International Journal of Food and Nutrition Research


Food security in the time of Coronavirus (COVID-19). The Argentine case

Research Article of International Journal of Food and Nutrition Research Food security in the time of Coronavirus (COVID-19). The Argentine case Leda Giannuzzi Toxicology Laboratory, Exacts Sciences College, National University of La Plata (UNLP), La Plata, Buenos Aires. Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo en Criotecnología de Alimentos (CIDCA), CCT-La Plata. Facultad Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Street 47 and 116 (1900) La Plata, Argentina. The context of pandemic of the human coronavirus COVID-19, preventive strategies based on mandatory social isolation (quarantine) were imposed by governments to reduce transmission in the community. However, they have had a strong impact on the economies of the countries and on the people as massive layoffs, decreased wages, uncertainty, inability to work formally, increasing precariousness and inequality and food insecurity. Without a doubt, the pandemic surprised Argentina without the necessary tools to amortize the attacks of the disease, and all the collateral consequences that emerge from it. The concept of food insecurity represents a situation or a process experienced by households in which there is a limited and uncertain availability of the quantity and quality of food that allow covering the nutritional requirements of people, thus as an also limited and uncertain availability of the ability to acquire them in an acceptable way from a social and cultural perspective. This work addresses household food insecurity at the micro-social level based on their own surveys and describes the strategies carried out by households in the metropolitan area of Buenos Aires city, Argentina to withstand the effect. FI status was assessed among 200 adult university students a mean age of 28±6 years (57% female, 43% male) during isolation period in April -May 2020 using the food insecurity experience scale (FIES). The students responded affirmatively and with a higher percentage value to the items related to ...

In-Vitro Starch Hydrolysis and Prediction of Glycaemic Indices of Biscuits Produced from Wheat, African Walnut and Moringa Seed Flour Blends

Research Article of International Journal of Food and Nutrition Research In-Vitro Starch Hydrolysis and Prediction of Glycaemic Indices of Biscuits Produced from Wheat, African Walnut and Moringa Seed Flour Blends Wabali, Victor Chigozie1, Giami, Sunday Yortee2, Kiin-Kabari, David Barine2* and Akusu, Ohwesiri Monday2 1Department of Food, Home Science and Nutrition, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. 2Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Rivers State University, Nkpolu-Oroworukwo, Port Harcourt, Nigeria. African walnut and moringa seed were procured and processed into flours. Biscuits were thus produced from different blends of wheat flour (WHF), African walnut flour (AWF) and moringa seed flour (MSF) in the ratios of (WHT:AWF:MSF) 100:0:0, 77.5:20:2.5, 75:20:5, 72.5:20:7.5, 70:20:10, 90:0:10, 80:20:0 and labelled from A to G, respectively. The produced biscuits were evaluated for dietary fibre content, in-vitro starch hydrolysis and predicted glycaemic indices. The results of dietary fibre content of the biscuits revealed that sample E was significantly higher with a value of 0.72g compare to other samples. Dietary fibre content of the biscuits increased as the level of substitution with moringa seed flour increased. Results of the in-vitro starch hydrolysis of the biscuits showed that the percentage starch hydrolysed reached its peak at 120 min of digestion and after which, a reduction steps in as digestion time increases. Equilibrium concentration, hydrolysis index and predicted glycaemic indices of the biscuits reduced as the level of substitution of moringa seed flour increased. It revealed sample E with Equilibrium concentration value of 48.06, hydrolysis index of 51.66% and predicted glycaemic index of 68.07. Thus, the blends of 70:20:10 (WHT:AWF:MSF) which represented sample E could be used as medium glycaemic index food. Keywords: Dietary fibre; Starch hydrolysis; Glycaemic index; Biscuits; Moringa seed; African Walnut ...

EATING DISORDERS AND THEIR RISK FACTORS IN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS: AN INTEGRATIVE REVIEW

Review Article of International Journal of Food and Nutrition Research EATING DISORDERS AND THEIR RISK FACTORS IN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS: AN INTEGRATIVE REVIEW Lívia Lócio Rosado de Oliveira¹*; William Barros Agrelli Girão2; Eduardo Tomilheiro de Farias3; Mateus Cotias Filizola4, Wirley Matias Alves Martins Duarte5; Edmundo de Oliveira Gaudêncio6 1Estudante do Curso de Medicina da Faculdade Pernambucana de Saúde,2, 3,4 Estudante do Curso de Medicina da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco – UFPE; 5Estudante do Curso de Medicina da Universidade UFCG,  6Professor Associado II da Universidade Federal de Campina Grande Introduction: Eating disorders are psychiatric disorders that lead to biopsychosocial impairment with high rates of morbidity and mortality in the population. The prevalence of eating disorders in college students is quite significant, especially in health and female courses, associated with poor diet, and the influence of the media on the perfect body, becoming a social problem and public health that should be addressed in the daily lives of health professionals. Objectives: Analyze in literature the risk factors in college students for eating disorders. Methodology: The research took place in the CAPES Periodicals, PubMed and VHL Regional Portal. Descriptors were the terms: "Eating Disorders and Food Intake", "Risk Factors" and "Students". Articles published between 2014 and 2018 were included. Results: Of the 3287 articles found, only eleven were included in the review. Evidence was found that eating disorders may result from personal body perception associated with poor diet and excessive alcohol consumption. It can be expressed through the personal need to satisfy the physical image with the psychological, almost always unreachable. Evidence was also found that eating disorders are associated with higher parental education, living in urban areas, eating outside the home and the first two years after college entry. Conclusion: The literature on the interaction between eating disorders and risk factors is still incipient ...

