International Research Journal of Public Health


Image Restoration for University Leaders’ Public Health COVID-19 Response: A Case Study of Notre Dame

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Image Restoration for University Leaders’ Public Health COVID-19 Response: A Case Study of Notre Dame R. Tyler Spradley, Ph.D. Department of Languages, Cultures, and Communication, Stephen F. Austin State University Do as I say, not as I do is a common phrase that applies to the case of Notre Dame’s president as he began the Fall 2020 semester chastising students for gathering in large groups off campus leading to the spread of COVID-19 while he, just a month later, gathered unmasked in the U.S. White House Rose Garden to celebrate the nomination of a Notre Dame alum to the Supreme Court.  This study draws upon image restoration strategies in crisis response literature to examine Notre Dame and its president’s public response to both the two-week move to remote education in Fall 2020 following COVID-19 outbreak among its students and the unmasked attendance to an event that resulted in Notre Dame’s president testing positive for COVID-19.  Overall, evasion of responsibility and corrective action typified the university’s response to students’ behaviors that led to public health risk, but mortification along with contradictory messages evading responsibility typified the individual response of the university’s president that led to public health risk.  Of interest to the case is the lack of religious appeal intertwined in the  image restoration strategies used in the president’s apology yet the use of religious appeal in the university’s accusations against student public health behavior.  Given that Notre Dame is a religiously affiliated university and the president is clergy, the inconsistent use of religious appeal may undermine the image restoration rhetoric of the president. Keywords: COVID-19, crisis response, image restoration, university public health response ...

Transtheoretical model as a framework for promoting cardiovascular health through behaviour change: a systematic review

Review Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Transtheoretical model as a framework for promoting cardiovascular health through behaviour change: a systematic review PhD, Ejiofor A. Ezika1* , MBBS, Adaobi Nwankwo-Ezika2 1School of Health and Life Sciences, University of the West of Scotland. 2Emergency Medicine Department, Southend University Hospital. Introduction: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the single leading cause of death around the globe. The Transtheoretical model (TTM) is a successful framework for guiding behaviour change programmes for several health behaviours, yet there are limited reviews on how TTM has been used to facilitate behaviour change associated with reduced CVD. Therefore, the aims of this systematic review are to determine (i) how TTM has been used in promoting physical activity, fruit and vegetable consumption, and smoking cessation and (ii) gaps in knowledge in the use of stage-based model to improve physical activity, intake of fruit and vegetables, and smoking cessation. Materials and Methods: The approach to this systematic review was informed by current recommendations known as Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis Approach (PRISMA). Results: Constructs of TTM were used in the design of studies, facilitation of health behaviour change, monitoring of change in the movement of the participants across the change continuum, and evaluation of the effectiveness of health behaviour programmes. TTM was incorporated with other models, including Health Belief Model (HBM), social-ecological model, and social cognitive theory to facilitate behaviour change. There were limited studies that used all the four constructs of TTM to promote health behaviour change. Conclusion: TTM is a promising tool for designing, facilitating, monitoring, and evaluating behaviour change associated with reduced cardiovascular disease (CVD). TTM may be incorporated with other models, including HBM, social-ecological model, and social cognitive theory to facilitate behaviour change. Keywords: Behaviour change; Transtheoretical model; Systematic review; Cardiovascular health ...

Effect of Aerobic Exercise Training Programme on Blood Cholesterol Profile in Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases among Young Adults

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Effect of Aerobic Exercise Training Programme on Blood Cholesterol Profile in Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases among Young Adults D.I. Adeagbo1, A .O Awosusi1, O.M Bolarinwa1, B. G. Agboola2 1Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Faculty of Education, Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria. 2Department ofAdult Education and Community Development, Faculty of Education, Ekiti State University, Ado- Ekiti, Nigeria. This study investigated the effects of aerobic exercise training programme on blood cholesterol profile as cardiovascular disease risk factor among adolescents. The study employed the true experimental of pretest post test design with one experimental and control group. The population consisted of 745 students of Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti. The participants for the study were 32 students comprising 22 participants for the experimental and 10 for the control groups with equal number of male and female in each case. The instruments used for sample and data collection for the study were; stadiometer, vacutainer needles, plastic vacuum tubes, vacutainer holder, tourniquet, disinfection swabs, microspore tape, adhesive dressing, rubber gloves, lithium heparin bottles and spectrophotometer. The training programme consisted of graded activities lasting for 25-40 minutes, administered three times a week for 12 weeks. The blood samples collected were subjected to chemical analysis generated for the study. The data were subjected to descriptive statistics of mean, standard deviation and range and inferential statistics of Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). Multiple Classification Analysis (MCA) was employed to determine how much effect the treatment had on the cholesterol profile of the students. Statistical analysis showed significant reduction of total cholesterol, low density lipoproteincholesterol, and increase high density lipoprotein cholesterol. Aerobic exercise training programme had positive effects on total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, and high density lipoprotein cholesterol levels of the adolescents. It is therefore recommended that ...

