International Research Journal of Public Health


Health Hazards with Adulterated Spices: Save the “Onion Tears”

Review Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Health Hazards with Adulterated Spices: Save the “Onion Tears” Abdul Kader Mohiuddin Dr. M. Nasirullah Memorial Trust, Tejgaon, Dhaka 1215, Bangladesh Spices are among the top five most commonly adulterated food types because they are expensive commodities that are processed prior to sale, used most frequently and consumed by mass population. There is a strong incentive to pollute. In Bangladesh, different types of grounded spices powders are available like onion, ginger, coriander, chilli, turmeric, cumin, etc. These powdered spices are commercially processed and packaged by some leading food industries, while some local non-branded industries also exist. Nowadays, people are busy with their carriers, the demand of branded spices powder is increasing gradually. Generally, most of the people tend to buy loose spices from the local grocery store if branded and packaged spices are not available. This increases the risk of consuming adulterated spices. Unlike this particular adulterant which is not unhealthy (but illegal), most of the adulterants are unhealthy and can cause serious and fatal damage to our system if consumed regularly. The escalating market of this product implies that in Bangladesh this tradition is increasingly attaining momentum. Spices are consumed in various forms such as whole spices, ground spices, oleoresins, extracts etc. Spices play an important role in enhancing the flavor and taste of processed foods. They are also used in medicine because of their carminative stimulating and digestive properties. Ground spices maybe adulterated with artificial colors, starch, chalk powder, etc. to increase their weight and enhance appearance. High value ground spices are frequently adulterated for economic gains. Adulteration is difficult to identify by visual and sensory inputs alone. Although there are few renowned food industries, peoples are always suspicious about these products. But there are still not enough investigations ...

IMPACT OF DRIVER DISTRACTION AND ITS EFFECT

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health IMPACT OF DRIVER DISTRACTION AND ITS EFFECT PRAISE WOEYRAM ANANI, EDWARD APPIAH KWAME NKRUMAH UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Deaths and injury from road accidents on the highways of Ghana seem to be on the rise. Along these highways are advertising billboards with attractive, but often very seductive images of females. These images, according to advertisers, are meant to catch the maximum attention within the shortest possible time. Drivers use a large proportion of their visual sensory input, hence visually conspicuous items, such as billboards, are likely to interfere with visual processing tasks. Though few researches have been conducted on billboards and the occurrence of road accidents, as well as driver distractions, none actually focused on the visual elements as far as image mental distractions are concerned. From the positivist paradigm, the study investigated the roles visual elements on billboards play in the occurrence of road accidents. It focused on how these images add to the numerous road accidents. Standard designed survey questionnaires were administered to 200 drivers who ply the Kumasi- Accra highway route on regular basis. The data was analysed with SPSS using descriptive and Crosstab analysis methods. The study revealed that the distractions from these images were factors for these road accidents that lead to injury and death. The study also shows a connection between advertising billboard images and road accidents and how these advertising billboard images have a negative influence on driver-performance. It is therefore being recommended that stakeholders begin to focus on the kinds of billboards being mounted along the highways. Keywords: Car Crash, Driver Distraction, Road Users, Advertising Billboards, Roadside Distractions, Visual Pollution ...

Patient Satisfaction: Bangladesh Perspective

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Patient Satisfaction: Bangladesh Perspective Abdul Kader Mohiuddin Dr. M. Nasirullah Memorial Trust, Tejgaon, Dhaka 1215, Bangladesh Patient’s satisfaction is a useful measure to provide an indicator of quality in healthcare services. Concern over the quality of healthcare services in Bangladesh has led to loss of faith in healthcare providers, low utilization of public health facilities, and increasing outflow of Bangladeshi patients to hospitals in abroad. The main barriers to accessing health services are inadequate services and poor quality of existing facilities, shortage of medicine supplies, busyness of doctors due to high patient load, long travel distance to facilities, and long waiting times once facilities were reached, very short consultation time, lack of empathy of the health professionals, their generally callous and casual attitude, aggressive pursuit of monetary gains, poor levels of competence and, occasionally, disregard for the suffering that patients endure without being able to voice their concerns—all of these service failures are reported frequently in the print media. Such failures can play a powerful role in shaping patients’ negative attitudes and dissatisfaction with healthcare service providers and healthcare itself. Keywords: consultation length; patient waiting time; rural health facilities; unethical drug promotion; quality of future doctors ...

