International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews


Non-Contact Respiratory Rate Monitoring with raybaby in an NICU: An Observational Study

Research Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews Non-Contact Respiratory Rate Monitoring with raybaby in an NICU: An Observational Study Aardra Kannan Ambili1*, Prof. Dr. R. Kishore Kumar2, Anjali Palliyil Rajan3, Adrija Nag4, Sanchi Poovaya5 1CTO & Cofounder, rayIoT Solutions Inc, 2711 Centerville Road, Suite 400, Wilmington, Delaware 19808, USA. 2Senior Consultant Neonatologist, Cloudnine Hospitals, 1533, 1st Floor, 9th Main Road, JayaNagar 1st Block, Jaya Nagar East, Jayanagar, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India-560011. 3Head- Clinical Intelligence & Applications, rayIoT Solutions Inc, 2711 Centerville Road, Suite 400, Wilmington, Delaware 19808, USA. 4Product Associate, rayIoT Solutions Inc, 2711 Centerville Road, Suite 400, Wilmington, Delaware 19808, USA. 5COO & Cofounder, rayIoT Solutions Inc, 2711 Centerville Road, Suite 400, Wilmington, Delaware 19808, USA. Objectives: This study aimed at evaluating the reliability of respiratory rate obtained by a non-contact technology with respect to a medically validated monitor among preterm babies. Design: This observational study compared the respiratory rates from raybaby’s non-contact technology and FDA approved Earlysense unit for the same instants of time through 760 hours of monitoring. 18 preterm babies in the NICU of a paediatric specialty hospital in India were considered for the study. The raybaby device was installed in front of the incubator and the contact-free FDA approved device was placed below the mattress of the incubator. The Respiratory Rate monitored was displayed on the device’s monitoring screen. Respiratory rates from both devices were compared to calculate the agreement between the values. Correlation, Accuracy, Hit Percentage and Fit Curves for the non-contact technology of raybaby with respect to the clinically certified device. Results: With 760 hours of monitoring, 37404 breathing instances were analysed. This yielded an accuracy of 98%. 95% of the data points fell within the +/- 5 units error range which is usually followed by medical devices. Conclusions: Raybaby uses a ...

Importance of Psychoanalysis of Childhood Drawings for Prediagnosis of Mental Diseases

Research Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews Importance of Psychoanalysis of Childhood Drawings for Prediagnosis of Mental Diseases Matheus Alves Siqueira de Assunção1, Francisco Henrique da Silva2, Evandro Valentim da Silva3, Fálba Bernadete Ramos dos Anjos4 1Graduates of the Biological Sciences course - Bachelor's Degree, Biological Sciences Center, Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE); 2Department of Biochemistry, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil; 3Clinical Hospital (UFPE); 4Professor Doctor of the Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE). Psychoanalysis and its application in the biological area. The area of Psychology already presents a lot of research in the context, looking for artificial and laboratory situations; however, the importance of contextual analysis of the individual as a whole, of their daily activities and, from this, the understanding of their perceptions. Through psychoanalysis it is possible to observe widely the subject as a whole, not focusing on the presence of organic or genetic disorders, Ansermet (2003) addresses this problem by stating that “We cannot see the subject only as someone who manifests an organic or mental defect, according to the logic of disability”. The systems that compose and organize the environment, according to Bronfenbrenner (1996), are constituted by the fitting of concentric structures called microsystem, what presents itself as the most active and direct contact environments, such as family, school or social work relationships; mesosystem referring to two or more environments of active social participation; exosystem, understood as environments that influence events that take place in the immediate environment of social relationship; and macrosystem, which comprise, in addition to the behavior of individuals, the connections between other people, the nature of bonds and the direct or indirect influence on the developing individual in the contexts in which they live and act actively. The use of psychoanalysis as a tool to decipher possible ...

