subscales of the TAS. There were no sex differences on any AQ subscale except for the Physical Aggression Subscale. We did not find gender differences on the TAS. The study shows evidence that Perceived Skill Gamblers experience more anger, hostility, physical and verbal aggression as measured by the AQ. The current findings contribute to an improved understanding of the complexity of the factors that are implicated in gambling disorder, and suggests that anger and aggression should be routinely assessed among disordered gamblers seeking treatment. Keywords: problem gambling; anger; aggression; gambling treatment ...

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International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy (ISSN:2637-8795; DOI:10.28933/IJART) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Addiction Research and Therapy (Indexing information).

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International Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy

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