Impact of a school-based intervention to address iodine deficiency disorder in adolescent girls in Gilgit, Pakistan

Research Article of International Research Journal of Public Health Impact of a school-based intervention to address iodine deficiency disorder in adolescent girls in Gilgit, Pakistan 1Nadir Shah,2Dr Mohammad Shahnawaz 2Ms Khoula Begum, 3Dr A.Uppal,3H. Ahmed 1Aga Khan Medical Center, Gilgit, Pakistan 2 Karakorum International University, Gilgit Pakistan 3Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad, Pakistan Iodine deficiency disorder (IDD) is a major public health problem in the high mountain population of Gilgit Baltistan province of Pakistan. In this study we evaluated the impact of iodine supplementation coupled with iodine nutrition education on IDD in adolescent girls. We conducted a pre- and post intervention study in a stratified random sample of 152 girls aged 10 to 19 years from four schools of Gilgit town in 2011. IDD was defined as having a goiter, and urinary iodine deficiency (<100 mcg/l). Five trained female research assistants conducted iodine nutrition education for 6 months. Out of 152 participants, 125 (83%) completed the study. The optimum salt iodine concentration (50 ppm) increased from 10.5% to 21.5% at the household level of the study participants. Consumption of iodine poor food decreased from 74.7% to 59.6% after the intervention. The mean urinary iodine concentration increased from 33.2mcg/L (SD±14.9) to 119.1 mcg/L (SD±65.8) over the study period and the change was statistically significant (p<0.05). At the end of the study 82.8% of the adolescent had no goiter compared to 72.4% at the baseline. This study showed improvement in iodized salt consumption and decreased IDD among the study adolescents. Keywords: IDD, Adolescent girls, Impact Indicators ...

Dr. Mohammad Hadi Dehghani
Professor, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences

Dr. Beatrice O. Ondondo 
Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Health Sciences, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Llandaff Campus, Western Avenue, Cardiff, CF5 2YB

Ms. Yau Sui Yu
Assistant Professor (Nursing), The Open University of Hong Kong C0924, The Open University of Hong Kong, 30, Good Shepherd Street, Ho Man Tin, Kowloon, Hong Kong

Dr. Mario Bernardo-Filho
Professor Titular, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro

Dr Anirudh V. Mutalik
Assistant Professor and Incharge Rural Health Training Centre. KMCT Medical College,Calicut

Dr. Hamdy Ahmad Sliem
Professor, Internal Medicine, Faculty of medicine, Suez Canal University, Egypt

Dr. Abdelrahman Y. Fouda
Vascular Biology Center, R.B. Caldwell lab, Augusta University

Dr. Kabita Mishra
Senior Research Fellow (Homoeopathy), D.D.P.R.-Central Research Institute for Homoeopathy , (Ministry of A.Y.U.S.H., Government of India)

Dr. Ionel BONDOC
Associate Professor, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Iasi, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Iasi (ROMANIA), Department of Public Health

Dr Col Narendra Singh
Professor Community Medicine, Central Govt Medical College & Hospital in Faridabad , India

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1. John P. Elliott, Andrew Elliott, Allison Cimler,Nardo Zaias, Sandra Escovar. Extraordinary Rapid Wound Healing Time in Diabetic Patients Treated with Microburst Insulin Infusion.International Research Journal of Public Health, 2018; 2:14. DOI:10.28933/irjph-2018-08-1001 
2. Blaurock-Busch E. and Nwokolo Chijioke C. Heavy Metals and Trace Elements in Blood, Hair and Urine of Nigerian Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder. International Research Journal of Public Health, 2018; 2:13. DOI:10.28933/irjph-2018-07-2201

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