Diabetes Mellitus: General aspects

Review Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Diabetes Mellitus: General aspects Francisco Henrique da Silva1, Matheus Alves Siqueira de Assunção2, Alamisne Gomes da Silva3, Hellencléia Pereira Cunha3, Adriana Maria Costa Marques da Silva3, Aline Fernanda Carneiro Cardoso3, Fálba Bernadete Ramos dos Anjos2 1Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil 2Department of Histology and Embryology, Federal University of Pernambuco,  Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil 3Pharmaceutical Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil Knowing Diabetes Mellitus, as well as its main characteristics is a means of prevention. From this perspective, this chapter aims to analyze the main characteristics about Diabetes Mellitus, taking as an approach the general aspects that involve epidemiology, costs, correlation with arterial hypertension, in addition to Gestational Diabetes. Keywords: Classification, Epidemiology, Gestational Diabetes ...

Dr. Mohammad Hadi Dehghani
Professor, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences

Dr. Beatrice O. Ondondo 
Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Health Sciences, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Llandaff Campus, Western Avenue, Cardiff, CF5 2YB

Ms. Yau Sui Yu
Assistant Professor (Nursing), The Open University of Hong Kong C0924, The Open University of Hong Kong, 30, Good Shepherd Street, Ho Man Tin, Kowloon, Hong Kong

Dr. Mario Bernardo-Filho
Professor Titular, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro

Dr Anirudh V. Mutalik
Assistant Professor and Incharge Rural Health Training Centre. KMCT Medical College,Calicut

Dr. Hamdy Ahmad Sliem
Professor, Internal Medicine, Faculty of medicine, Suez Canal University, Egypt

Dr. Abdelrahman Y. Fouda
Vascular Biology Center, R.B. Caldwell lab, Augusta University

Dr. Kabita Mishra
Senior Research Fellow (Homoeopathy), D.D.P.R.-Central Research Institute for Homoeopathy , (Ministry of A.Y.U.S.H., Government of India)

Dr. Ionel BONDOC
Associate Professor, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Iasi, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Iasi (ROMANIA), Department of Public Health

Dr Col Narendra Singh
Professor Community Medicine, Central Govt Medical College & Hospital in Faridabad , India

Manuscript Title: The title should be a brief phrase.

Author Information: List full names and affiliation of all authors, including Emails and phone numbers of corresponding author.

Abstract: The abstract should be less than 500 words. Following abstract, a list of keywords and abbreviations should be added. The keywords should be no more than 10. Abbreviation are only used for non standard and long terms.

Introduction: The introduction should included a clear statement of current problems.

Materials and Methods: This section should be clearly described.

Results and discussion: Authors may put results and discussion into a single section or show them separately.

Acknowledgement: This section includes a brief acknowledgment of people, grant details, funds

References: References should be listed in a numbered citation order at the end of the manuscript. DOIs and links to referenced articles should be added if available. Abstracts and talks for conferences or papers not yet accepted should not be cited. Examples Published Papers: 

1. John P. Elliott, Andrew Elliott, Allison Cimler,Nardo Zaias, Sandra Escovar. Extraordinary Rapid Wound Healing Time in Diabetic Patients Treated with Microburst Insulin Infusion.International Research Journal of Public Health, 2018; 2:14. DOI:10.28933/irjph-2018-08-1001 
2. Blaurock-Busch E. and Nwokolo Chijioke C. Heavy Metals and Trace Elements in Blood, Hair and Urine of Nigerian Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder. International Research Journal of Public Health, 2018; 2:13. DOI:10.28933/irjph-2018-07-2201

Tables and figures: Tables should be used at a minimum with a short descriptive title. The preferred file formats for Figures/Graphics are GIF, TIFF, JPEG or PowerPoint.

Proofreading and Publication: A proof will be sent to the corresponding author before publication. Authors should carefully read the proof to avoid any errors and return the proof to the editorial office. Editorial office will publish the article shortly and send a notice to authors with the links of the paper.

Open Access
International Research Journal of Public Health is a peer reviewed open access journal publishing research manuscripts, review articles, editorials, letters to the editor in Public Health(Indexing details).

Peer Review
To ensure the quality of the publications, all submitted manuscripts will be peer-reviewed by invited experts in the field. The decisions of editors will be made based on the comments of the reviewers.

Rapid Publication
Time to first decision: within 2 days for initial decision without review, 18 days with review; Time to publication: Accepted articles will be published online within 2 days, and final corrected versions by authors will be accessible within 5 days.  More details....

Rapid Response Team
Please feel free to contact our rapid response team if you have any questions. Our customer representative will answer your questions soon.

International Research Journal of Public Health

Loading