International Journal of Natural Science and Reviews


Plant Species Diversity for Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation

Review Article of International Journal of Natural Science and Reviews Plant Species Diversity for Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Bikila Mengistu Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Sinana Agricultural Research Center, P.O. Box 208, Bale-Robe, Ethiopia Climate is one of the most important factors that influence and determine the behavior, abundance and distribution of species, as well as having a strong influence on the ecology of habitats and ecosystems structure. Changes in the behavior, abundance and distribution of species are linked to climate. Diversity and plant species are highly interlinked and the relationship between biodiversity and climate change should be explored from several perspectives. This variety provides the building blocks to adapt to changing environmental conditions which are caused due to climate change. Conserved habitats can remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, thus helping to address climate change by storing carbon in the plant biomass. Climate is one of the major limiting factors which determine the survival and growth of plants. The conservation and restoration of biodiversity and ecosystem services can play a key role in helping societies to adapt to climate change. Biodiversity is affected by climate change, but biodiversity, through the ecosystem services and function it supports, also makes an important contribution to both climate-change mitigation and adaptation. Maintenance of agro-biodiversity and carbon sequestration through the process of photosynthesis is the two important and complementary environmental services of agro-ecosystems. Climate change affects biodiversity and one of the causes of biodiversity loss. At the same time climate change will accelerate further if biodiversity and ecosystems are not effectively protected. Generally due to the variation of genetic makeup within pants, different plant species diversity plays a great role in climate change adaption and mitigation process. Keywords:Adaptation, carbon, climate change, diversity, mitigation ...

Thermodynamics of the origin of life, evolution, and aging

Review Article of International Journal of Natural Science and Reviews Thermodynamics of the origin of life, evolution, and aging G. P. Gladyshev Russian Academy of Arts; International Academy of Creative Endeavors; N.N. Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117977 Moscow, Kosygin, 4 The main provisions of hierarchical thermodynamics created on the basis of Gibbs thermodynamics are presented. The thermodynamic theory of the origin of life, its evolution and the aging of living beings is presented. The theory considers the change in the specific Gibbs function of the formation of structures of different hierarchies, that is, the change in the comparative stability of these structures in the course of their evolutionary transformations. The described approach should be considered structural kinetic thermodynamics, which allows us not to consider any kinetic mechanisms of processes in the evolution of various hierarchical structures. It is asserted that the principle of substance stability determines the direction of the processes of the origin of life and its evolutionary transformations. The thermodynamic theory of aging and thermodynamic nutrition allows predictions concerning healthy life and its duration. It is shown that hierarchical thermodynamics is the physical foundation of expanded Darwinism. All the conclusions and predictions of the theory are confirmed by numerous observations and experimental facts. Keywords: thermodynamics, hierarchy, origin of life, evolution, chemical evolution, aging, Darwinism, natural design ...

The Unified Theory of Physics

Research Article of International Journal of Natural Science and Reviews The Unified Theory of Physics Ding-Yu Chung Utica, Michigan, USA The unified theory of physics is based on both symmetry physics and contrast physics to unify all physical laws and phenomena, all four fundamental forces, and all elementary particles. Conventional symmetry physics preserves the physical features of a system under transformation by a symmetry operator. In unconventional contrast physics, yin and yang constitute a binary yinyang system of contrary physical properties by yin and yang operators. The three fundamental symmetry operators transform the three fundamental yinyang systems (inclusiveness-exclusiveness, rest-movement, and composite-individual) into the unified theory of physics. In the inclusiveness-exclusiveness system, a particle is transformed into boson with inclusive occupation of position by the integer spin operator, while a particle is transformed into fermion with exclusive occupation of position by the ½ spin operator. The fundamental symmetry operator is supersymmetry to result in M-theory and cosmology. In the rest-movement system, a moving massless particle (kinetic energy) is transformed into a resting massive particle (rest mass) by the attachment space (denoted as 1) operator to explain the Higgs field, while a resting massive particle is transformed into a moving massless particle by the detachment space (denoted as 0) operator to explain the reverse Higgs field. The fundamental symmetry operator is the symmetrical combination of attachment space and detachment space to bring about the three space structures: binary partition space, (1)n(0)n, for wave-particle duality, binary miscible space, (1+0)n, for relativity, and binary lattice space, (1 0)n, for virtual particles in quantum field theory. In the composite-individual system, particles are transformed into fractional charge quark composite by the fractional electric charge operator, while particles are transformed into integral charge particle individuals by the integral electric charge operator. The fundamental symmetry operator is the ...

