International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews


Adolescent Sexting: A Narrative Review

Review Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Adolescent Sexting: A Narrative Review Tiffany Field, PhD University of Miami/Miller School of Medicine; Fielding Graduate University This narrative review is based on a literature search on PsycINFO and PubMed that involved entering the terms adolescent sexting for papers published during the last five years. Following exclusion criteria, 52 papers could be classified as sexting studies including research on the prevalence, effects/comorbidities, risk factors and interventions for those problems. Most of the studies have been conducted in the U.S. where the prevalence of sexting has ranged from 5% to 29%. Sexting has typically been consensual, or at least the recipient has been known, although some forwarding of sext messages has occurred. The effects of sexting have included sexual activity, problematic relationships, mental health problems, other addictions and legal problems. The predictor or risk variables have included male gender, extraverted personality, low self-esteem, depression, impulsivity, peer pressure and the lack of parental monitoring. Like other literature on adolescent problems, this research is limited by primarily deriving from self–report and parent report and by the absence of longitudinal data that might inform whether the data being reported are effects of or risk factors for adolescent sexting and the need for prevention/intervention research. Keywords: sexting, adolescents, sexual activity ...

Adolescent Violence: A Narrative Review

Review Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Adolescent Violence: A Narrative Review Tiffany Field, PhD University of Miami/Miller School of Medicine; Fielding Graduate University This narrative review is based on a literature search on PsycINFO and PubMed entering the terms adolescent violence for papers published during the last five years. Following exclusion criteria, 58 papers could be classified as school–based violence (fighting) and dating violence including research on the prevalence and risk factors for these types of violence. The prevalence of school violence has varied by ethnicity, type of violence and culture. The risk factors for school violence are both intrapersonal and interpersonal. The intrapersonal factors include male gender, minority status, middle school level, maladaptive cognitive/ emotional strategies, depression, callous behavior, conduct problems, low cortisol and high testosterone, unhealthy conditions including concussions and obesity, drug abuse, self-harm, suicidal ideation and carrying weapons. The interpersonal factors include a lack of parental monitoring, conflict and violence in the family, exposure to violence and to violent social media. The prevalence of dating violence has also varied by gender and culture. The intrapersonal risk factors have included externalizing behavior, sexting both off-line and online, alcohol and marijuana misuse. The interpersonal risk factors include anxious attachment, family violence and peer rejection. Surprisingly, given the prevalence and severity of these problems, very little prevention/intervention research appears in this recent literature. Research is also missing on peer relationships, empathy and psychopathy as potential risk factors. Like other literature on adolescent problems, this research is limited by primarily deriving from self–report, parent report and hospital records. Keywords: adolescent violence, school-based violence, dating violence ...

Psychological Availability, Psychological Safety and Optimism as Predictors of Innovative Behavior among Workers

Research Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Psychological Availability, Psychological Safety and Optimism as Predictors of Innovative Behavior among Workers Okeke, Afamefefuna, O.1, Eze Christian N. 2, Oguegbe, T M. 3, Ogbonnaya, Chisom E. 4 1Department of Psychological Medicine,Ebonyi State University, Abakiliki, Ebonyi State. 2Department of Psychological medicine Ebonyi State University Abakaliki 3Department of Psychology Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka. 4Department of Psychology Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu Alike Ebonyi State The study examined psychological availability, psychological safety and optimism as predictors of innovative behavior at work among administrative staff of Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki (FETHA). A total of 120 workers comprising of 82 males and 38 females were used for the study with the mean age of 32.5, standard deviation of 11.2 and age range of 19-60. The participants were selected through multi stage sampling technique, Comprising of randomization and convenience sampling technique. The study made use of four instruments namely Psychological availability scale by Doglass (2004), psychological safety scale by Brown & Leigh, (1996), Life Orientation Test (LOT) developed by Scheier and carva (1985) to measure optimism and Innovative Work behavior Scale by Kleysen and Street (2001). The design for this study was a cross sectional survey design and hierarchical multiple regression was used for data analysis. The study tested three alternate hypotheses. Findings indicated that Psychological availability significantly predicted innovative behavior at work at β=.19.p< 0.01 which accepted hypothesis one. Psychological safety significantly predict innovative behavior at work at β=13,p<0.01 therefore accepting hypothesis two. Findings also indicated that optimism did predict work innovative behavior at β=.06,p< 0.01 thereby accepting hypothesis three. Hence, findings were discussed and it was recommended that health practitioners and professionals should ensure the buildup of physical, emotional and cognitive resources in their workers to ensure optimal performance in the work place ...

