International Research Journal of Public Health


Heat stroke and heat exhaustion among pilgrims: common signs and symptoms, laboratory profile and methods of managements

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Heat stroke and heat exhaustion among pilgrims: common signs and symptoms, laboratory profile and methods of managements Fahad AlOmari, Fahad Al Zolafi Family Medicine Department, Prince Sultan Military hospital, Taif, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Background: In the last few years, Hajj season is characterized by high temperature reached up to 46°C.Exposure to great hot environment accompanied with fatigue may result in different heat-related illnesses including heat cramps, heat exhaustion and heat stroke. Objectives: To investigate the types, symptoms, signs, laboratory parameters, associated chronic disease and medical management of heat illness experienced by pilgrims in the fields and emergency centers. Subjects and methods: It is an analytical cross sectional study conducted during Hajj season (2017-2018) including all patients exposed or attended the emergency departments or centers of management heat related medical problems in Ministry of Defense hospitals and centers in Makkah city, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. A prepared checklist was used to collect data about demographic characteristics of patients, associated risk factors, signs and symptoms as well as data about managements of heat stroke and heat exhaustions. Results: The study included 73 patients diagnosed with either heat exhaustion (52; 71.2%) or heat stroke (21; 28.8%). Their age ranged between 30 and 80 years (57.8±12.7). Males represent 57.5% of them. History of vaccination against seasonal influenza and meningitis was observed among 60% of them.Majority of the patients (74%) exposed to heat for 2-4 hours. The most frequent encountered symptoms were headache (82.2%), extreme weakness (80.8%), and dizziness/vertigo (78.1%). Their body temperature ranged between 31.6-41.2 ˚C (37.4±1.7).Glasgow coma scale ranged between 10 and 15 (14.5±1.2). Dry tongue, sunken eyes, skin rash and complications were observed among 68.5%, 31.5%, 11% and 4.1% of them, respectively. Admission for two hours or more was reported among 20 ...

Microbiological Analysis and pH Determination of Drinking Water Samples from Public Schools

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Microbiological Analysis and pH Determination of Drinking Water Samples from Public Schools in the Municipality of Recife/PE Rosana Maria da Conceição Silva1, Cléber José da Silva1, Bruno Joaquim de Santana2, Fabrícia Karla da Silva3 Federal University of Pernambuco1, Estacio of Recife University2, Maurício de Nassau University3 Water is considered a finite natural resource and one of the essential elements of life. It is used in various work activities such as agriculture, industry, livestock, public supply, energy generation, among others [15]. According to SPERLING (2006) [38], only 2.493% of the water on the planet is suitable for the consumption of humans and animals and 0.0007% of the water accessible for consumption is present in the atmosphere, rivers and lakes. It is estimated that more than one billion people worldwide do not have access to treated water, as its supply is not made on an equal basis due to population growth, economic activities and uneven distribution contrasted with different populations. between rural and urban areas [3, 21,33,]. Problems related to water shortages in the metropolitan regions of Brazilian states are increasingly present in everyday life, and can be attributed to factors involving administrative processes, such as the high cost of drinking water treatment, pollution of water tables, increased demand for water. consumption and climatic factors. In this sense, the use of water for poor quality consumption is an alternative for regions experiencing shortages and has a direct impact on the health of individuals, especially workers and students, as about 80% of the infectious and parasitic diseases that affect developing countries are due to poor quality water, directly impacting the individual's health [10,17,18,28,36,37]. The water potability standards in Brazil are described in Ordinance GM / MS No. 2,914, of December 12, 2011, which portrays ...

Monitoring Parasitic Contamination of the Beaches Sand and Public Squares of Northeast Brazil: a Comparative Approach

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Monitoring Parasitic Contamination of the Beaches Sand and Public Squares of Northeast Brazil: a Comparative Approach Paulo Henrique Valença Nunes1, Celina Cavalcante Muniz Gomes2, Emmanuel Nóbrega Travassos de Arruda2, Lidiane Paloma Santos2, José Rafael da Silva Araujo3, Francisca Janaina Soares Rocha4 1Master's student at the Graduate Program in Pharmaceutical Sciences. Federal University of Pernambuco, 2Graduate student in Biomedicine. Federal University of Pernambuco, 3Doctoral Student of the Postgraduate Program in Genetics Federal University of Pernambuco 4Associate professor at the Medical Sciences Center (CCM), Federal University of Pernambuco. This work aims to evaluate the parasite presence in the sand of two squares and beaches/parks in the metropolitan region of Recife-PE and João Pessoa-PB, to compare the frequencies of the main parasitological species in these locations. The samples were collected in 2014 from three different depths of the soil (surface, 10 cm, and 20 cm), obtaining 96 samples from the metropolitan regions of Recife-PE and 48 samples from João Pessoa-PB. In Recife were detected a high number of positive samples from beaches (70.8%) and squares (25.7%) compared to João Pessoa, which reached 45.8% and 25%, respectively. Twelve parasite species were identified, distributed predominantly in the samples collected in 10 and 20 cm. In Pernambuco, the species Giardia lamblia, Cryptosporidium spp., and Endolimax nana were the most recurrent on the beaches, while Toxocara sp. and Iodamoeba butschilii were more frequent in the parks. In the Paraíba were identified only Cryptosporidium spp. and Entamoeba histolytica/E. dispar on the beaches. While Ancylostoma sp., Cryptosporidium spp, and Entamoeba histolytica/E. dispar were the most recurrent in the Paraíba squares. This study highlights the contamination of parasites in public environments (squares/beaches) to alert the need for actions aimed at combating parasites in these places. Keywords: Parasitic Contamination; Beaches Sand; Public Squares; Northeast Brazil ...