A Vortex Formulation of Quantum Physics Setting Discrete Quantum States into Continuous Space-time

Research Article of International Journal of Natural Science and Reviews A Vortex Formulation of Quantum Physics Setting Discrete Quantum States into Continuous Space-time Fred Y. Ye 1, 2* 1 School of Information Management, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, CHINA 2 International Joint Informatics Laboratory (IJIL), UI-NU, Champaign-Nanjing Any quantum state can be described by a vortex, which is mathematically a multi-vector and physically a united-measure. When the vortex formulation of quantum physics is introduced, Hamilton principle keeps its core position in physical analysis. While the global characteristics are described by Lagranrian function for dynamics and double complex core function for stable states, Schrödinger equation and gauge symmetries reveal local characteristics. The vortex-based physics provides a new unified understanding of wave-particle duality and uncertainty, quantum entanglement and teleportation, as well as quantum information and computation, with setting discrete quantum states into continuous space-time for keeping concordance of methodology in processing micro-particle and macro-galaxy. Two fundamental experiments are suggested to correct and verify the physical formulation. Keywords: Vortex; vortex formulation; quantum mechanism; quantum state; quantum physics; space-time ...

Dr. Indrasena R Kummetha
University of California San Diego (UCSD), Department of Pediatrics, 9500 Gilman Drive, MC 0762, BRF-11, Room NO:2220, San Diego, California, 92093, USA

Dr. Zhiqiang Hou
Senior Research AssociateCenter for Alzheimer’s and Neurodegenerative Diseases,UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390

Dr. Ayman EL Sabagh
Assistant professor, agronomy department, faculty of agriculture, kafresheikh university, Egypt; visiting scientist at Field Crops Department ,Faculty of Agriculture , Cukurova University, Turkey

Dr. Sedat Karadavut
Assistant Professor, Agricultural Structers and İrrigation (Biosystems Engineering), Trakya University/TURKEY

Dr. Harish Mudila
Asst. Professor, Dept. of Chemistry, Faculty of Technology and Sciences, Lovely Professional University

Dr. Deepak Kumar
Assistant Professor, School of Chemical Sciences and Physical Sciences, Lovely Professional University

Dr. Santosh Kumar Jha
Senior Faculty, School of Fashion Leather Accessories Design, Footwear Design & Development Institute (Government of India)

Dr. Kabita Mishra
Senior Research Fellow (Homoeopathy), D.D.P.R.-Central Research Institute for Homoeopathy , (Ministry of A.Y.U.S.H., Government of India)

Dr. Ayanabha Chakraborti
Senior Researcher, Department of Surgery, THT-1066, University of Alabama at Birmingham

Dr. Bibhuti Bhusan Sahoo
Scientist, Regional Research & Technology Transfer Station, (OUAT), Semiliguda

Dr. Abhishek Naik
Area Manager, Technology development department

Dr. Himanshu Kapoor
Assistant Professor, Department of Chemistry, Lovely Professional University

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1. Avinaba Mukherjee, Sourav Sikdar, Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh. Evaluation of ameliorative potential of isolated flavonol fractions from Thuja occidentalis in lung cancer cells and in Benzo(a) pyrene induced lung toxicity in mice. International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0013. 
2. Vikas Gupta, Parveen Bansal, Junaid Niazi, Kamlesh Kohli, Pankaj Ghaiye. Anti-anxiety Activity of Citrus paradisi var. duncan Extracts in Swiss Albino Mice-A Preclinical Study. Journal of Herbal Medicine Research, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0006.

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International Journal of Natural Science and Reviews (ISSN:2576-5086; DOI:10.28933/IJNSR) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Natural Science (indexing details).

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