International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews


Predictive Value of Heart Rate Measures on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Critical Review of Select Recent Studies

Review Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Predictive Value of Heart Rate Measures on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Critical Review of Select Recent Studies Samantha L. Hemingway, M.A. School of Psychology, Fielding Graduate University, 2020 De La Vina St, Santa Barbara, CA 93105 Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterized by maladaptive psychophysiological changes, such as a reduced vagal tone and hyperarousal, indicating autonomic nervous system dysfunction. In particular, physiological measures of heart rate, and heart rate variability (HRV) have been linked with PTSD expression, indicating that these measures may have diagnostic value. It remains unclear, however, whether altered heart rate and HRV contribute to the risk of PTSD development. This paper provides an overview of the present understanding of psychophysiological factors that may causally contribute to the manifestation of PTSD. The predictive value of heart rate and HRV measures are evaluated. The following sources of evidence are critically reviewed: relationships between momentary HRV components and PTSD symptom severity, predictions of PTSD development from post-trauma heart rate, and predictions of PTSD development from pre-trauma HRV. Available data challenge preliminary findings that abnormalities in heart rate and HRV currently offer reliable insight into PTSD development, but suggest that with additional research, there is a promising role for physiological biomarkers of autonomic dysregulation in risk prediction of future psychopathology. Keywords: Posttraumatic stress disorder; Trauma; Heart rate; Heart rate variability; Psychophysiology; Autonomic nervous system; Risk ...

Play therapy as a diagnostic tool in rural families in Mexico

Research Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Play therapy as a diagnostic tool in rural families in Mexico Becerril Pérez María Santos1, Cervantes Bazán Karla Alejandra1, Sánchez Escobedo Pedro2* & Esquivel Ancona María Fayne1 1Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. 2Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán. The role of play therapy as a research tool is examined after its use in a project directed to study family with at least one migrant member in deprived rural contexts in Mexico. Eighteen families were approached throughout home visits as part of social support services. Videos of the interaction with family members by using play therapy techniques were analyzed with the purpose to establish its advantages and limitations to collect information about the family dynamics. It was found that play therapy is an effective research tool in family studies, since this is a non-intrusive way to elicit feelings, spontaneous behaviors, and change in the family dynamics. Some of the advantages and limitations of this technique are further discussed eliciting practical guidelines for its use. Keywords: Play therapy; Family dynamics; Research tools ...

Touching and Touch Deprivation During a COVID-19 Lockdown

Research Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Touching and Touch Deprivation During a COVID-19 Lockdown Tiffany Field1,2, Samantha Poling2, Shantay Mines2, Debra Bendell2, and Connie Veazey2 1University of Miami/Miller School of Medicine 2Fielding Graduate University Touching your kids and your partner, self-touching, and touch deprivation have had different effects on individuals during a COVID-19 lockdown. In this Survey Monkey study conducted during a COVID-19 lockdown (N= 260 respondents), 26% said they were touch deprived a lot, 21% said they were touching their kids a lot, 33 % touching their partner a lot, and 32% self-touching a lot (e.g. yoga and stretching). Correlation analyses suggested that touch deprivation was related to scores on the Stress, Anxiety, Depression, Fatigue, Sleep Disturbances and PTSD scales. The three types of touching were positively related to scores on the Health Scale, at home projects, and outdoor exercising with others. Touching partner was also related to lower scores on the Stress, Depression, and PTSD Scales and Self-touching was related to lower scores on the Fatigue and Sleep Disturbance Subscales. The results of these data analyses are limited by the self-reported data from a non-representative, cross-sectional sample. Nonetheless, they highlight the negative effects of touch deprivation and the positive effects of touching your kids and partners and self-touch during a COVID-19 lockdown. Keywords: health, stress, touch deprivation, touching your kids, touching partners ...

Transtorno Obsessivo Compulsivo

Research Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Transtorno Obsessivo Compulsivo Dennys Lapenda Fagundes Psychiatric and Sleep Doctor. Master in Neuropsychiatry in Federal University of Pernambuco. CBT Specialist Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a disease that affects many psychopathological segments with the predominance of obsessive ideas or uncontrollable behaviors. Obsessions are presented as intrusive thoughts that cause increased anxiety; while compulsions present themselves as repetitive behaviors or mental acts aimed at minimizing anxiety. OCD was considered a very rare and poor prognosis, but with advances in scientific research, this concept is in the process of changing. Keywords: Transtorno Obsessivo Compulsivo, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder ...

Dr. Ragea Mohamed Alqahtani
Dean, College of Education, Najran University, Saudi Arabia

Dr. Osama Hasan Gaber
Associate Professor of Psychology, College of Education – Najran University, Saudi Arabia

Dr. Putilov, Arcady A.
Chief researcher, Research Institute for Molecular Biology and Biophysics, Novosibirsk, Russia

Dr. Ana Paula Mendes Correia Couceiro Figueira
Assistant Professor, University of Coimbra , Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences

Dr. Sam Vaknin
Professor of Finance and Psychology in Centre for International Advanced and Professional Studies

Dr. M. Kubilay Akman
Associate Professor, Uşak University, Department of Sociology

Dr. Vittorio Lenzo
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Psychology Division, University of Messina, via A. Bivona 1, 98122 Messina

Dr. Salama Aqeel salama Al-mehsin
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology – Prince Sattam University Abdul Aziz -Saudi Arabia

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1.Sousa, R.A; Silva, W.R; Oliveira Melo, I.F.O; Silva, A.C.P.S; Vasconcelos, S.C; Silva, T.P.S. Training in Suicide Prevention for Health Professionals in Pernambuco. International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews, 2018, 1:5
2.Sousa, R.A; Silva, W.R; Fretas Júnior, P.B; Vasconcelos, S.C; Sougey, E.B; Silva, T.P.S. The Association of Psychosocial Factors With Suicidal Behavior in Adolescents. International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews, 2018, 1:4

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International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews (ISSN:2639-6041, DOI:10.28933/IJPRR) is a journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, and letters to the editor in Psychological Research and Reviews (Indexing details).

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International journal of psychological research and reviews

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