Consequences of Covid 19 Pandemic on Children

Research Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews Consequences of Covid 19 Pandemic on Children Suresh K* Public Health Consultant, India The Pandemic of SARS COV 2 popularly known as ‘Corona Virus19’ has affected 213 countries and territories around the world since the beginning of year 2020. All the countries have focused their attention acutely on the higher fatality rate the virus has caused among the elderly and launched a scientific enquiry on why children have emerged relatively unaffected. This pandemic has already amplified existing social fractures and inequalities and it is expected that all most all countries may take 5-10 years to return to their socio-economic status of 2019. Most importantly people are losing trust in healthcare system. As the Global tally of cases crosses 28 million cases and nearly 0.9 million deaths on 10th September 2020, with the highest daily case of 300,683 on 4 September 2020 and deaths of 8513 on 17 April 2020. However, the proportion or absolute number of cases and deaths in children is not readily available at Global, National, or even at local levels. In the beginning it was estimated that the children under 14 years contributed less than 0.5% and therefore the Children were not the face of this pandemic. The sub-national data in states reporting desegregated data in USA and India indicate that the children contribute between 0.1% to 10% in the recent weeks. The pandemic of COVID-19 initially appeared to cause only a mild illness in children and immediate health impact, or mortality rates were not alarming. A few weeks following the peak of COVID-19 epidemic in the US and the European Union, a novel systemic illness called Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) has been reported with devastating effect. Most importantly children’s risk being among its biggest ...

The Use of a Rapid Fluid Infusion System in Children

Research Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews The Use of a Rapid Fluid Infusion System in Children Sai Surapa Raju, MD1; Judy Fuller, RN2; Stacy L. Gaither, MSN, RN1; Hui-Chien Kuo, MS3; Inmaculada Aban, PhD3; Nancy M. Tofil, MD, MEd1 1University of Alabama at Birmingham, Department of Pediatrics 2Children’s Hospital of Alabama, Emergency Department 3University of Alabama at Birmingham, Pediatric Research Office Fluid resuscitation is the cornerstone of treatment for pediatric shock caused by conditions such as sepsis, dehydration, trauma, and anaphylaxis. Children presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) in shock have a high risk of mortality, and each hour of delay in shock reversal doubles the odds of death1,2. Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS) guidelines emphasize the importance of providing rapid fluid resuscitation to prevent the progression to hypotensive or refractory shock3. PALS and other septic shock guidelines recommend that patients receive a 20 mL/kg bolus of crystalloid immediately upon recognition of hypovolemic or distributive shock, with 20 mL/kg to be delivered within 5 minutes and up to 60 mL/kg within the first 15-60 minutes3-6. Studies based on these guidelines show that earlier fluid delivery directed at reversal of shock reversal leads to decreased morbidity7-9, mortality2,7,9-12, and hospital length of stay (LOS)9,11-13.  Unfortunately, timely fluid delivery is often not achieved due to the technical challenges of obtaining adequate vascular access and delivering fluid boluses quickly in patients with shock or hypotension11,14-16. Current methods of fluid bolus delivery in the pediatric emergency care setting include infusion pumps, gravity drip, pressure bags, rapid infusers, and the push-pull syringe technique17,18. Each of these methods are limited by speed, ease of use, or safety concerns. Infusion pumps provide a maximum rate of 999 mL per hour, which for a 25kg child would provide a 60 mL/kg bolus in 90 minutes ...

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1. Avinaba Mukherjee, Sourav Sikdar, Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh. Evaluation of ameliorative potential of isolated flavonol fractions from Thuja occidentalis in lung cancer cells and in Benzo(a) pyrene induced lung toxicity in mice. International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0013. 
2. Vikas Gupta, Parveen Bansal, Junaid Niazi, Kamlesh Kohli, Pankaj Ghaiye. Anti-anxiety Activity of Citrus paradisi var. duncan Extracts in Swiss Albino Mice-A Preclinical Study. Journal of Herbal Medicine Research, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0006.

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International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews (ISSN:2637-4978; DOI: 10.28933/IJOPRR) is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Pediatric Research and Reviews (Indexing details).

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International journal of Pediatric research and reviews

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