International Journal of Economics, Sociology and Education

Formation And Amalgamation Of Administrative Hubs In The Metekel Area (1941-74)

Review Article of International Journal of Economics, Sociology and Education FORMATION AND AMALGAMATION OF ADMINISTRATIVE HUBS IN THE METEKEL AREA (1941-74) Bogale Aligaiz Agalu Department of History, Injibara The study focuses on the formation and amalgamation of administrative hubs in the Metekel area (1941-74). Metekel is renowned in administrative reforms. The administrative restructurings of Metekel areas placed with in Agewmider Awraja, then progressed into Metekel Awraja in the Gojjam administrative region until the decline of Derg. Since 1991, it existed under the region six or Benishangul Gumuz Regional state with consist of woredas such as Dibate Mandura, Dangur, Bullan, Guba, Wambara and with Pawie Special Woreda under zonal capital, Gelgel Beles. This administrative reorganization caused conflict between Gumuz and neighboring non-Gumuz communities in the 1950s and 1960s. The conflict triggered by the tax collection system that finally marks the Gumuz revolt under leadership of individual, Lambecha and his supporters. The revolt crushed by joint forces of government, Agewmider and Metekel Awrajas and it opened unending settlement of the non-Gumuz communities from Wollo, South Gondar and Gojjam. The continuous settlement of non-Gumuz communities in Metekel areas bring about enmity with Gumuz communities. However, their hostility could be solved by a bond of relationship was wadja. Keywords: Metekel, Administrative, Conflict, Spontaneous ...

The Impact of China’s Prohibition of Importing Solid Waste on the World Economy Based on Autoregressive Model

Research Article of International Journal of Economics, Sociology and Education The Impact of China's Prohibition of Importing Solid Waste on the World Economy Based on Autoregressive Model Yishuai Tian1*, Qian Cao2, Siguang Zheng3, Boying Lv1 1College of Hydraulic & Environmental Engineering, China Three Gorges University, Yichang 443002, China. 2College of Foreign Languages, China Three Gorges University, Yichang, 443002, China. 3College of Electrical Engineering & New Energy, China Three Gorges University, Yichang, 443002, China. To explore the impact of China’s ban on the import of solid waste on the world economy and the environment. In this paper, a VR autoregressive model based on time series was established. India, Malaysia, the United States, and Japan were selected as countries affected by China’s ban on waste imports to replace the impact on the world. The GDP and CO2 emissions of various countries are used as indicators to measure the economy and the environment. By predicting the data that China has not implemented the ban on the collection of imported waste and comparing it with the data after the actual implementation, it was found that: after the promulgation of the policy, the environmental quality of the major importing countries declined and the economy increased. The economic impact of the significant solid waste exporting countries is not apparent, and environmental pollution increases slightly. Keywords: Time series; Solid waste; GDP; CO2; ...

The role of corporate governance and ownership structure in the dividend smoothing behavior of Asian firms

Research Article of International Journal of Economics, Sociology and Education The role of corporate governance and ownership structure in the dividend smoothing behavior of Asian firms Shakeel Ahmed, Syed Zulfiqar Ali Shah, Arshad Ali Bhatti International Islamic University The study attempts to explore the determinants of dividend smoothing behavior of Asian firms during the period from 2009-2018. The study used firm’s specific characteristics, corporate governance and ownership structure variables as determinants of dividend smoothing in Asia due to their unique features from Western markets. Based on gender critical mass theory, the study finds the presence of gender critical mass is positive and significantly associated with firm dividend smoothing behavior; whereas, presence of fever women depicts negative or insignificant association with dividend smoothing behavior. In addition, study finds that firms with board interlock and larger in size don’t follow dividend smoothing. In contrast, the findings show that higher market to book value leads to firm’s dividend smoothing behavior. Importantly, the study also finds moderation role of gender diversity between family ownership and firm’s dividend smoothing behavior. Importantly, the study splits the sample into male and female CEO and findings show that the role of gender diversity is more pronounced in firms with male CEO. These results are consistent with the predictions of gender critical mass theory. Further, contrary to the agency theory based explanations of dividend smoothing, firms with family ownership smooth dividend more. These findings suggest that gender critical mass, family ownership and higher market to book value contribute positively in dividend smoothing behavior in Asian market. Keywords: Dividend smoothing, corporate governance, ownership structure, fixed effects method, random effects method ...

Impact of Money Supply, Gross National Saving and Economic Growth on Inflation Rate

Review Article of International Journal of Economics, Sociology and Education Impact of Money Supply, Gross National Saving and Economic Growth on Inflation Rate Endashaw Sisay Sirah Department of Economics, Mizan Tepi University The quantity theory of money, inflation monetary theory, modern quantity theory of money and inflation, new inflation, structural inflation theory, a new neo-classical synthesis of inflation, neo political macro-economics of inflation and Phillips curve theories are gratified. Just like several developed and developing countries, in Ethiopia one of the incredible macroeconomic objectives is to improving the living standard of peoples with low inflation. Though, there has been substantial argument on the condition of the inflation and economic growth correlation. In the late 1970s and at the beginning of 1980s, various nations, comprising the United States, practiced great inflation. A comprehensive agreement arose that this routine was undesirable, and monetary officials all over the world agreed policies intended to reduce high inflation. If inflation is painfully high, policymakers distinguished what track they desirable to down inflation even though they were indeterminate of its final terminus. Inflationary delinquent has become the greatest significant macroeconomic tricky of the Ethiopian economy in current existences. Mainly for this review the author used five empirical papers which focused on the impact of money supply, economic growth and gross national saving on inflation. The result imply that on some researches money supply (in long run and short run) and real growth domestic product (in long run) has positive and negative impact on inflation rate in Ethiopia respectively. Some of the studies proved that there is negative relationship between inflation rate and gross national saving. The causality result implies as there is bi-directional causality between inflation rate and money supply. Some of the studies also finalized that real gross domestic product unidirectional granger cause inflation rate ...

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International journal of Economics, Sociology and Education