Fast Food: “The Real Costs Never Appear on the Menu”

Review Article of International Journal of Food and Nutrition Research Fast Food: “The Real Costs Never Appear on the Menu” Abdul Kader Mohiuddin Dr. M. Nasirullah Memorial Trust, Tejgaon, Dhaka 1215, Bangladesh Menus, as lists of prepared foods, provides origin of the food items (Thai, Chinese, Continental), restaurant’s mission, chef’s philosophy of cooking, brief idea about food processing, special combo offers along with their cost. The colorful menu or flyers attracts fast food lovers to spend more and more in their favorite restaurants for both its decadent yumminess and its ultra-convenience. Calculation of monetary cost gets more priorities than the actual hidden health costs, as usual. Food that is fried such as in a fast food restaurant is usually cooked in oil that has been heated and used multiple times. One serving in a fast food restaurant may has 100 times the level of aldehydes designated as safe by the WHO. Although there are a growing number of healthier fast food options, most fast food can still be classified as junk food. Eating a poor-quality diet high in junk food is linked to a higher risk of obesity, depression, digestive issues, heart disease and stroke, type 2 diabetes, cancer, and early death. Keywords: Fast Food, health ...

Dr. Xue Wu ZHANG
Professor, South China University of Technology, 381 Wushan Road, Guangzhou 510640, People’s Republic of China

Dr. Yuan Soon Ho
Distinguished Professor/Director, Graduate Institute of Medical Science, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University

Prof. Dr. Mahmoud Abd-Allah Mohamed Saleh
Chief Researcher , Special Food & Nutrition, Dept., Food Technology Res. Inst (FTRI), Agric. Res. Center, (ARC), 9 El-Gamma st., Giza, Egypt

Dr. Khaled Saad Zaghloul Ali
Associate Professor, Faculty of Medicine, Pediatric Department, Assiut University

Dr. Vikas Kumar
Assistant Professor (Food Technology and Nutrition), School of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University

Dr. Majid Sharifi-Rad
Department of Range and Watershed Management, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Zabol

Dr Rodney Alexandre Ferreira Rodrigues
Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Centro Pluridisciplinar de Pesquisas Químicas e Biológicas

Dr. Carolina Veronezi
Research Scientist & Teacher, University of the State of Minas Gerais – UEMG and Union of Great Lakes Colleges – UNILAGO

Dr. Pankaj Kumar Singh
Assistant Professor, Department of Animal Nutrition, Bihar Animal Sciences University

Dr. Guang Hao
Georgia Prevention Institute, Department of Population Health Sciences, Medical College of Georgia. Augusta University

Dr. Umar Farooq
Associate Professor, Department of Food Science and Technology, Muhammad Nawaz Shareef University of Agriculture

Dr. Ionel BONDOC
Associate Professor, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Iasi, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Iasi (ROMANIA), Department of Public Health

Dr. Leqi Cui
Assistant Professor, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Shaanxi, China

Dr. Heba Hassan Abd-El Azim Salama
Associate Professor, National Research Centre, Food Industries and Nutrition Division

Dr. Jong-Bang Eun
Professor, Department of Food Science and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life Science, Chonnam National University

Dr. Monica BUTNARIU
Professor, habilitated doctor, chemist, Chemistry & Biochemistry Discipline, Banat’s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine “King Michael I of Romania” from Timisoara, 300645, Calea Aradului 119, Timis, Romania,

Dr. Victor Hugo Gomes Sales
Professor, Department of food technology, Instituto Federal do Amapá

Dr. Kamila Nascimento
PhD in Food Science and Technology – Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro – RJ, Brazil

Dr. Krešimir Mastanjević
Assistant Professor, Name and address of employer, Type of business or sector University in Osijek, Faculty of Food Technology, Franje Kuhača 20, 31000 Osijek, Croatia Science and higher education

Dr. Theophine Akunne
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Nigeria, Nsukka 410001, Nigeria

Dr Kasim S. Abass
Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, University of Kirkuk

Dr Zhuo Wang
The Wistar Institute, Philadelphia, PA

Dr. Sheikh Adil Hamid
Assistant Professor, Division of Livestock Production and Management, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry

Dr Nishant P. Visavadiya
Biodesign Institute, Arizona State University, USA

Dr. Poliana Mendes de Souza
Federal University of Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri

Dr. Rajinder Pal Singh Bajwa
Niagara Falls Mem Med Center, Division of Infectious Diseases, 621 Tenth Street, Niagara Falls, NY 14301.

Dr. Subrota Hati
Assistant Professor, Dept. Dairy Microbiology, Anand Agricultural University

Dr. İlknur UCAK
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Technologies, Nigde Omer Halisdemir University

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1. Agustina Irazusta, Russell Caccavello, Luis Panizzolo, Alejandro Gugliucci, Alejandra Medrano. The potential use of Mentha x piperita L., Peumus boldus Mol. and Baccharis trimera Iless. extracts as functional food ingredients. International Journal of Food and Nutrition Research, 2018; 2:14. DOI: 10.28933/ijfnr-2018-09-1001 
2. Rabia Syed and Ying Wu.A review article on health benefits of Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp). International Journal of Food and Nutrition Research, 2018; 2:15. DOI: 10.28933/ijfnr-2018-09-0301

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International journal of food and nutrition research

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