Occurrence of Anemophilous Fungi in the Special Collection of the Agricultural Sciences Center Library of the Federal University of Paraíba

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Occurrence of Anemophilous Fungi in the Special Collection of the Agricultural Sciences Center Library of the Federal University of Paraíba Rogério Pereira da Silva1*; Lívia Caroline Alexandre de Araújo1; Rafael Artur de Queiroz Cavalcanti de Sá2 ; Loise Araujo Costa1 1Centro de Ciências Agrárias, Universidade Federal da Paraíba – CCA/UFPB 2Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco – CCS/UFPE Objectives: The work objective was to verify the occurrence of anemophilous fungi present in the air and on the surface of books in the special and rare collection of the CCA/UFPB Library. To the isolation of anemophilous fungi present in the air, there used a direct exposure method, in which plates were exposed for 20 min. Methods: To the isolation of anemophilous fungi present in the air, there used a direct exposure method, in which plates were exposed for 20 min. The fungi collection from the surfaces of the books, it was performed through rubbing sterile swabs along the entire length of the cover and placed in a test tube with a saline solution. Then, it sowed the samples in Petri dishes containing culture medium. The plates with samples of fungi from the air and the surface of the books, it was incubated in an oven at 28 ºC. After the growth of the colonies, the identification was based on macro and micromorphological analyzes. Results: There obtained a total of 688 isolates of anemophilous fungi belonging to 14 taxa. Most belong to the group of asexual fungi. The most frequent taxa were Penicillium (61.5%), sterile mycelia (23.5%), and Cladosporium (7.6%). Conclusion: The Library presented an important presence of several fungal genera in its spaces, favoring the biodeterioration of historical documents, besides being able to compromise the health of employees and visitors ...

Manuscript Title: The title should be a brief phrase.

Author Information: List full names and affiliation of all authors, including Emails and phone numbers of corresponding author.

Abstract: The abstract should be less than 500 words. Following abstract, a list of keywords and abbreviations should be added. The keywords should be no more than 10. Abbreviation are only used for non standard and long terms.

Introduction: The introduction should included a clear statement of current problems.

Materials and Methods: This section should be clearly described.

Results and discussion: Authors may put results and discussion into a single section or show them separately.

Acknowledgement: This section includes a brief acknowledgment of people, grant details, funds

References: References should be listed in a numbered citation order at the end of the manuscript. DOIs and links to referenced articles should be added if available. Abstracts and talks for conferences or papers not yet accepted should not be cited. Examples Published Papers: 

1. Hongmei YANG. A study on the Management Mode of Modern Vocational Education in China. Global journal of Economics and Business Administration, 2018, 3: 10.DOI: 10.28933/gjeba-2018-07-2301 

Tables and figures: Tables should be used at a minimum with a short descriptive title. The preferred file formats for Figures/Graphics are GIF, TIFF, JPEG or PowerPoint.

Publication fees: We do not charge any submission charges, but authors are required to pay publication fees after their manuscripts are accepted for publication. For authors who receive our invitations, please send us the invitation code to receive the special discount.

Proofreading and Publication: A proof will be sent to the corresponding author before publication. Authors should carefully read the proof to avoid any errors and return the proof to the editorial office. Editorial office will publish the article shortly.

Withdrawal Policy: When you want to withdraw an article, please contact us. We will withdraw/retract it from our system after reviewing your request.

Terms of Use/Privacy Policy/Disclaimer/Other Policies: you agree that by using or receiving our services, you have read, understood, and agreed to be bound by all of our terms of use/privacy policy/ disclaimer/ other policies.

About the journal
The journal is hosted by eSciPub LLC. Our aim is to provide a platform that encourages publication of the most recent research and reviews for authors from all countries.


About the publisher
eSciPub LLC is a publisher to support Open Access initiative located in Houston, Texas, USA. It is a member of the largest community of professional publishers in the United States: the Independent Book Publishers Association. It hosts more than 100 Open Access journals in Medicine, Business & Economics, Agriculture, Biological Sciences, Chemistry, Education, Physical Sciences, Sociology, and Engineering and Technology.


Rapid Response Team
Please feel free to contact our rapid response team if you have any questions. Our customer representative will answer your questions shortly.

International Research Journal of Public Health

Loading