International Research Journal of Public Health

Awareness and willingness to participate in medical screening programs, Taif city

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Awareness and willingness to participate in medical screening programs, Taif city Maram Al-Joudi, Fahad Al-Omari, Manal Al-Jabri, Elham Al-Gethami, Laila Al-Ghamri, Mahmood Osama, Waleed saud alsahafi, Mohammad alqarni, Marwa alrefaei Department of Family Medicine- prince sultan military hospital , armed forces hospital, Taif region Background: There is great impact of implementing evidence based screening programs on improving public health outcomes. When applied properly it will lead to prevent disease, reduce disability and cut mortality. 1st step in conducting such programs is awareness about current situation regarding knowledge and willingness of the targeted population for such programs. Objectives: To estimate level of knowledge about breast cancer, colorectal cancer and osteoporosis and assess willingness to participate in screening programs among resident of king Fahad airbase in Taif city. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study that was conducted among King Fahad Air base residents using an online survey to investigate the awareness of the residents of air base about the detection of some diseases. The study included all age groups and both genders, the study continued for 2 weeks. The survey investigated demographics of participants, their awareness about breast cancer, colon and rectum cancers, and osteoporosis regarding the prevalence, family history, and other questions associated with level of knowledge of such diseases. Results: The present study included 121 participants; most dominant age group represented 41.32% with an age range of 35-44 years old. Females were more dominant than males with 65.29%. Regarding family history, there were 6.61%, 5.83%, and 42.15% reported having a family history of breast cancer, colon and rectum cancers, and osteoporosis. Regarding the prevalence of breast cancer, there were 59.17% moderate in prevalence. Regarding colon and rectum cancers, there were 58.68% moderate in prevalence. There were 70.83% reported that osteoporosis is ...

Heat stroke and heat exhaustion among pilgrims: common signs and symptoms, laboratory profile and methods of managements

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Heat stroke and heat exhaustion among pilgrims: common signs and symptoms, laboratory profile and methods of managements Fahad AlOmari, Fahad Al Zolafi Family Medicine Department, Prince Sultan Military hospital, Taif, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Background: In the last few years, Hajj season is characterized by high temperature reached up to 46°C.Exposure to great hot environment accompanied with fatigue may result in different heat-related illnesses including heat cramps, heat exhaustion and heat stroke. Objectives: To investigate the types, symptoms, signs, laboratory parameters, associated chronic disease and medical management of heat illness experienced by pilgrims in the fields and emergency centers. Subjects and methods: It is an analytical cross sectional study conducted during Hajj season (2017-2018) including all patients exposed or attended the emergency departments or centers of management heat related medical problems in Ministry of Defense hospitals and centers in Makkah city, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. A prepared checklist was used to collect data about demographic characteristics of patients, associated risk factors, signs and symptoms as well as data about managements of heat stroke and heat exhaustions. Results: The study included 73 patients diagnosed with either heat exhaustion (52; 71.2%) or heat stroke (21; 28.8%). Their age ranged between 30 and 80 years (57.8±12.7). Males represent 57.5% of them. History of vaccination against seasonal influenza and meningitis was observed among 60% of them.Majority of the patients (74%) exposed to heat for 2-4 hours. The most frequent encountered symptoms were headache (82.2%), extreme weakness (80.8%), and dizziness/vertigo (78.1%). Their body temperature ranged between 31.6-41.2 ˚C (37.4±1.7).Glasgow coma scale ranged between 10 and 15 (14.5±1.2). Dry tongue, sunken eyes, skin rash and complications were observed among 68.5%, 31.5%, 11% and 4.1% of them, respectively. Admission for two hours or more was reported among 20 ...

Microbiological Analysis and pH Determination of Drinking Water Samples from Public Schools

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Microbiological Analysis and pH Determination of Drinking Water Samples from Public Schools in the Municipality of Recife/PE Rosana Maria da Conceição Silva1, Cléber José da Silva1, Bruno Joaquim de Santana2, Fabrícia Karla da Silva3 Federal University of Pernambuco1, Estacio of Recife University2, Maurício de Nassau University3 Water is considered a finite natural resource and one of the essential elements of life. It is used in various work activities such as agriculture, industry, livestock, public supply, energy generation, among others [15]. According to SPERLING (2006) [38], only 2.493% of the water on the planet is suitable for the consumption of humans and animals and 0.0007% of the water accessible for consumption is present in the atmosphere, rivers and lakes. It is estimated that more than one billion people worldwide do not have access to treated water, as its supply is not made on an equal basis due to population growth, economic activities and uneven distribution contrasted with different populations. between rural and urban areas [3, 21,33,]. Problems related to water shortages in the metropolitan regions of Brazilian states are increasingly present in everyday life, and can be attributed to factors involving administrative processes, such as the high cost of drinking water treatment, pollution of water tables, increased demand for water. consumption and climatic factors. In this sense, the use of water for poor quality consumption is an alternative for regions experiencing shortages and has a direct impact on the health of individuals, especially workers and students, as about 80% of the infectious and parasitic diseases that affect developing countries are due to poor quality water, directly impacting the individual's health [10,17,18,28,36,37]. The water potability standards in Brazil are described in Ordinance GM / MS No. 2,914, of December 12, 2011, which portrays ...

Monitoring Parasitic Contamination of the Beaches Sand and Public Squares of Northeast Brazil: a Comparative Approach

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Monitoring Parasitic Contamination of the Beaches Sand and Public Squares of Northeast Brazil: a Comparative Approach Paulo Henrique Valença Nunes1, Celina Cavalcante Muniz Gomes2, Emmanuel Nóbrega Travassos de Arruda2, Lidiane Paloma Santos2, José Rafael da Silva Araujo3, Francisca Janaina Soares Rocha4 1Master's student at the Graduate Program in Pharmaceutical Sciences. Federal University of Pernambuco, 2Graduate student in Biomedicine. Federal University of Pernambuco, 3Doctoral Student of the Postgraduate Program in Genetics Federal University of Pernambuco 4Associate professor at the Medical Sciences Center (CCM), Federal University of Pernambuco. This work aims to evaluate the parasite presence in the sand of two squares and beaches/parks in the metropolitan region of Recife-PE and João Pessoa-PB, to compare the frequencies of the main parasitological species in these locations. The samples were collected in 2014 from three different depths of the soil (surface, 10 cm, and 20 cm), obtaining 96 samples from the metropolitan regions of Recife-PE and 48 samples from João Pessoa-PB. In Recife were detected a high number of positive samples from beaches (70.8%) and squares (25.7%) compared to João Pessoa, which reached 45.8% and 25%, respectively. Twelve parasite species were identified, distributed predominantly in the samples collected in 10 and 20 cm. In Pernambuco, the species Giardia lamblia, Cryptosporidium spp., and Endolimax nana were the most recurrent on the beaches, while Toxocara sp. and Iodamoeba butschilii were more frequent in the parks. In the Paraíba were identified only Cryptosporidium spp. and Entamoeba histolytica/E. dispar on the beaches. While Ancylostoma sp., Cryptosporidium spp, and Entamoeba histolytica/E. dispar were the most recurrent in the Paraíba squares. This study highlights the contamination of parasites in public environments (squares/beaches) to alert the need for actions aimed at combating parasites in these places. Keywords: Parasitic Contamination; Beaches Sand; Public Squares; Northeast Brazil ...

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International Research Journal of Public Health