International Research Journal of Public Health


Patient Satisfaction: Bangladesh Perspective

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Patient Satisfaction: Bangladesh Perspective Abdul Kader Mohiuddin Dr. M. Nasirullah Memorial Trust, Tejgaon, Dhaka 1215, Bangladesh Patient’s satisfaction is a useful measure to provide an indicator of quality in healthcare services. Concern over the quality of healthcare services in Bangladesh has led to loss of faith in healthcare providers, low utilization of public health facilities, and increasing outflow of Bangladeshi patients to hospitals in abroad. The main barriers to accessing health services are inadequate services and poor quality of existing facilities, shortage of medicine supplies, busyness of doctors due to high patient load, long travel distance to facilities, and long waiting times once facilities were reached, very short consultation time, lack of empathy of the health professionals, their generally callous and casual attitude, aggressive pursuit of monetary gains, poor levels of competence and, occasionally, disregard for the suffering that patients endure without being able to voice their concerns—all of these service failures are reported frequently in the print media. Such failures can play a powerful role in shaping patients’ negative attitudes and dissatisfaction with healthcare service providers and healthcare itself. Keywords: consultation length; patient waiting time; rural health facilities; unethical drug promotion; quality of future doctors ...

Impact of a school-based intervention to address iodine deficiency disorder in adolescent girls in Gilgit, Pakistan

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Impact of a school-based intervention to address iodine deficiency disorder in adolescent girls in Gilgit, Pakistan 1Nadir Shah,2Dr Mohammad Shahnawaz 2Ms Khoula Begum, 3Dr A.Uppal,3H. Ahmed 1Aga Khan Medical Center, Gilgit, Pakistan 2 Karakorum International University, Gilgit Pakistan 3Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad, Pakistan Iodine deficiency disorder (IDD) is a major public health problem in the high mountain population of Gilgit Baltistan province of Pakistan. In this study we evaluated the impact of iodine supplementation coupled with iodine nutrition education on IDD in adolescent girls. We conducted a pre- and post intervention study in a stratified random sample of 152 girls aged 10 to 19 years from four schools of Gilgit town in 2011. IDD was defined as having a goiter, and urinary iodine deficiency (<100 mcg/l). Five trained female research assistants conducted iodine nutrition education for 6 months. Out of 152 participants, 125 (83%) completed the study. The optimum salt iodine concentration (50 ppm) increased from 10.5% to 21.5% at the household level of the study participants. Consumption of iodine poor food decreased from 74.7% to 59.6% after the intervention. The mean urinary iodine concentration increased from 33.2mcg/L (SD±14.9) to 119.1 mcg/L (SD±65.8) over the study period and the change was statistically significant (p<0.05). At the end of the study 82.8% of the adolescent had no goiter compared to 72.4% at the baseline. This study showed improvement in iodized salt consumption and decreased IDD among the study adolescents. Keywords: IDD, Adolescent girls, Impact Indicators ...

Clean Water Standards, Environmental Hygiene Sanitation, and Vector Control in Prevention of Disease Transmission in Disaster in Lombok, Indonesia: A Systematic Review of Literature

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Clean Water Standards, Environmental Hygiene Sanitation, and Vector Control in Prevention of Disease Transmission in Disaster in Lombok, Indonesia: A Systematic Review of Literature Ahmadi, Roro Azizah Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Airlangga Natural disasters are events that cannot be avoided and desired by everyone. Water and hygiene are important determinants of survival at the beginning of post-disaster. An adequate amount of safe water is needed to prevent deaths from dehydration, therefore in the event of a disaster there is a need for standards to reduce the risk of water-related diseases, sanitation hygiene and vector control. This study aims to explain the concept of water standards, sanitation cleanliness and vector control as humanitarian steps in the event of a disaster. This study shows that the application of these concepts is useful for reducing disease transmission from environmental factors and disease vector exposure. The method in this study uses the epidemiological triangle model approach. Using this method, we set basic standards in humanitarian action at the disaster in Lombok to control the risk of environmental-based diseases. Details of this method are shown in the following which includes the Environment, Agent, and Host. Adjudication is mainly achieved through promoting good hygiene practices, providing safe water, reducing environmental health risks, and controlling infectious disease vectors. This condition will allow people to live healthy with dignity, comfort, and security. Keywords: clean water standards, disasters, environmental hygiene, sanitation, vector control ...

Estimation of Risk Factors for Cardio vascular Diseases in urban & semi-urban population: A prospective Observational Study

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Estimation of Risk Factors for Cardio vascular Diseases in urban & semi-urban population: A prospective Observational Study C.Nithish1, R.Bhanu Prasad2, M.Rakesh Reddy2, Mahitha Reddy1 1Department of clinical Pharmacy, Chalmeda Aanad Rao Institute of medical sciences & Vaageswari college of Pharmacy, Karimnagar, India.2Department of clinical Pharmacy, BBR Super Speciality Hospital & Sri Indhu institute of Pharmacy, Hyderabad, India Cardiovascular diseases (coronary heart disease, stroke, peripheral arterial disease) are the major causes of morbidity and mortality in type 2 diabetes. It has been reported that 60–80% of patients with diabetes die of cardiovascular events. Hypertension and Diabetes are the major causes for the cardio vascular diseases across the world particularly in India. In present study, in our study population, we found that males are more prone to CVD. Hypertension and Alcohol intake are the leading causes of Cardiovascular Diseases . Keywords: Cardio vascular diseases, Hypertension, Diabetes, Alcohol, smoking ...

Dr. Mohammad Hadi Dehghani
Professor, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences

Dr. Beatrice O. Ondondo 
Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Health Sciences, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Llandaff Campus, Western Avenue, Cardiff, CF5 2YB

Ms. Yau Sui Yu
Assistant Professor (Nursing), The Open University of Hong Kong C0924, The Open University of Hong Kong, 30, Good Shepherd Street, Ho Man Tin, Kowloon, Hong Kong

Dr. Mario Bernardo-Filho
Professor Titular, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro

Dr Anirudh V. Mutalik
Assistant Professor and Incharge Rural Health Training Centre. KMCT Medical College,Calicut

Dr. Hamdy Ahmad Sliem
Professor, Internal Medicine, Faculty of medicine, Suez Canal University, Egypt

Dr. Abdelrahman Y. Fouda
Vascular Biology Center, R.B. Caldwell lab, Augusta University

Dr. Kabita Mishra
Senior Research Fellow (Homoeopathy), D.D.P.R.-Central Research Institute for Homoeopathy , (Ministry of A.Y.U.S.H., Government of India)

Dr. Ionel BONDOC
Associate Professor, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Iasi, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Iasi (ROMANIA), Department of Public Health

Dr Col Narendra Singh
Professor Community Medicine, Central Govt Medical College & Hospital in Faridabad , India

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1. John P. Elliott, Andrew Elliott, Allison Cimler,Nardo Zaias, Sandra Escovar. Extraordinary Rapid Wound Healing Time in Diabetic Patients Treated with Microburst Insulin Infusion.International Research Journal of Public Health, 2018; 2:14. DOI:10.28933/irjph-2018-08-1001 
2. Blaurock-Busch E. and Nwokolo Chijioke C. Heavy Metals and Trace Elements in Blood, Hair and Urine of Nigerian Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder. International Research Journal of Public Health, 2018; 2:13. DOI:10.28933/irjph-2018-07-2201

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