Premature rupture of membrane and its associated factors among pregnant women admitted to public hospitals
Tilahun Bakala Woyessa(BSc, MSc)1*,Lami Gurmessa Fulea1*(BSc, MSc)2, Aga Wakgari Edossa(MD, Gynecologist, Assistant Professor)3, Ebisa Turi Jambola(BSc, MPH)4 and Ginenus Fekadu Mekonen(BSC, MSc)5
1Department of Midwifery, Institute of Health Sciences, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia; 2Department of Nursing, College of Health Sciences, Mettu University, Mettu, Ethiopia D; 3 Department of Medicine, Institute of Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia; 4Department of Public Health, Institute of Health Sciences, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia; 5Department of Pharmacy, Institute of Health Sciences, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia
Background: Premature rupture of membrane is the common complication of pregnancy which is an important cause for perinatal and maternal morbidity and mortality. However most of the studies done on its prevalence had showed a variation with the global prevalence of premature rupture of membrane. The study was aimed to assess prevalence and associated factors of premature rupture of membrane among pregnant women admitted to public hospitals in Nekemte town, Western Ethiopia.
Method: An institution based cross-sectional study was carried out from June 1 to July 30, 2019. A systematic random sampling technique was used to select 284 study participants. Interviewer administered structured questionnaires and standardized checklists were used to collect data. Data was entered into Epi.data 3.1 and exported to SPSS version 25.0.
Results: About, 121(42.6%) of respondents were found in between the age group of 25-29 years, with the mean of 26.41 and standard deviation of 4.64 (26.41+4.64). The prevalence of premature rupture of membrane was 13.4%with 95% CI (9.9, 17.3). Women who had history of abortion (AOR=3.47, 95% CI: 1.44, 8.37), history of previous premature rupture of membrane (AOR=2.95, 95% CI: 1.15, 7.54), history of cesarean section (AOR=3.56, 95% CI: 1.23, 10.31) and sexually transmitted infection (AOR=7.26, 95% CI: 1.99, 26.46) and ANC follow up (AOR= 0.07, 95% CI: 0.01, 0.63) were significantly associated with premature rupture of membrane.
Conclusion: The prevalence of premature rupture of membrane among the participants was considered to be high compared to the global prevalence. An intervention that focuses on strengthening the integration of messages on health promotion and disease prevention to maintain normal pregnancies for pregnant women is recommended.
Keywords: Prevalence; premature rupture of membrane; pregnant women; Ethiopia.
How to cite this article:
Tilahun Bakala Woyessa,Lami Gurmessa Fulea, Aga Wakgari Edossa, Ebisa Turi Jambola, Ginenus Fekadu Mekonen.Premature rupture of membrane and its associated factors among pregnant women admitted to public hospitals in Nekemte town, western Ethiopia.International Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2020, 3:27
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