The Predictive Values of Percieved Self- efficacy and Perceived Social Support on Coping with HIV/AIDS’ Stigma

Research Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews The Predictive Values of Percieved Self- efficacy and Perceived Social Support on Coping with HIV/AIDS’ Stigma Okeke Afamefuna Obiora1, Ogbonnaya, Chisom E.2, Onyinye Jane Okoye1, Christian Nweke Eze1 1Department of psychological medicine Ebonyi State University Abakaliki, 2Department of Psychology Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu Alike Ebonyi State This study examined the predictive power of Perceived Self-Efficacy and Perceived Social Support on Coping with HIV/AIDS’ Stigma. The study seeks to ascertain whether perceived self-efficacy and perceived social support would predict coping with HIV/AIDS’ stigma among patients. Using a sample of 152, with a total number of males 49 with percentage of 32% and females 103 with a percentage of 68%. Their ages ranged from 18-70 and a mean age of 53 years. This was a survey research and the design adopted was correlational design based on the design a multiple regression analysis was adopted as an appropriate statistical tool for analysis. The multiple regression analysis of the first hypothesis which stated that self-efficacy will significantly predict coping among HIV/AIDS’ patients was confirmed at β= .55; t= 2.47, P<.05 significant level. Whereas, the second hypothesis which stated that social support will significantly predict coping among HIV/AIDS’ patients was confirmed at β= .24; t=3.10, P˂.05. The implications and limitations of the findings were discussed and suggestions for further studies were highlighted. Keywords: SELF-EFICACY, PERCEIVED SOCIAL SUPPORT COPING, HIV/AIDs STIGMA ...

Dr. Ragea Mohamed Alqahtani
Dean, College of Education, Najran University, Saudi Arabia

Dr. Osama Hasan Gaber
Associate Professor of Psychology, College of Education – Najran University, Saudi Arabia

Dr. Putilov, Arcady A.
Chief researcher, Research Institute for Molecular Biology and Biophysics, Novosibirsk, Russia

Dr. Ana Paula Mendes Correia Couceiro Figueira
Assistant Professor, University of Coimbra , Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences

Dr. Sam Vaknin
Professor of Finance and Psychology in Centre for International Advanced and Professional Studies

Dr. M. Kubilay Akman
Associate Professor, Uşak University, Department of Sociology

Dr. Vittorio Lenzo
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Psychology Division, University of Messina, via A. Bivona 1, 98122 Messina

Dr. Salama Aqeel salama Al-mehsin
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology – Prince Sattam University Abdul Aziz -Saudi Arabia

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1.Sousa, R.A; Silva, W.R; Oliveira Melo, I.F.O; Silva, A.C.P.S; Vasconcelos, S.C; Silva, T.P.S. Training in Suicide Prevention for Health Professionals in Pernambuco. International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews, 2018, 1:5
2.Sousa, R.A; Silva, W.R; Fretas Júnior, P.B; Vasconcelos, S.C; Sougey, E.B; Silva, T.P.S. The Association of Psychosocial Factors With Suicidal Behavior in Adolescents. International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews, 2018, 1:4

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International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews (ISSN:2639-6041, DOI:10.28933/IJPRR) is a journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, and letters to the editor in Psychological Research and Reviews (Indexing details).

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International journal of psychological research and reviews

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